A: Grafting is a method of vegetative (or asexual) propagation where a piece of one plant (scion) selected for its flowers or fruit and containing the desired genes to be duplicated is inserted into a piece of another plant (rootstock), with a strong vigorous root system, usually a seedling.
Benefits of the graft:
- making a clone of the parent plant ensures the same cultivar, since most fruit trees will not come true to seed
- taking a scion from a mature plant reduces time to flowering and fruiting (from 10-12 years for a seedling to 2-3 years or less for a grafted plant)
- introducing dwarfing, hardiness, disease and pest resistance.
- easier propagation method when other means like cutting or seed is not successful
Francis is a Haitian Mango. A traditional dessert... more
Mango tree Madame Francis (Haitian), Grafted (Mangifera indica)
Francis is a Haitian Mango. A traditional dessert mango from Haiti. The fruit are saber-like in shape, with an undulating and naturally waxed skin. The size of the fruit is from 1 to 1.5 lb., with a bright yellow color at full maturity. The dark orange somewhat fibrous flesh is soft and juicy with a rich, spicy and sweet flavor that speaks of the Caribbean. 'Madame Francis' is one of the few specialty mangos available in the United States for a number of years. The tree is open growing and vigorous, with large, light green leaves and moderate anthracnose tolerance. It is generally one of the first mangos to ripen during the season and often produces multiple crops here in Florida and throughout the tropics. See more info about Mango varieties.