TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Actinidia deliciosa, Kiwi Fruit, Chinese Gooseberry

Actinidia deliciosa

Kiwi Fruit, Chinese Gooseberry
Family: Actinidiaceae
Origin: China
USDA Zone: 7-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperFull sunRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersYellow, orange flowersFragrantDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Actinidia deliciosa (Kiwi Fruit) can grow in full sun and requires regular water. The vine or creeper is deciduous, dropping its leaves in winter. The mature plant is cold hardy in the USDA Zones 7-9. The flowers are white or off-white, and the plant attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. The flowers are fragrant, dioecious or bisexual. Male and female flowers appear on different plants and both sexes have to be planted in close proximity for fruit set.

The fruits can be eaten fresh, juiced, dried, or preserved. The health benefits of Kiwifruit are immense. It is a very good source of dietary fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, potassium and copper. It also contains vitamins A and E, folate, and some omega-3 fatty acids. One kiwifruit contains about 46 calories and provides 13 percent of the daily Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of vitamin C and, 9 percent of the RDA of dietary fiber. Actinidia deliciosa has the potential to produce hundreds of fruit if planted with another compatible and cross-pollinated variety. The plants may take 3-4 years to bear fruit, but when it matures it can produce great quantities of kiwifruit. The fruit can be harvested when the fruit turns a golden-brown color, and when it is easily plucked from the vine.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/actinidia_deliciosa.htm

Actinidia kolomikta, Kiwi

Actinidia kolomikta

Kiwi
Family: Actinidiaceae
Origin: East Asia
USDA Zone: 4-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageDeciduous plantEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Actinidia kolomikta is a vine or creeper from the Actinidiaceae family, originating from East Asia. It has decorative foliage, with leaves turning red, pink and white in the fall. The leaves are green and creamy white and can be up to 4 inches long. It is a deciduous plant, which means it loses its leaves in the winter.

Actinidia kolomikta prefers semi-shade and regular water, but can tolerate moderate water. It is a fast growing plant, reaching up to 30 ft. It requires support to grow and climb, however it will not produce fruit without both a male and female plant. It is grown in USDA Zone 4-9.

The fruit of the Actinidia kolomikta is sweet and grape-sized, with a yellow or light orange skin. The green, juicy flesh has a light, sour flavor. It can be eaten fresh or cooked, and is a good source of Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and dietary fibers. The fruit can also be used to make jams and jellies. A mature plant can produce up to 100 fruits per season, depending on the care and conditions.

Actinidia kolomikta is an edible, ornamental plant that is easy to care for and can provide a good harvest of sweet, juicy fruit.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/actinidia_kolomikta.htm

Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab

Adansonia grandidieri

Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Family: Malvaceae    (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Madagascar
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersDeciduous plantEdible

Native to Madagascar and growing with a massive, cylindrical bole, Grandidier's Baobab, Adansonia grandidieri, can be a large tree, reaching up to 80 ft tall. The tree is mostly found in a restricted area, threatening its survival due to habitat destruction and regeneration. Despite being threatened, Grandidier's Baobab remains very versatile and is popular among bonsai enthusiasts.

Grandidier's Baobab can prosper in full sun, or on rare occasions in partial shade, and needs moderate watering. If grown in cold regions, pots should be elevated to ensure better drainage and should be sheltered during winter. It has a flat-topped, light crown with few branches, and white to off-white flowers. It produces edible fruits, with oil-rich seeds, making it a valuable source of food and fiber for thatching.

Grandidier's Baobab can produce hundreds of fruits, depending on the age and weather conditions, each fruit weighing about 250g. The fruits are orange and oval-shaped with a pulp containing a few large seeds. It has a pleasant taste and can be used to make refreshing drinks, jams, salads, and other desserts. Grandidier's Baobab is also rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants such as vitamin C, phosphorus, and fiber, providing healthy benefits and being an important component of the Malagasy diet.



Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_grandidieri.htm

Adansonia gregorii, Boab, Baobab, Australian Bottle Tree

Adansonia gregorii

Boab, Baobab, Australian Bottle Tree
Family: Malvaceae    (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Northern Territory, West Australia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Adansonia gregorii is native to the northern parts of Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Once appropriate conditions are provided, it thrives in USDA zoning 9-11, and can reach up to 20 feet tall. It prefers a full sun location and regular watering, usually around 1-2 times a week. The swallow-shaped trunk, in combination with its light green leaves, gives the plant an interesting texture and an overall rounded-look.

The flowers are the showpieces of the Adansonia gregorii, ranging from off-white to white in color and bell-like in shape. They are known to attract butterflies and hummingbirds which adds a whimsical, airy feel to the garden.

The Boab tree is deciduous and sheds its leaves during the winter and spring months. Once it goes dormant in the late summer or early autumn, it is best to preserve the existing moisture level.

Adansonia gregorii is best grown in pots in colder regions. Loamy soil is preferred and watering once a week is more than enough. Depending on the climate and indoor location and temperature, the Boab tree may benefit from careful pruning to reduce its growth so it can comfortably fit in its container. Keeping the moisture level during its dormant season is essential to prevent any damage to the plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_gregorii.htm

Adansonia madagascariensis, Madagascar Baobab

Adansonia madagascariensis

Madagascar Baobab
Family: Malvaceae    (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Madagascar
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunModerate waterRed, crimson, vinous flowersDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

This tree has a unique, swollen bottle-like trunk. This deciduous tree bears large, red flowers and ball-like fruits.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_madagascariensis.htm
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