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Propagated by cuttings of the half-ripened wood taken from the side shoots of the plant any time from March to September; but as the points of these side shoots bear the blossoms and fruit, they are not well adapted for making good plants. To obtain the best plants, the largest, ripest, and best-colored berries they should be sown early in spring; as soon as gathered, in a wide-mouthed pot or seed pan; well drained and filled with loam and peat in equal parts and adding some sand, and plunged in bottom heat, the soil being kept moderately moist. The seeds will germinate in a few weeks after sowing, and when about 2in. high, the strongest seedlings should be selected and placed in 3in. pots, the same mixture of soil being used, with the addition of a fourth part well decomposed manure.
This is an evergreen, rosemary-like shrub that can grow up to 8 or 10 feet tall and appear even somewhat tree-like in appearance. It is native to beach dunes, coastal grassland, coastal scrub and coastal strand from Florida, is drought- and highly salt-tolerant and useful for wildlife.
A native of eastern India and Bangladesh, this vigorous twiner will grow 30 ft (9 m) or more into the treetops, but can be trained over a post or stump and kept trimmed to a moundlike form. A dense white down covers both young stems and leaf undersides. The leaves are ovate-cordate, to 1 foot across, white tomentose beneath with lateral veins conspicuous on the undersides. Tight clusters of trumpet-shaped bright pink flowers about 2 in (5 cm) across on pedicels to 6 inches long appear among the foliage in spring and summer. In a tropical climate cultivation is simple, the plants making very vigorous growth in a sunny position in moist soil. In cooler climates they can be grown in a sunny conservatory, but due to their rampant growth will need frequent cutting back. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Used medicinally in India. The roots and seeds of Elephant Creeper have been used as a support of the nervous system, a geriatric tonic and mild aphrodisiac. The whole plant is reported to have purifying properties. It is also taken to help maintain healthy joints.
Also known by its common name in India as "Manorangini" and "Hara-champa" or "Kantali champa". Woody climber, can become dense evergreen shrub bearing extremely fragrant canary yellow or light green flowers, turning yellow with age. Absolutely intoxicating fragrance! A medium size vine 8 to 10'. Once picked flowers are very long lasting and hold the scent for days, if kept in water, permeating an entire room.
Usually a small shrubby tree, but has been seen up to 12ft. It has spectacular flushes of limp reddish new growth which slowly turns pale green as it matures. Fleshy red aril is common in Sapinds, an adaptation to attract fruity-eating birds.