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Xanthosoma sp., Xanthosoma
Xanthosoma robusta

Xanthosoma sp.

Family: Araceae
Origin: South America
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeBog or aquaticKeep soil moistRegular waterOrnamental foliage

he Xanthosoma species are plants of the tropical rain forest and, although in their natural habitat they grow under the forest canopy, under cultivation they are usually sown with full exposure to sunlight. They require well-drained soils and do not tolerate the permanent presence of water.

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Xanthostemon aurantiacus, Xanthostemon

Xanthostemon aurantiacus

Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: New Caledonia
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunModerate waterRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowers

A sparsely branched shrub or small tree to 3 m (10 ft.) tall from maquis vegetation in southern New Caledonia with leathery, occasionally glaucous leaves to 9 cm long that cluster at the tips of the branches. It is rather variable in the color of its flowers, which can range from greenish white to red.

Xanthostemon aurantiacus, Xanthostemon

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Xanthostemon chrysanthus, Golden Penda, Expo gold, Junjum

Xanthostemon chrysanthus

Golden Penda, Expo gold, Junjum
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Coastal rainforest in north Queensland from Townsville to Cape York
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterYellow/orange flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Xanthostemon chrysanthus, is still quite unknown outside its native country, and is pretty hard to find. This is a very desirable garden plant for warmer climates. The glorious, dense flower heads are well displayed at branches ends and are bright yellow with stunningly extended stamens reminiscent of a Bottlebrush. Flowers are sweetly fragrant and atract butterlies and hummingbirds. Bloom time in Northern hemisphere lasts from winter through early spring, which makes it especially valuable. In sub-tropical and tropical areas it flowers reliably and often within 2-3 years from seed. New leaves start out red, contrasting beautifully with older, lance shaped glossy green foliage. In native rainforest environment the tree can grow up to 40-50 ft, however in gardens it may reach only 15-20 ft. It responds well to pruning and can be easily shaped into a shrub, hedge or screen with annual pruning. Golden Penda is a favorite of birds and butterflies; it makes a good cut flower. The plant is pretty hardy, tolerates dry soil and requires almost no watering once established; however it will thrive providing moist rich soils. It can also take light frosts.

The genus name Xanthostemon comes from Greek xanthos - yellow, and stemon - a thread or stamen. The species name chrysanthus comes from Greek chrysos - gold and anthos - a flower. This plant is known as Junjum among aboriginal Australians, its hardwood used for swords, spear points and digging sticks.

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Xanthostemon verticillatus, Little Penda

Xanthostemon verticillatus

Little Penda
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Southeastern Australia
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Medium open slow growing shrub. It has very showy, cream flowers and beautiful dark green foliage. The flowers also have an attractive fragrance.

Another related tree is

Xanthostemon chrysanthus.

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Xanthostemon youngii, Crimson Penda

Xanthostemon youngii

Crimson Penda
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterRed/crimson/vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

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