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A very small genus of tropical tree which was once referred to (and still often listed as) Carmona. The most widely known Ehretia species is the Fukien tea, a tropical shrub originating in Southern China and other parts of Southeast Asia. It is very popular for bonsai in China, but not a traditional favorite in Japan. It can be grown outdoors in warm climates, but is quite popular as an indoor bonsai.
Ehretia amoena - small tree, densely branched, olive green leathery leaves with hairs, white to pale mauve sweet smelling flowers in lax heads, fleshy edible fruits (not tasty), ethnomedical.
Ehretia obtusifolia - edible fleshy glossy orange to black fruits.
Keep well watered, reducing watering only slightly in winter. Never allow Ehretia to stand in water, or allow the soil to dry out completely.
Water hyacinth, is a distinctive floating plant that is suitable for indoor ponds and large open aquariums. It is also used as a summer plant in European garden ponds. Its size depends on the nutrients in the water and the light intensity. In open aquariums containing pure water it forms decorative miniature plants. It is now distributed all over the tropics and has become a menace, covering lake surfaces. In favourable conditions it forms an amazingly beautiful hyacinth-like flower.
Elaeagnus latifolia is a much branched, spreading, evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 Ft tall. The stems are often thorny.
The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals.
Gumi is a rounded deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub that grows to 8 ft (2.4 m) in height. It is occasionally grown in Europe and North America as an ornamental plant and for its fruit.
Silverthorn is a huge sprawling shrub that shoots scores of long branchless stems into the air during the growing season. Leaves are green on top and covered with small brown scales, the undersides are lighter and ike the fruit and bark, the undersides are coated with silvery flecks.
These tiny flowers are cream colored, bell shaped, about 0.25 in (0.6 cm) long and are held in small clusters where the leaf joins the stem. The sweet fragrance of the flowers, reminiscent of gardenia, will delight in the autumn and winter garden.
Thorny elaeagnus is fast growing, easy to care for and tolerant of a wide variety of conditions.
Water when dry for best growth, but silverthorn is able to withstand drought even in light sandy soil. Constantly wet, soggy soil will kill.
Silverthorn responds well to pruning and makes an excellent evergreen hedge and barrier. It is often planted along highways and is useful in controlling soil erosion. This adaptable plant is tolerant of salt spray and so is a good choice for coastal locations. In cooler climates, silverthorn is grown in containers and moved indoors when winter approaches.