TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Acokanthera oblongifolia, Acokanthera spectabilis, Carissa spectabilis, Bushman's Poison, Wintersweet

Acokanthera oblongifolia, Acokanthera spectabilis, Carissa spectabilis

Bushman's Poison, Wintersweet
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: South Africa
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantPoisonous or toxic

This shrub is one of three members of the genus, Acokanthera. It belongs to the same family as many popular subtropical ornamental plants such as frangipani, allamanda and oleander, as well as the impala lily and num-num. This family is characterized by having sweetly scented flowers and sticky, milky sap which is very poisonous. The Bushman's poison is a hardy drought. It's a frost resistant, evergreen shrub that tolerates full sun but prefers shade, it also does well as a container plant.



Acokanthera oblongifolia, Acokanthera spectabilis, Carissa spectabilis, Bushman's Poison, Wintersweet
Acokanthera oblongifolia, Acokanthera spectabilis, Carissa spectabilis, Bushman's Poison, Wintersweet
Acokanthera oblongifolia, Acokanthera spectabilis, Carissa spectabilis, Bushman's Poison, Wintersweet


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acokanthera_oblongifolia.htm

Acokanthera oppositifolia, Bushman's Poison

Acokanthera oppositifolia

Bushman's Poison
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: South Africa
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Poisonous or toxicSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This shrub is one of three members of the genus, Acokanthera. It belongs to the same family as many popular sub-tropical, ornamental plants such as frangipani, allamanda and oleander, as well as the impala lily and num-num. This family is characterized by having sweetly scented flowers, and sticky, milky sap which is often poisonous. The Bushman's poison is a hardy drought and frost resistant evergreen shrub. It tolerates full sun but prefers shade. It also does well as a container plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acokanthera_oppositifolia.htm

Actinidia deliciosa, Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi Fruit
Female flower

Actinidia deliciosa

Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi Fruit
Family: Actinidiaceae
Origin: China
Vine or creeperFull sunRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersYellow/orange flowersFragrantDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Kiwifruit is native to southern China, and has been declared the national fruit of that country. Other species of Actinidia are also found in China and range east to Japan and north into southeastern Siberia. The true Chinese gooseberry (A. sinensis) is native to China. Almost all kiwifruit in commerce belong to a few cultivars of Actinidia deliciosa, and those fruit that we find at local markets is grown in New Zealand. This name "kiwifruit" comes from the kiwi - a brown flightless bird and New Zealand's national symbol, and also a colloquial name for the New Zealand people.

The oblong fruits are up to 3" long. The russet-brown skin of the fruits is densely covered with short, stiff brown hairs. The flesh is firm until fully ripen; it is glistening, juicy and luscious. The color of the flesh is bright-green, or sometimes yellow, brownish or off-white, except for the white, succulent center from which radiate many fine, pale lines.

This lovely twiner with its fuzzy leaves, is ideal for trellis growing. The plant is a vigorous, woody vine (liana) or climbing shrub. Young leaves are coated with red hairs; mature leaves are dark-green and hairless on the upper surface, downy-white with prominent, light-colored veins beneath. The flowers are fragrant, dioecious or bisexual. Male and female flowers appear on different plants and both sexes have to be planted in close proximity for fruit set. Bees are normally used by commercial orchards, although the more labor intensive hand pollination is sometimes employed. Male flowers are gathered and processed to extract their pollen. This is then sprayed back on to the female flowers.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/actinidia_deliciosa.htm

Actinidia deliciosa - seeds

Kiwi Fruit. This lovely twiner with its fuzzy leaves, is ideal for trellis growing. The plant is a vigorous, woody vine (liana) or climbing shrub. The flowers are fragrant, dioecious or bisexual. Male and female flowers appear on different plants and both sexes have to be planted in close proximity for fruit set.
Ordering seeds info

RECOMMENDED SUPPLIES:
Seed Germination Mix #3, professional grade
SUNSHINE-Epi - Seeds and cuttings booster
SUNSHINE Bombino - Young Plant Booster
Per pack: 12 seeds
In stock
$8.95
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Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia, Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki

Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia

Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: India
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterYellow/orange flowersFragrantIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

A medium-sized tree up to 15 m high, Adenanthera pavonina is native to India and Malaysia. It has been planted extensively throughout the tropics as an ornamental and has become naturalized in many countries.

The tiny flowers are said to smell vaguely like orange blossoms.

The slender flattened pods become twisted as they split open at maturity to release up to 12 brilliant red, lens - shaped, extremely hard seeds. The ripened pods stay on the tree for some time. The seeds are used in necklaces and ornaments, as beads in jewellery, leis and rosaries. They were also used in ancient India for weighing gold. The seeds are curiously similar in weight. Four seeds make up about one gramme. In fact the name "saga" is traced to the Arabic term for "goldsmith".

In Malaysia and Indonesia, the trees provide shade and planted as "nurse trees" in coffee, clove and rubber plantations.

Although the raw seeds are toxic, when cooked they are edible: are roasted, shelled and then eaten with rice in Java, Indonesia. In Melanesia and Polynesia people call it the "food tree". The seeds are said to taste like soy bean. The young leaves can be cooked and eaten, but usually only during famine.

The hard reddish wood of the red sandalwood tree is used for cabinet making. A red dye, obtained from the wood, is used by Brahmins to mark religious symbols on their foreheads. A red powder made from the wood is used as an antiseptic paste. In Ancient Indian medicine, the ground seeds are used to treat boils and inflammations. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat gout and rheumatism. The bark was used to wash hair.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adenanthera_pavonina.htm

Adenanthera pavonina - seeds

Red Sandalwood, Saga. Popular Indian tree with many uses. The tiny flowers are said to smell vaguely like orange blossoms. The seeds are used in necklaces and ornaments, as beads in jewellery, leis and rosaries. In Malaysia and Indonesia, the trees provide shade and planted as "nurse trees" in coffee, clove and rubber plantations. Seeds are roasted and then eaten with rice in Java, Indonesia. In Melanesia and Polynesia people call it the "food tree". The seeds are said to taste like soy bean. A red powder made from the wood is used as an antiseptic paste.
Plant seeds 1" deep in otting mix, keep warm, damp and in bright light. Scarify to expedite germination.
Ordering seeds info

RECOMMENDED SUPPLIES:
Seed Germination Mix #3, professional grade
SUNSHINE-Epi - Seeds and cuttings booster
SUNSHINE Bombino - Young Plant Booster
Per pack: 4 large seeds
In stock
$8.95
Free shipping


Adenia glauca, Adenia

Adenia glauca

Adenia
Family: Passifloraceae
Origin: Southern Africa, Botswana
CaudexLarge shrub 5-10 ftVine or creeperSmall shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeYellow/orange flowersFragrantIrritating

This is a mature plant, it has a very thick, green caudex. The flowers are lemon colored, and are sweetly scented.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adenia_glauca.htm
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