TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Annona cherimola, Cherimoya, Chirimoya, Custard Apple

Annona cherimola

Cherimoya, Chirimoya, Custard Apple
Family: Annonaceae
Origin: Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterEdible

Commercially grown in Australia, South America, Asia, Spain, Italy, and California. The cherimoya is often considered one of the best-tasting fruits in the world. Its rich and creamy pulp with a sweet fruity flavor, makes an excellent dessert fruit. Almost exclusively eaten fresh, out of hand. The pulp does not store well and the fruit is only available fresh. Seeds are toxic and when crushed can be used as an insecticide. This plant is subtropical and when full-grown can survive to 25F. Young trees are susceptible to frost. Cherimoya prefers a summer temperature of 65-80F, and a winter temperature of 41-65F. Trees are fast-growing, producing fruit from seed in 3-4 years. Flowers are formed in small groups along the branches. A single flower first opens as female, which lasts for 36 hours, followed by a male stage, lasting for another 36 hours. Flowers are almost never pollinated by their own pollen, and without proper pollinators which do not exist outside its native range, cherimoya must be hand pollinated. Tree blooms from late winter to early summer, followed by fruit which ripen from October to May. Fruits are large, from 4-8" long, and sometimes weighing over 5 pounds. Harvest fruits when skin turns slightly yellow or pale green, or when skin gives a little to touch.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/annona_cherimola.htm

Annona cherimola - Cherimoya El Bumpo

El Bumpo gets its name because the large fruit with very few seeds has large lumps. The fruit has a wonderful

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Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa, Atemoya

Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa

Atemoya
Family: Annonaceae
Origin: West Tropical Africa
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterDeciduousEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Atemoyas are small-to-medium-size trees growing to about twenty-five to thirty feet at maturity with about the same spread. Flowers are produced along with new growth in the spring following a winter dormancy period, and the fruit usually begin maturing in late August through the end of October. Atemoyas look very similar in some cases to sugar apples, except they have a smoother skin and the individual segments aren't quite as obvious. Most atemoyas have fewer seeds, too, than sugar apples, which makes them a lot easier to eat as a fresh fruit. Read more about this fruit tree.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/annona_atemoya.htm

Annona diversifolia, Annona ilama, Illama, Annona blanca

Annona diversifolia

Annona ilama, Illama, Annona blanca
Family: Annonaceae
Origin: in Mexico, El Salvador, and Guatemala
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterEdibleUltra tropical, min. temperature 55F

It is a rare Anonna. Large fruit, sometimes over 6" long, having similarities in both shape and size to the Annona cherimola. The rind tends to be either green or pink-purple, with white or pinkish flesh respectively. Some varieties have deep red flesh. Flavor is said to be excellent in many varieties, rivaling that of the cherimoya and sugar apple. Ilama is the most cold sensitive of all the Annona. Typically fruits mature from July to December. The fruit is almost always eaten raw, out of hand. It grows best in climates having a dry season, followed by heavy rainfall. Ilama fruits perish within days of harvest and the fruit transports very poorly, hence its relative obscurity to much of the world.



Annona diversifolia, Annona ilama, Illama, Annona blanca
Annona diversifolia, Annona ilama, Illama, Annona blanca


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/annona_diversifolia.htm

Annona glabra, Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Monkey Apple

Annona glabra

Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Monkey Apple
Family: Annonaceae
Origin: West Indies
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterYellow/orange flowersEdibleFlood tolerant

Pond apple (Annona glabra) native to swamplands of the southeastern United States. Although not as tasty as its tropical relatives (usually eaten raw, but sometimes made into jellies and wine), pond apple provides an important food source for wildlife of this region. Pond apple's can stand immense flooding and spend weeks at a time with their roots under water. The pond apple is very useful as a rootstock for other Annona species.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/annona_glabra.htm

Annona hayesii , Wild Cherimoya, Canelo
Annona hayesii seeds

Annona hayesii

Wild Cherimoya, Canelo
Family: Annonaceae
Origin: Panama
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersEdible


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/annona_hayesii.htm
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