TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Lophanthera lactescens, Golden Chain Tree

Lophanthera lactescens

Golden Chain Tree
Family: Malpighiaceae
Origin: Brazil
Big tree taller than 20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterYellow, orange flowersDeciduous plant

It is a fast-growing and relatively easy-to-care-for tree reaching up to 20 feet tall. The Lophanthera lactescens has yellowish-green foliage and large, pendulous yellow and orange flowers, usually blooming during early summer. It produces a pleasant, fragrant scent and is a great choice for hot climates due to its heat tolerance. It is truly a plant native to the tropics of Brazil.

In order to keep this plant healthy, it needs full sun and regular water during the summertime and moderate water during the winter. It can grow in a variety of soil types, as long as it drains well. The plant thrives in USDA Zones 9-11. The important consideration for cold regions is to make sure that the Golden Chain Tree is planted in a pot and can be brought in a heated greenhouse or garage when the temperature drops during the winter.

This tropical-looking plant enjoys light fertilization in late spring or early summer, when the yellow and orange blooms are already in full swing. Pruning should be done during the winter when the tree is not actively growing, to ensure the best growth and health.

The Lophanthera lactescens is an easy tree to care for and can bring a bit of the tropics to any garden. With its tall, graceful form and bright, fragrant flower spikes, it is a great addition to many urban and suburban landscapes.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/lophanthera_lactescens.htm

Lophostemon confertus, Tristania conferta, Brush Box, Queensland Box, Vinegar tree

Lophostemon confertus, Tristania conferta

Brush Box, Queensland Box, Vinegar tree
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Queensland, Australia
Big tree taller than 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowers

Tall tree growing to 100ft in forest, much shorter and many-branched in littoral rainforest Bark rough and scaly. Leaves: Simple, appearing in whorls toward branchlet ends; blade glossy dark green above, paler below. Leaves are elliptical to ovate, 4-12"long. Flower: Creamish/white about .5" in diameter, five petals, stamens prominent and numerous. Flowers October to December. Fruit: Capsule, green/brown, bell-shaped with flat top. Numerous seeds. Tiny seeds should be mixed with dry sand for even distribution when sowing. Germinates easily.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/lophostemon_confertus.htm

Lysiloma latisiliquum, Acacia bahamensis, Acacia formosa, Acacia latisiliqua, Leucaena latisiliqua, Lysiloma bahamensis, Lysiloma latisiliqua, Mimosa latisiliqua, Bahamas Lysiloma, Candelon, False Tamarind, Wild Tamarind

Lysiloma latisiliquum, Acacia bahamensis, Acacia formosa, Acacia latisiliqua, Leucaena latisiliqua, Lysiloma bahamensis, Lysiloma latisiliqua, Mimosa latisiliqua

Bahamas Lysiloma, Candelon, False Tamarind, Wild Tamarind
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Origin: Central America
Big tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterDry conditionsWhite, off-white flowersSeaside, salt tolerant plant

This tree is a popular nesting site for several native songbirds. Lysiloma latisiliquum, also known as Bahamas Lysiloma, is a native of Central America. It is a fast-growing, deciduous tree or shrub species which typically varies in size from a small tree, growing 10-20 ft tall, to a larger one of 20 ft or more. It is also salt tolerant and can be grown at seaside locations.

The tree develops off-white or white flowers in spring and summer. It has an open crown with drooping branches. Lysiloma latisiliquum prefers full sun to partial shade and requires moderate water, though it is fairly drought tolerant when established.

In order to enjoy the best results, it is important to grow Lysiloma latisiliquum in well-drained soils in USDA Zone 9-11. Plant maintenance includes removing competing vegetation and providing water during the dry season. Proper mulching also helps to keep the soil moist and provides nutrients. In colder climates, this plant should be grown in deep pots, repotted annually and moved indoors during winter.

This is a very attractive and popular species that will add a special flair to any landscape. In addition to providing extraordinary beauty, Lysiloma latisiliquum is also a great choice for attracting birds to your garden.



