TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Acanthus ilicifolius, Holly-leaved Acanthus, Sea Holly, Holy Mangrove

Acanthus ilicifolius

Holly-leaved Acanthus, Sea Holly, Holy Mangrove
Family: Acanthaceae
Origin: India, Polynesia
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeBog or aquaticKeep soil moistRegular waterBlue/lavender/purple flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Thorny or spinyFlood tolerantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

It is a semi-woody, sprawling shrub sometimes up to 3 m tall. Its stems are shiny green with speckles, and a pair of spines at the leaf's angles.

It grows in mangrove forest, pure freshwater or waterlogged areas, and on dry land.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acanthus_ilicifolius.htm

Acorus gramineus variegatus, Sweet Flag

Acorus gramineus variegatus

Sweet Flag
Family: Acoraceae
Origin: Japan
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeBog or aquaticRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

The plants are evergreen in warmer climates, but they will die back to ground level in colder climates. Although they are water lovers, this species can take quite a bit of drought. I have seen this plant used as an accent in dry rock gardens.



Acorus gramineus variegatus, Sweet Flag
Acorus gramineus variegatus, Sweet Flag


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acorus_gramineus_variegatus.htm

Acrostichum aureum, Piai Raya, Golden Leather Fern, Mangrove Fern

Acrostichum aureum

Piai Raya, Golden Leather Fern, Mangrove Fern
Family: Pteridaceae
Origin: Pantropical
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeBog or aquaticRegular waterOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Flood tolerantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

leaves pinnate, to about 4 m long, bright red when young; fertile leaflets at the tip are covered with red-brown sporangia, blades of sterile leaflets have a broadly rounded end terminated with a short tip.

Acrostichum aureum grows optimally on somewhat elevated grounds in mangrove forests that are well protected from frequent tidal influx and have high rainfall, which tends to desalinate upper soil layers.



Acrostichum aureum, Piai Raya, Golden Leather Fern, Mangrove Fern
Acrostichum aureum, Piai Raya, Golden Leather Fern, Mangrove Fern


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acrostichum_aureum.htm

Alocasia odora, Giant Upright Elephant Ear

Alocasia odora

Giant Upright Elephant Ear
Family: Araceae
Origin: Tropical Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeBog or aquaticRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersOrnamental foliageFragrantSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

These plants are mainly valued for their gorgeous leaves, which are very large, heart-shaped. They also produce small, calla-like fragrant flower spathes.

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings. Very high moisture needs; suitable for bogs and water gardens.



Alocasia odora, Giant Upright Elephant Ear


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/alocasia_odora.htm

Alocasia sanderiana, Alocasia amazonica, Kris plant

Alocasia sanderiana, Alocasia amazonica

Kris plant
Family: Araceae
Origin: Phillippines
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftShadeSemi-shadeBog or aquaticOrnamental foliageDeciduousSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

A beautiful plant with flat, V-shaped leaves, deeply scalloped along the margins. The color is shiny, jet-black, with bold white veining. An excellent species for interior, landscape or terrarium use. Forms dense clusters, about 24in tall when mature. Warm, humid, shady conditions are required throughout the summer and plants need an abundance of water when growing. When the leaves fade in fall, less water is required, and when they have died, the soil is moistened once in a while. Care should be taken when planting rhizomes, the top of rhizomes should be planted above the soil line or the leaves could decay at the base. Alocasia sanderiana are propagated by the division of rhizomes in spring.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/alocasia_sanderiana.htm
 
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