TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Albizia lebbeck, Mimosa lebbeck, Womans tongue, Siris-tree, Rain tree, East Indian walnut, Kokko, Soros-tree, Raom tree

Albizia lebbeck, Mimosa lebbeck

Womans tongue, Siris-tree, Rain tree, East Indian walnut, Kokko, Soros-tree, Raom tree
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Origin: India, Burma and the Andaman Island
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersYellow/orange flowersDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Albizia lebbeck, Mimosa lebbeck is a fast-growing tree, that is susceptible to wind damage. A moderate to large, deciduous tree can grow up to 100 feet high in rain forests. The tree develops a straight trunk when it is grown in dense forests, but is spreading and low branching in the open. Unless trimmed frequently, the trees will annually produce an abundance of seed from papery pods about 8" long and 1" wide (author). Common names such as "woman's tongue" and "rattle pod" derive from the noise of pods shaking in the wind. The foliage is pale green when young and gray-green at maturity. Flowers are cream colored, hemispheric pom-poms. Seeds germinate well without scarification.

The tree is used as a folk remedy for many ailments. Another common use is as an avenue tree, and sometimes it is used to shade coffee and tea. Saponins and tannins in the bark can be used for making soap and in tanning, respectively. Bee keepers like the species for the light-colored honey its nectar provides, and the tree hosts the lac insect.





Link to this plant:
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Albizia sp., Albizia

Albizia sp.

Albizia
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersYellow/orange flowersDeciduousUnknown name

Albizia is a genus of about 150 species of mostly fast-growing subtropical and tropical trees and shrubs. The genus is pantropical, occurring in Asia, Africa, Madagascar, America and Australia, but mostly in the Old World tropics.

Species:

Albizia julibrissin

Albizia lebbeck

Albizia saman





Link to this plant:
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Aleurites moluccana, Aleurites triloba, Croton moluccanus, Candlenut oil tree, Candleberry, Varnish tree, Indian or Belgaum Walnut, Kemiri, Kukui nut tree

Aleurites moluccana, Aleurites triloba, Croton moluccanus

Candlenut oil tree, Candleberry, Varnish tree, Indian or Belgaum Walnut, Kemiri, Kukui nut tree
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: Malaysia, Polynesia, Malay Peninsula, Philippines and South Seas Islands
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersOrnamental foliageIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Kukui Nut is a medium to large sized tree with widespreading or pendulous branches. Young leaves are large, up to 12" long. Palmate, shiny leaves on mature trees are ovate, entire, and acuminate. There is a whitish substance above them when young, that becomes green with age, with rusty stellate pubescence beneath when young, and perisiting on veins. Small flowers in rusty-pubescent panicled cymes, dingy white or creamy. Fruit an indehiscent drupe, roundish, 2" or more in diameter. Bears two heavy crops each year, harvested when mature.

The kukui nut has many uses. Originally it was most valued for its light, the oil of the white kernels being extracted for its use in stone lamps and in ti leaf sheath torches. The tree is sometimes called the Candlenut Tree. The nuts are widely used as a traditional lei, both the hard shells of the polished black, tan or brown, and immature white, which are more rare. The Kukui Nut lei were worn by royalty back in the days of the Hawaiian monarchy (Alii). The kukui nut leis are finished and polished and will last for years. The bark, flowers and nuts are all used for medicine. As food, a small amount of the pounded roasted nuts, plus salt and sometimes chili peppers, is used as a relish and is called inamona. Pure Kukui Nut Oil has been used by Hawaiians for centuries to protect and heal skin exposed to harsh sun, drying winds, and salt water. Kukui Nut Oil penetrates the skin well and is said to be excellent in treating many skin conditions including psoriasis, eczema, aging skin, and acne. Bark used on tumors in Japan. The oil is purgative and sometimes used like castor oil. Kernels are laxative stimulant, and sudorific. The irritant oil is rubbed on scalp as a hair stimulant. In Malaya, the pulped kernel enters poultices for headache, fevers, ulcers, and swollen joints. In Java, the bark is used for bloody diarrhea or dysentery. Bark juice with coconut milk is used for sprue. Malayans apply boiled leaves to the temples for headache.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aleurites_moluccana.htm

Alstonia angustiloba, Pulai Tree

Alstonia angustiloba

Pulai Tree
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Southeastern Asia
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsPoisonous or toxic

Alstonia angustiloba is hardy and fast-growing tree. It has has white, strongly perfumed flowers and is cultivated as an ornamental plant.

The latex is used against shingles, boils, abcesses, and ring worm. Also used as an ingredient for chewing gum.



Alstonia angustiloba, Pulai Tree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/alstonia_angustiloba.htm

Alstonia scholaris , Blackboard Tree, Indian Devil Tree, Sapthaparni, Ditabark, Milkwood Pine, White Cheesewood

Alstonia scholaris

Blackboard Tree, Indian Devil Tree, Sapthaparni, Ditabark, Milkwood Pine, White Cheesewood
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Southeastern Asia
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsPoisonous or toxicSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This fascinating rare plant with white, strongly perfumed flowers is valued as a fast growing, impressive ornamental shade tree.

Popularly known as Devil Tree, as plant is believed to the devil's abode - probably due to the intoxicating fragrance emitted by flowering trees, especially at night.

The tree is of great cultural significance in the intellectual circle, as traditionally its leaves were awarded to scholars and teachers during convocation ceremonies by the Visva Bharati University (can't think of a better name than Alstonia scholaris!). This tradition was started by Rabindranath Tagore.

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/alstonia_scholaris.htm
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