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rare plants - fragrant flowers - exotic fruit

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TROPICAL PLANT CATALOG Printer friendly page  

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Borassus flabellifer, Borassus aethiopum, Palmira Palm, Toddy Palm

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 Borassus flabellifer, Borassus aethiopum
Family: Arecaceae / Palmae
Palmira Palm, Toddy Palm
Origin: S-E Asia, India
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterPalm or palm-like

A very large palmate palm, with a hard, black trunk, and a skirt of dead leaves underneath the crown. The leaves are very large, up to 10 ft. across, and bluey green in color. It has large black fruit. Culture: Hot, sunny, well drained position. Drought tolerant, cold sensitive.

Borassus flabellifer var. madagascariensis - is endemic to Madagascar.


 Borassus flabellifer, Borassus aethiopum, Palmira Palm, Toddy Palm

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Borassus madagascariensis

Jiji George
Kasaragod, Kerala, India
15 Jan 2006
Palmyrah is a tropical palm adapted to grow in arid zone tracts with marginal rainfall. The ancestral form of palms is claimed to be monoecious. Nevertheless the palmyrah palm is distinctly sexed into male and female. Female flowers are longer than male flowers. The palm starts flowering at an age 12 to 15 years old. A tall palm with a crown of fan-like fronds attains a height of 60 to 80 ft or more. The trunk has an average diameter of 12 to 14 inches.Among the four sugar yielding palms viz., Borassus flabellifer (palmyrah), Phoenix dectilifer ( Date), Caryota urens (Sago) and Cocos nucifera (Coconut), palmyrah palm ranks first in yielding sugar as well as other edible & non-edible products. The sweet sap or neera collected from the inflorescence is a major source of sweetening agent and it replaces cane sugar in palmyrah growing tracts. The endosperm of immature seed nuts from young fruit is a delicacy during summer like that of tender coconut. Matured fruits are roasted & the mesocarp is consumed. Many value added products can also be prepared from the fruit.
Jiji George
Kasaragod, Kerala, India
15 Jan 2006
Palmyrah is a tropical palm adapted to grow in arid zone tracts with marginal rainfall. The ancestral form of palms is claimed to be monoecious. Nevertheless the palmyrah palm is distinctly sexed into male and female. Female flowers are longer than male flowers. The palm starts flowering at an age 12 to 15 years old. A tall palm with a crown of fan-like fronds attains a height of 60 to 80 ft or more. The trunk has an average diameter of 12 to 14 inches.Among the four sugar yielding palms viz., Borassus flabellifer (palmyrah), Phoenix dectilifer ( Date), Caryota urens (Sago) and Cocos nucifera (Coconut), palmyrah palm ranks first in yielding sugar as well as other edible & non-edible products. The sweet sap or neera collected from the inflorescence is a major source of sweetening agent and it replaces cane sugar in palmyrah growing tracts. The endosperm of immature seed nuts from young fruit is a delicacy during summer like that of tender coconut. Matured fruits are roasted & the mesocarp is consumed. Many value added products can also be prepared from the fruit.


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