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rare plants - fragrant flowers - exotic fruit

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TROPICAL PLANT CATALOG Printer friendly page  

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Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

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 Caesalpinia lutea
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence
Origin: West Indies and tropical America
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterYellow/orange flowersDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsThorny or spinySubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Evergreen shrub or small tree in frost free climates, a deciduous shrub in zone 9, and a returning perennial in zone 8. In the tropics it gets 15-20' tall and its ungainly, wide spreading branches can cover about the same width. In cultivation the peacock flower is usually 8-12' tall, growing that large even after freezing to the ground the previous winter. The stem, branches and petioles are armed with sharp spines and the leaves are fernlike and twice compound, with many small, oval leaflets. The flowers are borne in terminal clusters 8-10" tall throughout most of the year in tropical climates and in late summer and fall where frosts occur. The fruits, typical legumes, are flat, 3-4" long, and when ripe they split open noisily to expose the little brown beans. Very easy to grow in alkaline to acidic, well-drained soils. This is a fast growing, but short lived plant. It is moderately tolerant of salty conditions. Peaccock flower benefits from pruning, and can be shaped to tree form or shrubby bush form. The striking orange red flowers are an attention grabber! Use peacock flower as a specimen or in a mixed shrub border. It has an open, spreading habit and the branches sometimes get too long for their own good and break off. Still, a line of peacock flowers makes a showy fine-textured screen or informal hedge. You can cut peacock flower to the ground in late winter or early spring to get a bushier, more compact shrub.


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 Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

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Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image
Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image
Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image
Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image
Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image
Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image
Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image
Caesalpinia lutea, Yellow Peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence

Click to see full-size image


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Yellow Bird of Paradise (dwarf poinciana)- a showy flowering small tree for a small yard or patio. Drought tolerant.This item is certified for shipping to California.
California certification

Most of our plants are certified for shipping to California, however, certain plants are not certified. Please do not order not-certified plants to California addresses. These plants may be added to CA certification in the future; please contact us for more information.



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Grown in 10"/3 gal pot

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Caesalpinia lutea Flava (yellow) Dwarf Poinciana - seeds

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Very easy to grow in alkaline to acidic, well-drained soils. This is a fast growing, but short lived plant. It is moderately tolerant of salty conditions. Peacock flower benefits from pruning, and can be shaped to tree form or shrubby bush form. Soak seeds in warm water for 24 hours.
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Per pack: 6 seeds

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