A medium sized tree from 40-60ft tall. The flowers are greenish-yellow or white and purple at the margins of the petals. Both male and perfect flowers are produced on the same inflorescence. The fruit is a follicle, which is corky or rough on the surface and may be 8 inches (20 cm) in length.
Cola nuts are seed pods of the plant harvested primarily from the species Cola nitida and Cola acuminata. Cola acuminata fruit may contain several seeds, cola nitida - just one. Cola nuts are chewed for the stimulating effect of the alkaloids caffein and theobrominethey contain. The cola nut is widely grown in West Africa and has particular uses in the social life and religious customs of the people. In Nigeria and Cameroon, four species of cola with edible seed have been distinguished. Cola extract is what gives their names to cola drinks. Will grow in full sun or part shade. It is not hardy and will be injured or killed by frost. Water regularly, as the plant thrives in wet, humid environments. The cola nut is usually propagated by seeds but can be propagated by cuttings.