Lysiloma latisiliquum, Acacia bahamensis, Acacia formosa, Acacia latisiliqua, Leucaena latisiliqua, Lysiloma bahamensis, Lysiloma latisiliqua, Mimosa latisiliqua, Bahamas Lysiloma, Candelon, False Tamarind, Wild Tamarind
Lysiloma latisiliquum, Acacia bahamensis, Acacia formosa, Acacia latisiliqua, Leucaena latisiliqua, Lysiloma bahamensis, Lysiloma latisiliqua, Mimosa latisiliqua, Bahamas Lysiloma, Candelon, False Tamarind, Wild Tamarind
Lysiloma latisiliquum, Acacia bahamensis, Acacia formosa, Acacia latisiliqua, Leucaena latisiliqua, Lysiloma bahamensis, Lysiloma latisiliqua, Mimosa latisiliqua, Bahamas Lysiloma, Candelon, False Tamarind, Wild Tamarind


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/lysiloma_atisiliquum.htm

Macadamia integrifolia, Macadamia nut

Macadamia integrifolia

Macadamia nut
Family: Proteaceae
Origin: Australia
USDA Zone: 8-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

In colder regions, Macadamia are grown successfully in large pots in sunny, sheltered position, with semi-regular waterings. When temperatures get down to 30s F. Macadamia nut needs to be covered with shelter (cloth) to protect from frost damage. When temperatures get below 28F, your plant needs special care - water sparingly and avoid fertilizing.

The Macadamia integrifolia, also referred to as the Macadamia nut, is a classic tropical tree native to Australia. It boasts a gorgeous, showy appearance that makes it a popular ornamental, with darker green waxy leaves, prickly edges and delicate white flowers in racemes. Its mature size is variable and depends mostly on pruning. Its smooth-shelled variety typically grows up to between 10 and 20 feet in height, while its rough-shelled variation can grow up to be as tall as 20 feet or higher.

Macadamia nut trees thrive in areas with full sun and regular waterings, with a well-drained, slightly acidic soil composition being ideal. Plant it in an area with plenty of space between other trees, with 15 feet between trees and 20 to 25 feet between rows. When planting your Macadamia nut tree, mix organic material and dirt in the hole you've dug that is twice the size of the pot the tree came in. Afterwards, make a ring around the tree to help retain water. Watering should be done fairly frequently for the first three months after planting, with the tree being drought tolerant once it is established. You can use a slow-release fertilizer that is low in phosphorus, such as one with a 9-0-5 composition, a few months later if desired. Pruning should be done for the first three or four years, with the removal of lower branches and suckers.

The Macadamia nut tree is also known for its edible fruits, which are encased in a leathery outer husk that splits upon maturity. The nuts, which are usually about half to one inch in diameter, have a deliciously unique flavor that can be enjoyed by roasting them and salting them or eating them fresh. They are a great source of healthy fats, proteins, as well as important vitamins and minerals. A single tree can produce up to 500 pounds of fruit over the span of multiple seasons - typically starting in September, peaking in December and ending in February.

Close species: Smooth-shelled Macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia), Rough-shelled Macadamia (Macadamia tetraphylla). Hybrid forms exist between the two species. Most popular Varieties: Arkin Papershell, Beaumont, Dana White.

Overall, the Macadamia nut tree is a unique and rewarding tree that is perfect for any tropical nut enthusiast! With its fascinating beauty, diversity and delicious golden nuts, it can truly make a statement in any green space and is an amazing addition to your garden.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/macadamia_integrifolia.htm

Macadamia integrifolia x tetraphylla - Macadamia Nut

Macadamia Nut. The most delicious and popular sweet nuts that are usually so expensive, can be produced in your garden!
These plants are 3 y.o. seedlings from a very good variety F27 - especially selected for Central Florida. It is cold hardy, fast growing, and very productive.
These plants will flower and start producing within 1-2 years. A few plants in this batch already had flowers!
Tolerates all Florida soils. Plant likes lots of water, will live through some flooding, as well as some drought once established.
Macadamia plants need special fertilizer program for successful root development and production. Use only liquid fertilizer and apply microelements on regular basis - Sunshine SuperFood - essential for this plant health. Without microelement supplement, Macadamia often develops deficiencies and stops growing.
Recommended fertilizers:
Sunshine Robusta
Sunshine SuperFood
Buy together promotion:
946 ml (1 qt)
$19.95
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500 ml (16 oz)
$14.95
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This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
10"/3 gal pot
In stock
$89.95


Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple

Maclura pomifera

Osage Orange, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple
Family: Moraceae
Origin: North America
USDA Zone: 5-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Subtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Maclura pomifera (Osage Orange) is a deciduous tree and can grow to a size of more than 20 ft high and wide, with a spreading canopy. It is a dominant species in many areas of the central and eastern United States, preferring deep and fertile soils on the banks or flood plains of streams. It also grows in USDA zones 5-10, making it a great choice for many southern gardens.

