TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Acanthus sp., Acanthus, Bear 's Breeches
Acanthus montanus

Acanthus sp.

Acanthus, Bear 's Breeches
Family: Acanthaceae
Origin: Mediterranean Basin, Asia
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageDeciduousThorny or spinySubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Acanthus montanus, also known as African mountain acanthus, False Thistle, Bear's breech, Mountain Thistle, and Alligator Plant, is a thinly branched unusual perennial with interesting foliage, basal clusters of oblong to lance-shaped glossy, dark green leaves reaching up to 12 inches long. The leaves have silver marks and wavy margins. It produces showy pink flowers in the summer to fall. It is said it is cold hardy to zone 9. The plant looks better in filtered light.

Several species, especially A. balcanicus, A. spinosus and A. mollis, are grown as ornamental plants.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acanthus_sp.htm

Acer japonicum, Amur maple, Downy Japanese maple, Fullmoon maple
Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium'

Acer japonicum

Amur maple, Downy Japanese maple, Fullmoon maple
Family: Sapindaceae
Origin: Japan
Can be used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterOrnamental foliageRed/crimson/vinous flowersDeciduousSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Acer japonicum is a small deciduous tree growing to 5-10 m (rarely 15 m) tall, with a trunk up to 40 cm in diameter. In cultivation, it is often only a shrubby tree with multiple trunks joining at ground-level. In autumn, the leaves turn bright orange to dark red.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acer_japonicum.htm

Acer palmatum, Japanese maple, Palmate maple, Smooth Japanese maple

Acer palmatum

Japanese maple, Palmate maple, Smooth Japanese maple
Family: Sapindaceae
Origin: Japan
Can be used for bonsaiBig tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterOrnamental foliageDeciduousSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Acer palmatum includes thousands of named cultivars with a variety of forms, colors, leaf types, sizes, and preferred growing conditions. Heights of mature specimens range from 0.5 to 25 m (1.5 to 82 ft), depending on type.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acer_palmatum.htm

Acer sp., Red Maple, Soft Maple
Acer negundo 'Argenteo-notatum'

Acer sp.

Red Maple, Soft Maple
Family: Sapindaceae
Can be used for bonsaiBig tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterOrnamental foliageDeciduousSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

Maple is a widespread deciduous tree popular in eastern North America.

Many of its features, especially its leaves, are quite variable in form. Among these features it is best known for its brilliant deep scarlet foliage in autumn. Red Maple is adaptable to a very wide range of site conditions. It can be found growing in swamps, on poor dry soils, and most anywhere in between. Elevation is also not a limiting factor in its range. Due to its attractive fall foliage and pleasing form, it is often used as a shade tree for landscapes. It is used commercially on a small scale for maple syrup production as well as for its medium to high quality lumber. It is the State Tree of Rhode Island. It is very cold hardy.

Maple is a very popular plant in Japan and a subject for bonsai. Autumn in Japan is celebrated with colorful autumn leaves known as momijigari. The foliage of trees light up the Japanese landscape. Scarlet Japanese maples flash against emerald conifers, this is the beauty of momijigari as you view the spectacular colors of changing leaves.

The maples have long been known to be closely related to the family Sapindaceae.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acer_sp.htm

Achetaria azurea, Otacanthus caeruleus, Brazilian Snapdragon, Amazon Blue

Achetaria azurea, Otacanthus caeruleus

Brazilian Snapdragon, Amazon Blue
Family: Plantaginaceae
Origin: Brazil
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterBlue/lavender/purple flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Free branching spreading small shrub with bluish mauve flowers with white eye. Leaves are very fragrant resembling pine scent. Everbloomer. Prefers acid soil.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/achetaria_azurea.htm
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