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Seeded breadfruit is a large tree, to 100 feet tall, with large, spreading branches and a straight trunk with smooth gray bark. Leaves large, 16-20 inches wide and 24-35 inches long, with shallow lobes. All parts of the tree contain abundant white latex. Monecious, with axillary inflorescences. Male inflorescence elongated, 1-1.5 inches wide and 6-10 inches long, female inflorescence globose, 2-3 inches wide and 3-4 inches long. Fruits large, spheroid, 4-12 inches in diameter, green and covered with soft spines. Fruits contain between 20-60 rounded or flattened seeds, about 1 inch long. Immature fruits are cooked as a vegetable with coconut milk. Seeds are soft, edible and delicious, and may be boiled or roasted.
The largest tree-borne fruit in the world, reaching 80 pounds in weight and up to 36 inches long and 20 inches in diameter. The interior of the fruit consists of large edible bulbs of yellow, sweet, banana-flavored aromatic flesh. As the fruit ripen at the bottom of the trunk, this tree can be (and should be) pruned annually to 7-12' producing as much as 200 Lbs of fruit per year. Seedlings start fruiting within 3-4 years. Mature Jackfruit tree produces hundreds of pounds of fruit every year. Fruit ripen pretty quickly, 4-6 months from flower to maturity.
The tree is not as cold sensitive as it is thought to be, according to our experience. Mature trees can take some light freeze, smaller plants must be protected. Of course the compact size of the tree (especially when heavily pruned) makes cold protection much easier. Trees can be covered in case of cold, or even grown in large pots in cooler climates. You can't buy this in grocery store, so growing your own is the only option to try this tropical deliciousness! The plant requires soil rich of organic matter and regular watering. See article about Artocarpus heterophyllus
It is a slow-growing, slender tree that can be grown as an ornamental specimen plant due to its erect growing habit and attractive long slender leaves. The round fruits have a velvety, brownish, thin, tender skin. The fruit is best when harvested from the tree completely ripe. When mature the pulp is orange-red to red, soft, acid to subacid and of an excellent flavor. They say it is the ugliest fruit but the best flavor! The fruit can be seedless or may contain 1 to 7 small pale seeds. The pulp is delicious eaten raw or can be preserved or sundried. Self pollinating, ripening from February to April. The trees are not as cold sensitive as jackfruit or breadfruit and tolerate light frost.
See Article about Artocarpus hypargyraeus.
Artocarpus integer, more commonly known as the Chempedak tree, is species of small tree native to Malaysia and Indonesia. It can grow up to 10-20 feet tall and prefers full sun to semi-shade. It requires regular watering but should be kept in a pot in cooler regions for better frost protection.
It is known for its hardiness and its ability to withstand temperatures of at least 30° Fahrenheit for a short time, making it suitable for USDA zones 9 through 11. The mature plant is cold hardy and its leaves are evergreen.
The fruits of the Artocarpus integer are medium sized, growing between 5 and 7 inches long, smooth to the touch, and generally more cylindrical in shape than its cousin, the Jackfruit. Inside, the pulp is sweet and juicy, but also creamy. It is much less fibrous and acidic than the Jackfruit, making it an optimal choice for eating fresh and even making ice cream! The young fruits are also sometimes eaten as vegetables.
The Chempedak tree produces around 100 fruits per year. With such an abundance, this fruit tree can provide plenty of health benefits. Not only is it relatively low in calories, it's packed with vitamins and minerals like vitamin C, potassium, folate, and protein, making it a great snack or ingredient to add to any meal.
Large forest tree. Yellow, 2-4" velvety skinned fruit related to the jackfruit.
Propagation: By seed, whose viability lasts only a week.