TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Canella winterana, Winter Cinnamon, Wild Cinnamon

Canella winterana

Winter Cinnamon, Wild Cinnamon
Family: Canellaceae
Origin: Florida, Tropical America
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterOrnamental foliageFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

During the growing season, regular watering and full sun exposure will help Canella winterana reach its full potential.

In areas with a USDA Hardiness Zone of at least 9, Canella winterana is a showy ornamental with its eye-catching foliage and clusters of fragrant flowers and fruits. The large shrub typically grows up to 5-10 feet in height, while it can reach up to 20 feet if a small tree. Mature trees can withstand temperatures into the 30s F for a short time, and so are suitable for cold winter regions where temperatures stay above the freezing mark.

Canella winterana can also be grown near the sea since it is salt tolerant. This particular species does best in moist soils but does not withstand flooding. If planting in a container or pot, ensure it has plenty of drainage holes, as well as a soil mix that retains some moisture. Additional fertilizer may also be necessary for optimal foliage growth and flowers. Pruning should also be done to ensure it remains in the desired shape and size.

In addition to its ornamental uses, Canella winterana is also an ethnomedical plant with historically used as a spice and herb to treat certain ailments. In modern times it may still be used as an aromatic, fragrant spice and herb in teas and food.



Canella winterana, Winter Cinnamon, Wild Cinnamon
Canella winterana, Winter Cinnamon, Wild Cinnamon
Canella winterana, Winter Cinnamon, Wild Cinnamon


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/canella_winterana.htm

Capparis decidua, Karira, Retama Caper

Capparis decidua

Karira, Retama Caper
Family: Capparaceae
Origin: Africa, Middle East, Southern Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsPink flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantSpice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Native to the regions of Africa, Middle East, and Southern Asia, Capparis decidua is a large shrub or small tree ranging in height from 5-20 feet tall depending on how much it is pruned. It has a moderate water requirement and is able to flourish in dry conditions. It is deciduous, with delicate pink flowers appearing throughout much of the year. As an ethnomedical plant, this species is capable of bringing a valuable range of medicinal resources.

Known as "Karira" in its native habitats, this species is often used as a spice or herb, adding a delicious flavor to traditional dishes. It is a perfect addition to any garden setting and is sure to attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Grown in USDA Zone 9-11, Capparis decidua is well suited to many climates.

The ideal environment for Capparis decidua is one that receives plenty of full sun and can be grown in large pots in cold regions. The soil should be well-drained but hold some moisture, though it can also be grown in sandy soils if watered judiciously. It is important to prune young plants regularly to help them to develop a strong shape, and mulch at the base of the plant to help retain moisture. Additionally, during the growing season it is beneficial to fertilize the plants every few weeks to aid healthy growth.



Capparis decidua, Karira, Retama Caper
Capparis decidua, Karira, Retama Caper


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/capparis_decidua.htm

Capsicum chinense, Yellow Lantern Chili

Capsicum chinense

Yellow Lantern Chili
Family: Solanaceae
Origin: Central America
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersIrritatingSpice or herbSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Capsicum chinense is a small shrub native to Central America that grows 2-5 ft tall. It thrives in full sun, but can tolerate some semi-shade. It produces white or off-white flowers which can be mildly irritating to the skin. This plant is a spice or herb and is cold hardy in USDA Zone 9-11.

In cold regions, it is best to grow Capsicum chinense in pots. To do so, use a large pot with good quality soil that is well-drained and amended with organic matter such as compost. Add a layer of mulch on top of the soil to retain moisture and protect the roots in the winter. Place the pot in an area with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day and water regularly, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Fertilize once a month during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer. For winter care, move the pot inside or to a sheltered area to prevent the roots from freezing. If temperatures drop below freezing, cover the pot with a blanket or other insulating material for added protection.

Capsicum chinense and its varieties have long been used in Yucatan and Caribbean cooking to add heat to traditional dishes. One well-known cultivar of this plant is the Carolina Reaper. The pepper is red and gnarled, with a bumpy texture and small pointed tail. In 2013, it was declared the hottest chili pepper in the world by Guinness World Records.

