TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Adansonia digitata, Baobab, Cream of Tartar tree, Monkey-bread tree, Lemonade tree, Upside-down Tree

Adansonia digitata

Baobab, Cream of Tartar tree, Monkey-bread tree, Lemonade tree, Upside-down Tree
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: South Africa
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Regarded as the largest succulent in the world, the baobab tree is steeped in a wealth of mystique, legend and superstition wherever it occurs in Africa. It is a tree that can provide food, water, shelter, and relief from sickness. During drought, elephants obtain moisture by chewing on the wood. The stem is covered with a bark layer, which may be 50-100 mm thick. The leaves are hand-sized and divided into 5-7 finger-like leaflets. The baobab is a deciduous, meaning that in winter, it sheds all of its leaves and grows new ones in spring. The large, pendulous flowers (up to 200 mm in diameter) are white and sweetly scented ,that are pollinated by bats. They are followed by velvety fruits full of edible acidic pulp sought by both monkeys and people. In the dryer, temperate regions of Africa, Baobabs are a tree of myth and legend. Baobabs are carefully tended by rural peoples and are particularly useful: the hollow trunks of baobabs are used as dwellings and storehouses, traditional medicines are obtained from its bark, leaves, and fruit. Its bark can be pounded to produce fibers that are used to make baskets, cloth, hats, mats, nets, rope, and strings (interestingly, after the bark is stripped away, the baobab grows new bark). Its leaves are cooked and eaten as greens, and are dried for use as a seasoning and a sauce and stew thickener. Its fruit is rich in vitamin C, calcium, and iron, and is called pain de singe or monkey bread. It can be roasted, ground, and boiled to make a coffee-substitute; it is also soaked in water to make a refreshing drink, and is used as a flavoring. They will make a handsome addition to a large garden, estate, or large parkland providing the soil is not waterlogged. Baobabs cannot tolerate even mild frost. When they are young, baobabs do not resemble their adult counterparts, the stems are thin and inconspicuous, and their leaves are simple and not divided into the five to seven lobes of the adult trees. Saplings can be effectively grown in containers or tubs for many years before becoming too large and requiring to be planted into the ground.

See article about this tree.

See how to grow Baobab bonsai

Article about endangered Baobabs.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_digitata.htm

Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab

Adansonia grandidieri

Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Family: Malvaceae    (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Madagascar
Can be used for bonsaiBig tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersDeciduousEdible

Adansonia grandidieri is a deciduous tree usually growing up to 25 metres tall, though stunted plants in the south of its range are sometimes only 5 metres tall. It has a massive, cylindrical bole that can be 3 - 5 metres in diameter and serves to store water for times of drought; the bole is topped by a sparse, few-branched, flat-topped, light crown.

It provides edible fruits and oil-rich seeds as well as being a source of fibre and material for thatching. Found only in a restricted area of Madagascar, the tree is threatened by habitat destruction and, due to the low numbers of mature specimens, poor regeneration.



Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_grandidieri.htm

Adansonia gregorii, Boab, Baobab, Australian Bottle Tree

Adansonia gregorii

Boab, Baobab, Australian Bottle Tree
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Northern Territory, West Australia
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

This tree has a unique, swollen bottle-like trunk. This deciduous tree bears large, white flowers and ball-like fruits up to 10 cm in diameter. Growth starts off quickly, then slows down. It prefers a loamy soil, and has a smooth, brown to yellowish-green bark. Tropical - but reported to make an nice indoor plant while young.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_gregorii.htm

Adansonia madagascariensis, Madagascar Baobab

Adansonia madagascariensis

Madagascar Baobab
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Madagascar
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterRed/crimson/vinous flowersDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

This tree has a unique, swollen bottle-like trunk. This deciduous tree bears large, red flowers and ball-like fruits.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_madagascariensis.htm

Adansonia rubrostipa, Baobab

Adansonia rubrostipa

Baobab
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: West Coast of Madagascar
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Medium to large trees in between 17-65 feet in height. This tree can either have; sphere-like, bottle-shaped, or rarely, tapering trunks. The irregular crown, has major branches most often horizontal, rarely conical spines on upper surfaces of branches. Bark is usually reddish brown and exfoliating. Leaves occur from November to April and the Flowers Usually from February to April, at the latest in June. The fruit ripens from October to November. It has edible fruits, seeds and roots.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_rubrostipa.htm
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