TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Bixa orellana, Lipstick tree, Annato

Bixa orellana

Lipstick tree, Annato
Family: Bixaceae
Origin: Tropical South America
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersSpice or herbUltra tropical, minimal temperature 55F

This erect shrub with large, glossy green, prominently veined leaves that can become a small tree several feet tall. It is grown as a garden ornamental less for its pale pink flowers, which last only one day, than for its highly decorative two-valved seed pods, covered with soft, deep red hairs. The seeds inside are surrounded by orange-red arils, which yield a dye called annato that can be used in small quantities to color lipstick and foods like cheese and margarine; the dried seed pods are also effective in flower arrangements. When used as a hedge or screen, Bixa should be pruned often to encourage bush growth at the bottom of the trunk.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bixa_orellana.htm

Bixa orellana - seeds

Lipstick tree, Annato. This erect shrub with large,...  more
Ordering seeds info

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Bixa orellana - Lipstick Tree, Annato

Lipstick Tree, Annato. This erect shrub with large...  more

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This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
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Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma rotunda, Chinese Keys, Fingerroot, Lesser Galangal, Chinese Ginger

Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma rotunda

Chinese Keys, Fingerroot, Lesser Galangal, Chinese Ginger
Family: Zingiberaceae
Origin: Southeast Asia
Small plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbEdible

Boesenbergia rotunda, or Chinese Keys, is a small shrub native to Southeast Asia and grows to a height of 2-5 feet. It has large, glossy leaves, and its pink to off-white flowers are tubular and aromatic, and appear in terminal inflorescences. It is often planted for ornamental purposes, and its rhizomes are typically used as a vegetable in main dishes, or eaten raw when young.

When grown in USDA Zone 9-11, the plant should be placed in semi-shade and be given regular, but moderate watering. It is also important to give Boesenbergia rotunda an adequate amount of nitrogen to ensure its continued vitality. In colder regions, it can be grown in a pot, and should be transferred indoors during the winter.

Boesenbergia rotunda bears interesting, edible fruits, and has an impressive ethnomedical history. The small, hard fruits are often used as a spice or herb, and have a slightly sweet and sour taste. In traditional medicine, the plant is touted for its medicinal uses, and believed to have antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Eating the fruit can also directly benefit health, as it is said to improve circulation, ease stomach pain, and relieve menstrual cramps. In addition, it is thought to help improve digestion and reduce inflammation. One mature plant can produce up to sixty fruits per season.



Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma rotunda, Chinese Keys, Fingerroot, Lesser Galangal, Chinese Ginger
Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma rotunda, Chinese Keys, Fingerroot, Lesser Galangal, Chinese Ginger
Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma rotunda, Chinese Keys, Fingerroot, Lesser Galangal, Chinese Ginger


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/boesenbergia_rotunda.htm

Calendula officinalis, Pot Marigold, Scotch Marigold

Calendula officinalis

Pot Marigold, Scotch Marigold
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: South Europe
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterYellow, orange flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Calendula officinalis is an aromatic annual plant, widely cultivated for its showy, yellow or orange, rayed flower heads used in medicine, coloring, and flavoring of food. There are numerous cultivars of calendula with double flowers in colors ranging from cream to deep orange-red.

It is used for the treatment of skin disorders and pain, and as a bactericide, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/calendula_officinalis.htm

Calycanthus floridus, Sweetshrub, Carolina allspice, Strawberry shrub, Pineapple shrub

Calycanthus floridus

Sweetshrub, Carolina allspice, Strawberry shrub, Pineapple shrub
Family: Calycanthaceae
Origin: Southeast USA
USDA Zone: 4-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterRed, crimson, vinous flowersFragrantSpice or herbSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time
Calycanthus floridus are large shrubs, growing 5-10 ft tall, with bright red petals that form a vinous flowers with a sensational and delicate fragrance. Sweetshrub is a native plant to Southeast USA and does best in full sun to semi-shade and regular to moderate water with mature plants being cold hardy in USDA Zone 4-9. Caring for Calycanthus floridus in a pot can be done in cold regions. It is best to use a humus-rich soil that is moist, but not soggy, and in full sun to semi-shade. The fragrant blossoms are a great showy feature and will reward you with an exceptional scent. Calycanthus floridus is easy to grow and care for, adding a tropical feel to any garden, as well as a delightful sensory experience with its sweet aroma.



Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/calycanthus_floridus.htm

Calyptranthes pallens, Spicewood, Pale Lidflower

Calyptranthes pallens

Spicewood, Pale Lidflower
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Tropical America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantSpice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Flowers appear at the beginning of the rainy season. Their fragrance escapes from hundreds of tiny blossoms to form a cloud that hovers over the area.



Calyptranthes pallens, Spicewood, Pale Lidflower
Calyptranthes pallens, Spicewood, Pale Lidflower


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/calyptranthes_pallens.htm
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