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Xerochrysum bracteatum - excellent in dried arrangements, strawflower is also pretty in the garden. It grows as a woody or herbaceous perennial or annual shrub up to a metre (3 ft) tall with green or grey leafy foliage. Golden yellow or white flower heads are produced from spring to autumn; their distinctive feature is the papery bracts that resemble petals.
Xerochrysum bracteatum has proven very adaptable to cultivation. It was propagated and developed in Germany in the 1850s, and annual cultivars in a host of colour forms from white to bronze to purple flowers became available.
Xerosicyos danguyi is a climbing vine with cylindrical stems and thick succulent round leaves up to 2 inches across with long tendrils for climbing. Xerosicyos danguyi need warm to hot temperatures and at least 4 hours of full sun per day with a well-drained soil.
Xerosicyos pubescens is a dioecious perennial, caudiciform plant, forming a large caudex from which creeper deciduous vines characterized by tendrils emerge. The leaves are lobed, finely hairy, and semi-succulent and die back in the dry season and during prolonged periods of drought.
This handsome tree from Vietnam is very conspicuous in the flowering season owing to its bright yellow flowers. X. xylocarpa produces hardwood, and in Vietnam it is classified as an ironwood with its name referring to use in traditional cart making. The seeds of this tree are edible. This tree is considered a medicinal plant in India.
African shrub or small multi-stemmed tree growing in the sandveld and widely distributed throughout the eastern parts of Southern Africa. Flowers are white with a dense central cluster of yellow anthers and resembling a small white rose. The pulp around the seeds is relished by birds.