TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Anthurium plowmanii, Anthurium Plowmanii Ruffles

Anthurium plowmanii

Anthurium Plowmanii Ruffles
Family: Araceae
Origin: South America
Small shrub 2-5 ftShadeSemi-shadeEpiphyteModerate waterUnusual colorUltra tropical, min. temperature 55F

Anthurium plowmanii is a variable species and may produce leaf blades with widely varying forms. Named in honor of botanist Timothy Plowman (1944-1989). Anthurium plowmanii ranges from western and northern Brazil into Peru, Bolivia and Paraguay. Unlike most rainforest plants, Anthurium plowmanii can grow in extremely dry conditions and is often the only evergreen plant in some jungle areas during the dry season. This makes it a great indoor plant where air humidity is low.

Anthurium plowmanii is not difficult to grow provided you have the space. The species can become quite large. The soil mixture should contain peat, Perlite, and orchid potting media containing charcoal, bark and some rock. The plants can be grown in diffused light and is allowed to ocassionally dry.



Anthurium plowmanii, Anthurium Plowmanii Ruffles
Anthurium plowmanii, Anthurium Plowmanii Ruffles
Anthurium plowmanii, Anthurium Plowmanii Ruffles


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/anthurium_plowmanii.htm

Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Breadfruit

Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis

Breadfruit
Family: Moraceae
Origin: New Guinea
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleUltra tropical, min. temperature 55F

The breadfruit is fast growing tree, reaching up to 80-100 ft in height, with a trunk up to 6 ft in diameter, though some varieties are smaller. The leaves, evergreen or deciduous depending on climatic conditions, are ovate up to 3 ft long more or less deeply cut into many pointed lobes. They are bright-green and glossy on the upper surface, with conspicuous yellow veins and dull, yellowish and coated with minute, stiff hairs on the underside. Flowers are tiny and similar to jackfruit. The male densely set on a drooping spike 5 to 12" long, yellowish at first and becoming brown. The female are massed in a rounded or elliptic, green head, about 3" long, which develops into the compound fruit. Fruit can be oblong, cylindrical, ovoid, rounded or pearshaped, 3 to 18" in length. Generally the fruit is green at first, turning yellow or yellow-brown when ripe. When fully ripe, the fruit is somewhat soft, the interior is cream colored or yellow and pasty, also sweetly fragrant. All parts of the tree, including the unripe fruit, are rich in milky, gummy latex. There are two main types: the normal, "wild" type (cultivated in some areas) with seeds and little pulp, and the "cultivated" (more widely grown) seedless type, but occasionally a few fully developed seeds are found in usually seedless cultivars. The seeds are oval about 3/4" long, dull-brown with darker stripes. Breadfruit can be eaten raw or cooked. It is an important source of carbohydrates or "starch" and is a dietary staple in some places, especially Polynesia. The moist inner pulp of seedless forms (breadfruit) is eaten after cooking, and has the taste and texture of potatoes. The seeds of the seeded (breadnut) form are also cooked (boiled or roasted). In the West Indies a decoction of the leaves is used to lower elevated blood pressure and to relieve asthma. The shoots, bark and latex have also medicinal applications.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/artocarpus_altilis.htm

Artocarpus camansi, Seeded breadfruit, Breadnut

Artocarpus camansi

Seeded breadfruit, Breadnut
Family: Moraceae
Origin: New Guinea, Philippines
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterOrnamental foliageEdibleUltra tropical, min. temperature 55F

Seeded breadfruit is a large tree, to 100 feet tall, with large, spreading branches and a straight trunk with smooth gray bark. Leaves large, 16-20 inches wide and 24-35 inches long, with shallow lobes. All parts of the tree contain abundant white latex. Monecious, with axillary inflorescences. Male inflorescence elongated, 1-1.5 inches wide and 6-10 inches long, female inflorescence globose, 2-3 inches wide and 3-4 inches long. Fruits large, spheroid, 4-12 inches in diameter, green and covered with soft spines. Fruits contain between 20-60 rounded or flattened seeds, about 1 inch long. Immature fruits are cooked as a vegetable with coconut milk. Seeds are soft, edible and delicious, and may be boiled or roasted.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/artocarpus_camansi.htm

Artocarpus odoratissimus, Marang, Tarap, Green Terap

Artocarpus odoratissimus

Marang, Tarap, Green Terap
Family: Moraceae
Origin: Malesia
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterEdibleUltra tropical, min. temperature 55F

Marang, or Tarap, is one of the most delicious tropical fruit and beautiful exotic tree with large lobed leaves. The fruit is as big as 10-12", soft flavored, can be appreciated from the first bite and considered superior in flavor to both Jackfruit or Chempedak. Being a cold sensitive plant, Marang can be grown in container inside a greenhouse, where it will enjoy high humidity. The seedlings grow rapidly, first fruit can be expected within 3-4 years.

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/artocarpus_odoratissimus.htm

Artocarpus sericicarpus, Pedalai

Artocarpus sericicarpus

Pedalai
Family: Moraceae
Origin: Malaysia, Borneo
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterEdibleUltra tropical, min. temperature 55F

Very large rainforest tree to 120ft. Eaten fresh. Seeds are also edible. The pedalai comes from northern Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi and the Moluccas. It is a very rare specimen in Borneo. It is occasionally seen growing on the steep, clay hillsides of the inland regions. The foliage consists of very large (40 X 25 cms) handsome, dark green leaves, spectacularly digitately lobed when young but entire when mature. The pedalai bears some very beautiful, eye-catching, bright orange skinned fruits, globular in shape and about 15 cms in diameter. Small soft protrusions on the fruit surface sprout curly, yellow hairs like a giant rambutan. Pedalai is similar to the marang inside, but has a superior flavor, firmer flesh and slightly larger segments. The sweet, creamy-white flesh is easy to eat and like the marang the segments cling to the central core when the skin is removed. As with all the Artocarpus species the seeds are edible and those of the pedalai are considered to be some of the tastiest. They may be boiled, roasted or fried. Fruit odor is not as strong as it is with the fruit of the marang, Artocarpus odoratissimus.



Artocarpus sericicarpus, Pedalai
Artocarpus sericicarpus, Pedalai
Artocarpus sericicarpus, Pedalai


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/artocarpus_sericicarpus.htm
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