TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Turnera ulmifolia, Turnera angustifolia, Turnera diffusa , Yellow Alder, Sundrops, Damiana

Turnera ulmifolia, Turnera angustifolia, Turnera diffusa

Yellow Alder, Sundrops, Damiana
Family: Turneraceae
Origin: Mexico and Central America
Large shrub 5-10 ftGroundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterDry conditionsYellow/orange flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Blossoms open at sunrise and close at sunset.

Close related species - Turnera diffusa, Turnera aphrodisiaca (Damiana), highly valued medicinal plant.

stimulant, smoked or extract drunk in water or , more effective, alcohol. Contain essential oil, tannin and other active ingredients. Damiana is one of the more notorious herbal aphrodisiacs and has the reputation of being a superlative sexual tonic. It is a mood-elevating aromatic herb that helps calm anxiety and induce a relaxed state of mind, considered especially useful when anxiety and depression are discouraging sexual arousal. Damiana lends a delightful energy and flavor to wines and sundry other erotic potions.

See article about this plant: Turnera - Aphrodisiac Superherb





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/turnera_ulmifolia.htm

Turnera ulmifolia Sundrop - Yellow Buttercup

Yellow Buttercup, Sundrops. Low growing everblooming shrub, great butterfly attractor. Blossoms open at sunrise and close at sunset. Highly valued medicinal plant.
See article about this plant: Turnera - Aphrodisiac Superherb

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Uniola paniculata, Sea Oats, Seaside Oats, Arana, Arroz de Costa

Uniola paniculata

Sea Oats, Seaside Oats, Arana, Arroz de Costa
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsOrnamental foliageSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Tall subtropical grass that is an important component of coastal sand dune and beach plant communities in the southeastern United States, eastern Mexico and some Caribbean islands. Its large seed heads that turn golden brown in late summer give the plant its common name. Its tall leaves trap wind-blown sand and promote sand dune growth, while its deep roots and extensive rhizomes act to stabilize them, so the plant helps protect beaches and property from damage due to high winds, storm surges and tides. It also provides food and habitat for birds, small animals and insects.

Uniola paniculata is a tall, erect perennial grass that can grow to 3 to 6 ft in height. The seeds are dispersed by wind and can be carried long distances by storms and ocean currents, but reproduction commonly occurs vegetatively by forming buds around stem bases. The plant forms dense surface roots and penetrating deep roots that are colonized by beneficial organisms such as micorrhizal fungi. Rhizomes are elongate and produce extensive lateral growth. They root readily when buried in sand.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/uniola_paniculata.htm

Vaccinium macrocarpon, Oxycoccus macrocarpus, Large Cranberry, American Cranberry, Bearberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon, Oxycoccus macrocarpus

Large Cranberry, American Cranberry, Bearberry
Family: Ericaceae
Origin: North America
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeKeep soil moistPink flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Vaccinium macrocarpon is the major source of cultivated cranberries. It is an evergreen shrub growing under 1 ft and as wide as 3-4 ft at a medium rate. Best grown in damp, acidic (pH 4.0-5.2), organically rich, well-drained soil in full sun. Self-pollinating.

The commercially grown cranberry is a low-growing vine which is grown in wet bogs that periodically can be flooded to provide winter protection, control weeds and pests, and facilitate harvesting of the crop.

Cranberry can be grown in garden soil in somewhat the same manner as blueberries. It features fuchsia-pink flowers in spring which give way to bright red cranberries that mature in September-October. If massed, plants can form a carpet of green foliage. This plant can be grown for the food crop, as an ornamental or both.

Cranberries are typically subject to chlorosis problems if soil pH is too high.

Grow in the fruit or vegetable garden for the food crop. Ornamentally, may be grown as a small scale ground cover for sunny areas or in the shrub or mixed border in front of other acid-loving plants such as azaleas and rhododendrons.

It is very cold hardy (zone 3-9).



Vaccinium macrocarpon, Oxycoccus macrocarpus, Large Cranberry, American Cranberry, Bearberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon, Oxycoccus macrocarpus, Large Cranberry, American Cranberry, Bearberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon, Oxycoccus macrocarpus, Large Cranberry, American Cranberry, Bearberry


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/vaccinium_macrocarpon.htm

Vanda sp., Vanda Orchid

Vanda sp.

Vanda Orchid
Family: Orchidaceae
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftVine or creeperFull sunSemi-shadeEpiphyteModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersBlue/lavender/purple flowersUnusual colorRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Vandas have about 50 species, from which the many hybrids are derived from the tropics Asia and the orient as far down as Australia, they require warm growing conditions with plenty of bright light. Normally they grow best suspended in wooden baskets. They need lots of light, but will still burn when the sun reaches them through glass, so some shading is necessary, the correct level of shading has been reached when on a sunny day, your hand will cast a shadow on the plant but without a definate edge. Grow them high up, but dont forget to give them good air circulation.

Vandas like it hot, minimum night temps may fall to 55 deg. as long as the plant is thoroughly dry by nightfall and daytime temperatures in the 80s is quite ok.

See Orchid page for pictures of different orchids and care info.

Intergeneric hybrids:

Ascocenda (Ascocentrum x Vanda)

Aranda (Arachnis x Vanda)

Mokara (Arachnis x Ascocentrum x Vanda)

Kagawara (Ascocentrum x Renanthera x Vanda)

The Vanda Alliance is made up mostly of warm- and full-sun-growing orchids with colorful flowers. Originating in tropical Asia, they are easily grown in warm climates.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/vanda_sp.htm

Verbena sp., Verbena

Verbena sp.

Verbena
Family: Verbenaceae
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersBlue/lavender/purple flowersRed/crimson/vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Garden Verbenas are a large group of hybrids, with mainly Verbena peruviana and Verbena platensis in their parentage. They grow well in desert dry summer heat, they tend to get mildew in more humid weathers. They are good bedding and edge plant, in hot desert locations, they also make a good ground cover.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/verbena_sp.htm
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