Its fragrant blossoms are yellow-green in color and are followed by the large, apple-sized, green fruit. Osage Orange is a great choice for providing large areas of deep shade and is an ethnomedical plant that has been used for centuries. The native Americans used the tree for its bark and fruit, as well as for its aromatic wood.

When it comes to growing and caring for Osage Orange, it is an easy tree to care for, preferring full sun and regular water. In moderately dry conditions it can handle most soils that are well-draining, and can flourish in a range of soil pH levels.

When it comes to cold climates, mature plants are usually cold hardy, while younger plants may be killed or damaged in a severe freeze. For cold regions, it is best to grow them in pots and protect them from direct exposure to severe winter weather. It is also important to ensure that soil is well-draining, because winter waterlogging can kill a plant, regardless of its hardiness.

Finally, if you're looking for a reliable and fast-growing tree for your yard, Osage Orange is an excellent choice. It can provide great shade in both warm and cold climates, and its unique fruit makes it an interesting addition to any garden. With its deep root system, it can also help prevent soil erosion, making it a great choice for erosion control projects.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/maclura_pomifera.htm

Madhuca longifolia, Indian Butter Tree, Ippe, Mahua Butter Tree, Moah Tree, Mowra Butter Tree

Madhuca longifolia

Indian Butter Tree, Ippe, Mahua Butter Tree, Moah Tree, Mowra Butter Tree
Family: Sapotaceae
Origin: India
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdible

A plant of the subtropics to the hot tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,200 metres.

Established plants are drought resistant.

The fragrant fleshy flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. The dried flowers can be powdered and added to flour. Both the ripe and the unripe fruit can be eaten. The leaves are edible. The seeds are a source of illipe butter.



Madhuca longifolia, Indian Butter Tree, Ippe, Mahua Butter Tree, Moah Tree, Mowra Butter Tree
Madhuca longifolia, Indian Butter Tree, Ippe, Mahua Butter Tree, Moah Tree, Mowra Butter Tree
Madhuca longifolia, Indian Butter Tree, Ippe, Mahua Butter Tree, Moah Tree, Mowra Butter Tree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/madhuca_longifolia.htm

Magnolia sp., Magnolia hybrid

Magnolia sp.

Magnolia hybrid
Family: Magnoliaceae
Origin: East Asia and the Americas
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallBig tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersYellow, orange flowersFragrantDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Magnolia is a large, varied genus of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs. It was named after French botanist Pierre Magnol. Magnolias require deep, fertile, well-drained soil. The roots are fragile so the plant do not transplant readily.

See Article about Tropical Magnolias.

See also Plants with scents as heady as incense: Enchanted Magnolias - Joy in your life...

Species and varieties:

Magnolia acuminata

Magnolia campbellii x Magnolia liliiflora

Magnolia champaca

Magnolia coco

Magnolia cylindrica

Magnolia delavayi

Magnolia denudata

Magnolia dianica

Magnolia doltsopa

Magnolia figo

Magnolia floribunda

Magnolia 'Goldstar'

Magnolia grandiflora

Magnolia 'Jane'

Magnolia kobus

Magnolia lacei

Magnolia liliifera

Magnolia liliiflora

Magnolia liliiflora x stellata 'Orchid'

Magnolia montana

Magnolia obovata

Magnolia officinalis

Magnolia rajaniana

Magnolia sieboldii

Magnolia sirindhorniae

Magnolia stellata

Magnolia 'Susan'

Magnolia tamaulipana

Magnolia tripetala

Magnolia virginiana

Magnolia x alba 'Golden'

