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Vitis is a genus of about 60 species of vining plants. The grape is usually a woody vine, climbing by means of tendrils (modified branches) and when untrained often reaching a length of 17 metres (56 feet) or more. In arid regions it may form an almost erect shrub. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed, and always tooth-edged. Small greenish flowers, in clusters, precede the fruit, which varies in colour from almost black to green, red, and amber.
The plants are valued for their decorative foliage, often colouring brightly in autumn; their ability to clothe walls, pergolas and arches, thus providing shade; and their fruits, which may be eaten as dessert or provide the basis for homemade wines.
Voacanga africana is a tropical evergreen tree with glossy foliage. Its fragrant flowers feature a pale green, creamy or white corolla. It has numerous local medicinal uses in Africa.
The Vriesea family is a very popular and easily cultivated bromeliad. The genera can be divided into two groups. One is grown for there impressive foliage and the other for their colorful bracts and flowers.They range in sizes from a very tiny 10 cm to more than 2 metre in diameter and height. The bright flowering group are very colorful and have long lasting flowering displays. The foliage group have striking foliage markings and colors and are symmetrically vase shaped to hold water in their neat rosettes. The long flower spike is camouflaged with the foliage markings and extends dominantly above the foliage. It prefers medium light and "good" water, that is, water without salts. The use of bottled drinking water, rain water, or filtered sink water is best. Be careful not to expose it to temperatures in the 30 F.
Species and varieties: