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This vigorous vine with long narrow flowers resembling pipes is widely distributed from the Himalaya to Sri Lanka through South East Asia (includes Myanmar, Indonesia, Indochina, and Thailand) and China, to Oceania (includes the whole of Malesia, the Solomon Islands and Queensland in Australia). The species is found in forests and open lowland thickets, climbing over bushes and trees.
The caterpillars of two rare butterflies, the Common Birdwing and Common Rose, feed on the leaves of this plant.
The species is used medicinally. The Malays pound the leaves, apply it to the head to treat fever. In Indonesia, poultice are made with leaves of the species; it is applied to the swollen abdomen or limbs. In the Philippines, snake bites and malaria is treated with the plant. In India, the roots are considered a tonic, carminative and emmenagogue. In Hong Kong, this species is under protection.
The Three-tailed Pipe Flower is a shrubby plant that occurs wild only in tropical Mexico. This truly amazing species is one of the most admirable of all Aristolochia for sure.
Pale green nepenthes shaped flowers striped tan with a long tail. Deeply lobed glossy leaves with light veins. It is quite adaptable and can be grown in subtropical areas, tropical areas, and any place where temperatures don't frequently drop below 30F. It also does well in low light conditions and can be grown indoors. Will tolerate high humidity or arid climates with little rain, although irrigation should be provided. Grow in full sun or shade.
It is pollinated by Ceratopogonid flies; these are the small, blood-sucking flies that pester humans and other mammals in the humid summer. The flowers of Aristolochia watsonii resemble a mouse's ear-translucent funnels with fur and veins-and give off a musty odor. The fly apparently expects to find a blood meal, and instead is trapped inside the flower tube overnight. During the night the flower releases pollen. The following morning the flower releases the pollen-covered fly. If the fly visits another flower it effects pollination.
This species is not really black but is as close to black as flowers get, and for that reason attract gardeners who are not deterred by its musty smell. It is the inside of the spathe that is an extremely dark purple shade, the outside being greenish white. The plant is about 18 in tall. It prefers a mild-winter climate and flowers at the end of spring.
Seed is poisonous if ingested.