TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Mentha sp., Mint
Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'

Mentha sp.

Mint
Family: Lamiaceae
USDA Zone: 5-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapGroundcover and low-growing 2ftFull sunSemi-shadeKeep soil moistWhite, off-white flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsInvasiveSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

Mint (Mint sp.) is a perennial herb that belongs to the Mentha genus, which is a large group of well-known herbs that are widely distributed throughout the temperate parts of the world. There are several different species of mint, including:

Apple Mint (Mentha suaveolens) - This hardy perennial is a very robust grower. Apple mint has interesting light green leaves that are somewhat hairy on the upper surface and downy underneath, with serrated edges. They can grow up to 3 feet high, but should be kept trimmed to a shorter height.

Curly Mint (Mentha spicata variety crispii) - This plant is valued more for its intricately curled, fringed leaves than for its fragrance. The foliage is dark green and lightly splotched with a contrasting lighter green. They can grow up to 2 feet high and are known to be invasive. Chefs often use curly mint for garnishes, but prefer the pleasant flavor of spearmint and peppermint.

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium) - This creeping mint is used occasionally as a ground cover in cool climates. It has many stems that grow up to 12 inches high and are covered with small, round to oval, dark green leaves. In the summer, it produces bluish-lilac blossoms. Pennyroyal has a pleasant lemony aroma and is used to flavor meat puddings and fish entrees.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) - This spreading plant has a sharp, penetrating yet pleasant, mint aroma. It grows 1 to 2 feet high, but can reach 3 feet when in bloom. The lance-shaped leaves are deeply notched when mature and the flowers are usually purple.

Pineapple Mint (Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata') - Pineapple mint is a variegated hybrid of apple mint with white or cream blotches on its leaves. It does have a slight pineapple scent, but the aroma isn't always detectable. This mint is good for garnishes because the thick leaves are slow to wilt.

Spearmint (Mentha spicata) - This plant is similar to peppermint, but has a milder, sweeter flavor. It grows up to 3 feet tall and has dark green, lance-shaped leaves with a pointed tip. The flowers are typically pink or purple.

Water or Bog Mint (Mentha aquatica) - This mint is native to wetland areas and is adapted to growing in wet soil. It has a strong mint aroma and produces small, pink or purple flowers.

Mint is known for its carminative properties, which means that it helps to soothe the digestive system and relieve bloating and gas. It also has antiseptic properties and has been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments. Aromatherapy and massage practitioners often use peppermint essential oil to stimulate circulation, ease muscle fatigue, and reduce pain. The scent of peppermint is said to have a refreshing and invigorating effect, helping to increase alertness and reduce stress.

Peppermint is a popular ingredient in many recipes, and is often used to flavor teas, desserts, and other dishes. It is also used as a garnish or decorative element in culinary dishes. Mint plants are easy to grow and can tolerate a variety of conditions, including full sun or semi-shade locations. It prefers regular watering. Mint plants are also tolerant of occasional flooding and are best grown in USDA Zone 5-10





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Meriania nobilis, Meriania, Amaraboyo

Meriania nobilis

Meriania, Amaraboyo
Family: Melastomataceae
Origin: Central America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterPink flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowers

Medium size fast growing tree with gorgeous purple flowers. It is very popular ornamental tree in Bogota. The genus is named after Maria Merian, entomologist and botanists worked in Surinam at the end of the XVIIth century. Species name comes from Latin "noble" (famous), for the beautiful flowers, perhaps the most splendid of the family. Flowers are purple to reddish. Fruit is a long capsule. Young branches are quadrangular in cross-section, become thicker and smoother as they mature. Varieties: Purple (more vigorous and profuse bloomer), Strawberry (with lighter leaves). Propagation by seed. Grows fast, up to 6-7 ft in 2 years from seed. Prefers well-drained soil, rich with organics.



Meriania nobilis, Meriania, Amaraboyo
Meriania nobilis, Meriania, Amaraboyo
Meriania nobilis, Meriania, Amaraboyo


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/meriania_nobilis.htm

Millettia brandisiana, Thit pagan

Millettia brandisiana

Thit pagan
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Southeast Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeBlue, lavender, purple flowersDeciduous plant


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/millettia_brandisiana.htm

Millettia pinnata, Pongamia pinnata, Pongam, Indian Beech

Millettia pinnata, Pongamia pinnata

Pongam, Indian Beech
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Southeast Asia, India
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsPoisonous or toxicSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Millettia pinnata is native to Southeast Asia, India, and can grow as a small tree between 10-20 feet tall. It should be planted in a location that receives full sun and moderate water, such as in an open field or a sunny garden bed. This species is perfect for attracting butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators. The fragrant white, off-white, blue, lavender and purple flowers are incredibly showy and bloom from Spring to Fall, while the foliage turns yellow in late Fall when the deciduous plant drops its leaves.

Millettia pinnata is not only a showy ornamental but is also noted for its ethnomedical uses. As with any plant, however, care should be taken when handling certain parts of the plant, as they can be poisonous (or toxic) when ingested. This species is considered an extremely hardy plant with mature specimens capable of withstanding temperatures in the 30s F, though in cold regions it is best to grow it as a potted plant and bring indoors in the winter. Additionally, this is a salt tolerant and seaside species, which makes it a great option for seaside gardens. As with all plants, growing Millettia pinnata successfully will depend on the careful selection of a suitable, sunny location and the soil moisture that is best suited to the plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/millettia_pinnata.htm

Millettia reticulata, Evergreen Wisteria, Summer Wisteria

Millettia reticulata

Evergreen Wisteria, Summer Wisteria
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Southern China and Taiwan
USDA Zone: 8-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperFull sunModerate waterBlue, lavender, purple flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Millettia reticulata or Evergreen wisteria produces a profusion of fragrant blue, lavender or purple flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Its foliage is a glossy emerald green, and in colder months, a warm reddish-brown hue. The plant is cold hardy at least to mid-20s F for a short time, so it can be grown in USDA Zones 8-10. For colder regions, plant evergreen wisteria in containers and move it indoors in winter. As evergreen wisteria grows, prune it regularly, at least twice a year, to keep its size and shape in check.

For best growth, evergreen wisteria should be placed in full sun and should be watered moderately. During the growing season, it should be watered deeply to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. In the winter, it should not be watered as frequently. When the vine is young, light fertilization is recommended, but once it is mature, it requires little to no extra fertilizer.

Evergreen wisteria can reach heights of 30 feet, however it can be pruned smaller. Plant it with support to provide lush shade over a walkway or patio, or use it to create a thick living wall on a trellis or cables. Unlike the lavender-blooming Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda), Evergreen wisteria is not an invasive plant.

With proper care, evergreen wisteria will provide a beautiful and fragrant flowering climber for your garden.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/millettia_reticulata.htm
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