Another unique variety of Capsicum chinense is the Biquinho Pepper. This pepper is likely an ancient hybrid of Capsicum annuum and Capsicum chinense, and is native to an area of South America where Western Brazil and Eastern Peru meet. The small, bright orange to red fruits are known for their intense habanero flavor, although they typically have little or no heat. In recent years, the Biquinho Pepper has become popular in South America, especially in Rio, and is often pickled and served as a snack with caviar. It is also a great addition to salsas, guacamoles, and Bloody Marys.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/capsicum_chinense.htm

Capsicum annuum x chinense - Biquinho Pepper

An exceptionally distinct pepper, it is likely an ancient hybrid of Capsicum annuum (bird pepper) and Capsicum chinense (habanero group).
While of small size (something around an inch or so long), these oddly shaped bright orange to finally red fruits are prolifically produced along the branches of compact plants with small leaves.
What separates this variety from others is its unique flavor which packs quite a bang! Not because of its heat (because our strain has either no heat what-so-ever, or so little it is hard to even detect), but because of its intense fruity habanero flavor.
If one who knows that distinct habanero super fruit flavor (which is then normally followed by the heat blast), then tries a biquinho pepper, the flavor is so distinctly habanero that when the heat blast doesn
Shipped at customers risk, no replacements or refunds. Leaf drop possible. We guarantee healthy plant to be shipped and the best packaging. Express shipping optional.
By clicking here you agree to the sale conditions


RECOMMENDED FERTILIZER:
SUNSHINE C-Cibus - Crop Nutrition Booster
SUNSHINE-Honey - sugar booster

This item is not certified for shipping to California. Do not order it for shipping to California address.
Grown in
6 -10"/1-3 gal pot, fruiting size
 


Capsicum frutescens, Wiri Wiri Pepper

Capsicum frutescens

Wiri Wiri Pepper
Family: Solanaceae
Origin: Guyana
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersSpice or herbEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The Wiri Wiri pepper (Capsicum frutescens) is a small plant, growing from 2-5 feet tall and wide. It is best grown in full sun, but can take a semi-shade area if necessary. This bush needs regular watering, especially when the outside temperatures are high. While not the most beautiful of flowers, the Wiri Wiri produces white, off-white blooms which turn into small spicy fruits. It is both a spice and a herb, and its fruits are edible; offering a unique taste and a powerful kick. The mature plant is cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time; making it suitable for homeowners in USDA Zone 9-11. It is an early producer of spicy fruits, with a single plant offering up to two dozen ripe peppers at a time.

The Wiri Wiri peppers offer a very unique flavor that is hard to find in other spices or herbs. The high concentration of vitamins and minerals make it a much sought after ingredient, especially for its health benefits. It is believed that Wiri Wiri peppers promote weight loss, undo nutritional deficiencies, fight fatigue, boost immunity, prevent strokes, reduce cholesterol, improve eyesight, and lower blood pressure. In a single serving, Wiri Wiri peppers are packed with three times more vitamin C, iron, and potassium than bell peppers. Whether eaten raw or cooked in your favorite dish, Wiri Wiri peppers can give a much-needed boost to any diet.

In cold regions, the Wiri Wiri pepper can be successfully grown in large pots. For best results, the pot should be fertilized several times a year and the soil should be kept moist and well aerated. In the winter months, Wiri Wiri plants should be protected by a mulch layer and kept away from cold winter winds. If the temperatures dip too low, bringing the potted pepper indoors until the weather warms is recommended.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/capsicum_frutescens.htm

Capsicum frutescens - Wiri Wiri Pepper

Wiri Wiri Pepper. A variety from Guyana, the Wiri Wiri pepper is the illustrious gem; hard sought and rarely found. This plant produces good yields of small 1/2" berry shaped hot peppers. Peppers grow upright, are very hot, and turn from green, to orange, to red when mature.
What makes it so much different than any other hot pepper grown in the garden or bought at the store?
Hot? Yes, it is important that hot peppers are, but the people who really know, know that it is not just about heat, it is about flavor! And that is exactly what makes this little red gem so special. Guyanese dinners will only take one of those meals for you to never forget! The secret of their food is the flavor, and one of the cornerstone ingredients in many of their dishes is the Wiri pepper. The Guyanese population claim that it is not just a key ingredient to their diet, but also to why they are so good looking, live so long, and have such great skin.
Shipped at customers risk, no replacements or refunds. Leaf drop possible. We guarantee healthy plant to be shipped and the best packaging. Express shipping optional.
By clicking here you agree to the sale conditions


RECOMMENDED FERTILIZER:
SUNSHINE C-Cibus - Crop Nutrition Booster
SUNSHINE-Honey - sugar booster

This item is not certified for shipping to California. Do not order it for shipping to California address.
Grown in
10"/3 gal pot, fruiting size
 


Carthamus sp., Safflower, Carthamine, Sallflower, Beni, Chimichanga

Carthamus sp.

Safflower, Carthamine, Sallflower, Beni, Chimichanga
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: India to China
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Safflower is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant. Carthamus tinctorius is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds. Plants are 12 to 59 in tall with globular flower heads having yellow, orange, or red flowers.



Carthamus sp., Safflower, Carthamine, Sallflower, Beni, Chimichanga
Carthamus persicus


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/carthamus_sp.htm
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