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Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. The round leaves are gray-green to silvery and 1 to 2 inches long. The foliage has a spicy fragrance. Vitex rotundifolia occurs on coastal sites such as sandy beaches, rocky shores, and dunes.
California Fan Palm can grow 60 ft tall with a crown spread of 15 ft. The massive gray trunk is barrel shaped and ringed with old leaf scars, and may reach over 3 ft in diameter at its widest point. California Fan Palm can have up to thirty gray-green palmate (fan-shaped) leaves, each 3-6 ft across. They spread out to form a loose and open crown. The petioles (leaf stems) of mature palms are armed along the margins with curved thorns; those of young palms are largely unarmed. The individual leaflets are pendulous and swing freely in the wind. Abundant cotton-like threads on and between the leaflets persist even when the palm is mature. People often confuse W.Filifera and W.Robusta .as they are quite similar, particularly when small. The main distinguishing features are that Filifera is shorter and fatter, more big thorns and has cotton threads even when old. Robusta is much more slender, almost no thorns and only has cotton threads when young. W.Filifera is surprisingly cold hardy and will survive a Southern UK winter with slight protection when the plant is about 3 feet tall. A fantastic palm for the beginner, quick and easy to grow from seed (germinate in about 2 weeks) and a must have for the tropical garden. The seeds of California Fan Palm are small cm in diameter, they germinate very easily in a warm place compared to other palms. Washingtonia seeds will typically take about 10 to 21 days to germinate and sprout above the ground, if planted about 1" below the surface. For best results place some soil in a small plastic bag and hang in a warm place in your house. Prefers full sun when large, well drained situation with regular watering.
Form: tall palm with fan fronds and thin trunk. Size: 75ft or more, frond spread 10-12ft, trunk diameter may be only 12-14in. Leaves: fan 3-4ft wide, petioles are typically toothed, bright green. Flowers: large stalks extend beyond fronds with small white/cream flowers, bloom in early summer. Fruit: pea-sized black/blue seed. Stems/Trunks: distinctively narrow, sways in wind. Hardiness: leaf damage at 20°F, recovers quickly; hard freezes may completely kill even mature specimens Landscape: skyline, tree silhouette, tropical effect Culture: full sun, rapidly grows above all other canopy. Water: moderate, deep, drought tolerant; best on once per month. Propagation: seed from isolated source; hybridizes readily . Maintenance: high; frond removal, trunk shaving, will sometimes self shave if leaves fall off cleanly grows rapidly (6ft per year). When young most people prefer shaved trunk look, frond removal and shaving best done professionally. Tolerates soils and drought. Vulnerable to root rot in wet soils.
Westringia fruticosa is extremely hardy plant that will tolerate almost any situation. The flowers are white or blue, hairy and have the upper petal divided into two lobes.
This is one of the most beautiful, exciting and useful plants among fragrant tropicals. A very fragrant, enchanting shrub, flowers are fruity scented, pendant, are born along its twiggy branches. Foliage is thin and slightly hairy, it can flower almost all year, easy to prune for shape and size. It is widely planted near and around temples and homes for its stunning fragrance. Prefers well draining soil, partial to full sun. A truly remarkable site! It has always been a popular ornamental tree in temples and houses. In Thailand, it is probably the most popular plant, you can see it everywhere along the streets planted in ground as a specimen, a hedge or potted, it belongs to every garden! This plant is sacred among Buddists. Fruits are paired pods, 9" long. Wrightia is easy to maintain and requires minimum supervision but needs constant watering only. Wrightia is cold sensitive and becomes deciduous under 65F, it might look ugly in winter in cooler zones (hardy to zone 9). In warm subtropical and tropical climates it stays evergreen and blooms year round. Because of its fast growth rate Wrightia can be trained into a bonsai tree within a short period of time. It can be easily trained and wired into odd and weird shapes. Traditionally used as medicinal herb. Roots are used to cure skin disease. There are many varieties and cultivars of wrightia.