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TROPICAL PLANT CATALOG Printer friendly page  

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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 Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis
Family: Moraceae
Breadfruit
Origin: New Guinea
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleUltra tropical, min. temperature 55F

The breadfruit is fast growing tree, reaching up to 80-100 ft in height, with a trunk up to 6 ft in diameter, though some varieties are smaller. The leaves, evergreen or deciduous depending on climatic conditions, are ovate up to 3 ft long more or less deeply cut into many pointed lobes. They are bright-green and glossy on the upper surface, with conspicuous yellow veins and dull, yellowish and coated with minute, stiff hairs on the underside. Flowers are tiny and similar to jackfruit. The male densely set on a drooping spike 5 to 12" long, yellowish at first and becoming brown. The female are massed in a rounded or elliptic, green head, about 3" long, which develops into the compound fruit. Fruit can be oblong, cylindrical, ovoid, rounded or pearshaped, 3 to 18" in length. Generally the fruit is green at first, turning yellow or yellow-brown when ripe. When fully ripe, the fruit is somewhat soft, the interior is cream colored or yellow and pasty, also sweetly fragrant. All parts of the tree, including the unripe fruit, are rich in milky, gummy latex. There are two main types: the normal, "wild" type (cultivated in some areas) with seeds and little pulp, and the "cultivated" (more widely grown) seedless type, but occasionally a few fully developed seeds are found in usually seedless cultivars. The seeds are oval about 3/4" long, dull-brown with darker stripes. Breadfruit can be eaten raw or cooked. It is an important source of carbohydrates or "starch" and is a dietary staple in some places, especially Polynesia. The moist inner pulp of seedless forms (breadfruit) is eaten after cooking, and has the taste and texture of potatoes. The seeds of the seeded (breadnut) form are also cooked (boiled or roasted). In the West Indies a decoction of the leaves is used to lower elevated blood pressure and to relieve asthma. The shoots, bark and latex have also medicinal applications. More information on breadfruit.


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 Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

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Kevin
Cape Coral, Fl
USDA Zone:10B
11 Apr 2013
I went to Tops Tropicals about a week ago.
The ones they have are seedless. (Artocarpus Altilis) Ma afala.
Ma afala are a very good type. Somewhat shorter type. They were very healty looking trees. I transplanted it into a 25 gal pot. I plan on getting another one and planting it in the ground in a protected area. I will protect it if temps get below 50 in the winter.
Sher
Plantation, Fl USA
USDA Zone:10
28 Jul 2011
I love eating breadfruit, my favorite way is to soak it in salt water and then fry it. I found a tree for sale locally and tried growing it. Unfortunately we had a really cold winter (at least by south florida standards)and the tree did not make it :( If I had it to do over again I'd probably keep it in the container longer so I could better protect it from the cold, from what I've read the older trees are more cold tolerant.
Oscar Jaitt
Pahoa, Hawaii
USDA Zone:11
16 Feb 2006
I believe you have misnamed these photos (which you took at Sadhu's in Puerto Rico?). They are Artocarpus camansi and not Artocarpus altilis. A. camansi is a close relative of the breadfruit but has lots of seeds. See http://breadfruit.ntbg.org/breadfruit/relatives/
BTW, great website. Loved all your photos and travel pictures. Keep up the good work.
pepino pepino
Trabzon-TURKEY
8 Dec 2004
MEYVELER


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