Magnolia x alba

Magnolia x brooklynensis

Magnolia x Elizabeth

Magnolia x soulangeana





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/magnolia_sp.htm

Magnolia tripetala, Umbrella Magnolia, Umbrella-tree

Magnolia tripetala

Umbrella Magnolia, Umbrella-tree
Family: Magnoliaceae
Origin: Southeastern United States, The Appalachian Mountains region
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantDeciduous plantSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This fast growing deciduous tree has large shiny leaves, spreading from stout stems. In a natural setting the Umbrella magnolia can grow 45-50ft (15 m) tall. The flowers are large, 3 to 5 inches (15-25 cm) diameter, with six to nine creamy-white petals and a large green style, which later develops into a cone-like fruit 4 to 6 inches (10-12 cm) long. The fruit turning pink when mature, later turning brown. The fruit contains several pink to red seeds, matures in late summer to early fall. The flowers are intensely fragrant, but may be unpleasant up close. Blooming Time is Late Spring/Early Summer.

The leaves are alternate, simple, very large, 12 to 24 inches (30-60 cm) long, lacking "ear-lobes" at base, margin entire, mostly obovate, green and shiny above, paler below, often crowded near ends of twig. Diamond-shaped leaves look like the spokes of an umbrella, which gives the Umbrella tree its common name. The leaves turn yellow in the autumn.

These trees are attractive and easy to grow. Requires consistently moist soil; partial to full shade; do not let dry out between watering. Frost tolerant (hardness from USDA zone 5 to USDA zone 9). Soil pH requirements are from 5.6 to 6.0 (acidic) to 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral).





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/magnolia_tripetala.htm

Mammea americana, Mammee Apple, Abricodo Para

Mammea americana

Mammee Apple, Abricodo Para
Family: Calophyllaceae
Origin: Caribbean, Central America and Northern South America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunRegular waterEdible

Varieties: Redland. Season: Late Spring/SummerDark green, leathery, 10" waxy leaves. Inconspicuous 1-1/2" white and yellow flowers. Trees may have all male flowers, but the Redland variety has a perfect flower (male and female). Large brown, round to oval, scurfy fruit (similar to Mamey or Sapodilla in external skin texture). Sweet to slightly sub-acid, crispy flesh. Fruit softens when ripe. Eaten as fresh fruit, in drinks, compotes and jams. Flower to fruit in 11-13 months. Seed to fruit in 4 - 10 years. Grafted trees may fruit in 3 to 4 years. The Mamey is tropical and does not fare well in cold temperatures, surviving only a couple of degrees below freezing without major damage. Mamey's should be protected from prolonged cool or cold temperatures. Its soil requirements are few, and trees often grow in a variety of soil types and depths.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/mammea_americana.htm

Mangifera caesia, Binjai, Malaysian Mango, Wani

Mangifera caesia

Binjai, Malaysian Mango, Wani
Family: Anacardiaceae
Origin: Kalimantan, Borneo
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterPink flowersIrritatingEdible

Mangifera caesia (Binjai) is a big tree which can get taller than 20 feet and is native to Kalimantan, Borneo. Small varieties of this tree may not reach more than 10-20 feet and both full sun and semi-shade is suitable for growing these trees. Binjai tree requires regular watering and blooms with pink flowers.

Binjai trees are known for the production of edible fruits. Depending on the size of the tree and the size of the fruits requested, the number of fruits produced can vary. The fruits of Binjai tree are sour in the wild form but if it is cultivated in Bali or Borneo, the fruits can become sweet and fibreless. The white juice of immature Binjai fruit is poisonous, so it is very irritant while touching the skin or when ingested directly.

Apart from being edible, these fruits have several health benefits and are used for medicinal purposes. It is rich in Vitamin C and helps treat abdominal problems, cholesterol, skin inflammation, and urinary tract infections. The fruits can also be eaten raw, juiced, cooked or made into different varieties of jams and jelly.

Growing Binjai trees in a pot is recommended if you live in a cold region. To get the best growth and fruit production, pay attention to drainage, water, and light requirements. This plant needs plenty of water and full sun to grow and mature. However, during the hot summer months, you should provide some shade to protect the plant from overheating.



Mangifera caesia, Binjai, Malaysian Mango, Wani


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/mangifera_caesia.htm
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