TROPICAL PLANT CATALOG

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Number of plants found: 1556    Prev  Next    Go to page:  First  304  305  306  307  308  309  310  311  312

Xanthoceras sorbifolium, Shiny Leaf Yellowhorn, Goldenhorn, Chinese Flowering Chestnut

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Xanthoceras sorbifolium
Family: Sapindaceae
Shiny Leaf Yellowhorn, Goldenhorn, Chinese Flowering Chestnut
Origin: China
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersDeciduousEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Excellent small flowering tree or shrub with long-lasting green foliage. ! In Spring, it bears multitudes of flower spikes densely packed with star-shaped white flowers featuring chartreuse centers that darken to an intense scarlet.

The leaves, flowers, and seeds of Xanthoceras sorbifolium are all edible.



Xanthoceras sorbifolium, Shiny Leaf Yellowhorn, Goldenhorn, Chinese Flowering Chestnut

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Xanthoceras sorbifolium, Shiny Leaf Yellowhorn, Goldenhorn, Chinese Flowering Chestnut

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Xanthoceras sorbifolium, Shiny Leaf Yellowhorn, Goldenhorn, Chinese Flowering Chestnut

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Xanthoceras sorbifolium, Shiny Leaf Yellowhorn, Goldenhorn, Chinese Flowering Chestnut

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Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/xanthoceras_sorbifolium.htm

Xanthorrhoea sp., Grass Tree

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Xanthorrhoea australis
Xanthorrhoea sp.
Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae
Grass Tree
Origin: Australia
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsOrnamental foliageSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The name of genus Xanthorrhoea comes from the Greek Xanthos for yellow and rheo meaning flow, referring to a yellow resin exuded from the trunk of some species of Xanthorrhoea.

The Xanthorrhoea genus is part of the Xanthorrhoeaceae family, which is made up of small trees or perennials with woody stems. The leaves are tough and linear, and the flowers are radially symmetrical, bisexual, and spike-like.

Commonly called Grass Trees, Xanthorrhoea plants are also known as Balga Grass to the Australian aborigines, which is their word for black boy. The Aborigines probably called these plants balga because after a wild fire, the bottom leaves burn away revealing a singed black trunk with long green reed-like leaves extending from the top of the trunk giving the appearance of black figures. All species of Xanthorrhoea are very slow growing, but they are also very long lived - up to 600 years! Long straight spears of white blossoms extend from the top of the tree especially in the year following wild fires.

The glassy resin which exudes from the trunks was previously used in varnish and other products. The flakes of resin were collected from around the base of the stem, heated and rolled into balls.The flowering spikes of the grass tree were soaked in water to make a sweet drink, fresh or slightly fermented. The soft bases of the young leaves were eaten. Tough leaves were used as knives. Europeans harvested the gum to make varnishes and lacquers.

Generally frost tolerant, all Xanthorrhoea require well-drained soil and a sunny location because they are prone to root rot. They can be grown very successfully in pots.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/xanthorrhoea_sp.htm

Xanthorrhoea australis - seeds

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Grass Tree. Commonly called Grass Trees, Xanthorrhoea...  more
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Xanthosoma sp., Xanthosoma

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Xanthosoma robusta
Xanthosoma sp.
Family: Araceae
Xanthosoma
Origin: South America
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeBog or aquaticKeep soil moistRegular waterOrnamental foliage

he Xanthosoma species are plants of the tropical rain forest and, although in their natural habitat they grow under the forest canopy, under cultivation they are usually sown with full exposure to sunlight. They require well-drained soils and do not tolerate the permanent presence of water.





Link to this plant:
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Xanthostemon aurantiacus, Xanthostemon

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Xanthostemon aurantiacus
Family: Myrtaceae
Xanthostemon
Origin: New Caledonia
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunModerate waterRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowers

A sparsely branched shrub or small tree to 3 m (10 ft.) tall from maquis vegetation in southern New Caledonia with leathery, occasionally glaucous leaves to 9 cm long that cluster at the tips of the branches. It is rather variable in the color of its flowers, which can range from greenish white to red.



Xanthostemon aurantiacus, Xanthostemon

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Link to this plant:
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Xanthostemon chrysanthus, Golden Penda, Expo gold, Junjum

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Xanthostemon chrysanthus
Family: Myrtaceae
Golden Penda, Expo gold, Junjum
Origin: Coastal rainforest in north Queensland from Townsville to Cape York
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterYellow/orange flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Xanthostemon chrysanthus, is still quite unknown outside its native country, and is pretty hard to find. This is a very desirable garden plant for warmer climates. The glorious, dense flower heads are well displayed at branches ends and are bright yellow with stunningly extended stamens reminiscent of a Bottlebrush. Flowers are sweetly fragrant and atract butterlies and hummingbirds. Bloom time in Northern hemisphere lasts from winter through early spring, which makes it especially valuable. In sub-tropical and tropical areas it flowers reliably and often within 2-3 years from seed. New leaves start out red, contrasting beautifully with older, lance shaped glossy green foliage. In native rainforest environment the tree can grow up to 40-50 ft, however in gardens it may reach only 15-20 ft. It responds well to pruning and can be easily shaped into a shrub, hedge or screen with annual pruning. Golden Penda is a favorite of birds and butterflies; it makes a good cut flower. The plant is pretty hardy, tolerates dry soil and requires almost no watering once established; however it will thrive providing moist rich soils. It can also take light frosts.

The genus name Xanthostemon comes from Greek xanthos - yellow, and stemon - a thread or stamen. The species name chrysanthus comes from Greek chrysos - gold and anthos - a flower. This plant is known as Junjum among aboriginal Australians, its hardwood used for swords, spear points and digging sticks.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/xanthostemon_chrysanthus.htm
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