TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Actinidia sp., Actinidia

Actinidia sp.

Actinidia
Family: Actinidiaceae
Origin: Eastern Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ftVine or creeperFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The genus includes shrubs growing to 6 m (20 ft) tall, and vigorous, strong-growing vines, growing up to 30 m (98 ft) in tree canopies. The fruit is a large berry containing numerous small seeds; in most species, the fruit is edible.



Actinidia sp., Actinidia
Actinidia rufa
Actinidia sp., Actinidia
Actinidia sp., Actinidia
Actinidia sp., Actinidia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/actinidia_sp.htm

Actiniopteris semiflabellata, Eyelash Fern

Actiniopteris semiflabellata

Eyelash Fern
Family: Pteridaceae
Origin: Eastern Africa
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeModerate water

A small, tropical fern producing very pretty, palm-like fronds on a diminutive scale. It like evenly moist conditions with moderate humidity during it's summer growing period, it should be watered sparingly and carefully during colder months.



Actiniopteris semiflabellata, Eyelash Fern
Actiniopteris semiflabellata, Eyelash Fern
Actiniopteris semiflabellata, Eyelash Fern


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/actiniopteris_semiflabellata.htm

Actinodium cunninghamii, Swamp Daisy

Actinodium cunninghamii

Swamp Daisy
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Western Australia
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterDry conditionsWhite/off-white flowersRed/crimson/vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

It grows well as a container plant preferring filtered sunlight in hot climates. In cooler climates it should tolerate full sun.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/actinodium_cunninghamii.htm

Adansonia digitata, Baobab, Cream of Tartar tree, Monkey-bread tree, Lemonade tree, Upside-down Tree

Adansonia digitata

Baobab, Cream of Tartar tree, Monkey-bread tree, Lemonade tree, Upside-down Tree
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: South Africa
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Regarded as the largest succulent in the world, the baobab tree is steeped in a wealth of mystique, legend and superstition wherever it occurs in Africa. It is a tree that can provide food, water, shelter, and relief from sickness. During drought, elephants obtain moisture by chewing on the wood. The stem is covered with a bark layer, which may be 50-100 mm thick. The leaves are hand-sized and divided into 5-7 finger-like leaflets. The baobab is a deciduous, meaning that in winter, it sheds all of its leaves and grows new ones in spring. The large, pendulous flowers (up to 200 mm in diameter) are white and sweetly scented ,that are pollinated by bats. They are followed by velvety fruits full of edible acidic pulp sought by both monkeys and people. In the dryer, temperate regions of Africa, Baobabs are a tree of myth and legend. Baobabs are carefully tended by rural peoples and are particularly useful: the hollow trunks of baobabs are used as dwellings and storehouses, traditional medicines are obtained from its bark, leaves, and fruit. Its bark can be pounded to produce fibers that are used to make baskets, cloth, hats, mats, nets, rope, and strings (interestingly, after the bark is stripped away, the baobab grows new bark). Its leaves are cooked and eaten as greens, and are dried for use as a seasoning and a sauce and stew thickener. Its fruit is rich in vitamin C, calcium, and iron, and is called pain de singe or monkey bread. It can be roasted, ground, and boiled to make a coffee-substitute; it is also soaked in water to make a refreshing drink, and is used as a flavoring. They will make a handsome addition to a large garden, estate, or large parkland providing the soil is not waterlogged. Baobabs cannot tolerate even mild frost. When they are young, baobabs do not resemble their adult counterparts, the stems are thin and inconspicuous, and their leaves are simple and not divided into the five to seven lobes of the adult trees. Saplings can be effectively grown in containers or tubs for many years before becoming too large and requiring to be planted into the ground.

See article about this tree.

See how to grow Baobab bonsai

Article about endangered Baobabs.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_digitata.htm

Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab

Adansonia grandidieri

Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Family: Malvaceae    (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Madagascar
Can be used for bonsaiBig tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersDeciduousEdible

Adansonia grandidieri is a deciduous tree usually growing up to 25 metres tall, though stunted plants in the south of its range are sometimes only 5 metres tall. It has a massive, cylindrical bole that can be 3 - 5 metres in diameter and serves to store water for times of drought; the bole is topped by a sparse, few-branched, flat-topped, light crown.

It provides edible fruits and oil-rich seeds as well as being a source of fibre and material for thatching. Found only in a restricted area of Madagascar, the tree is threatened by habitat destruction and, due to the low numbers of mature specimens, poor regeneration.



Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab
Adansonia grandidieri, Grandidier's Baobab, Giant Baobab


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_grandidieri.htm

Adansonia gregorii, Boab, Baobab, Australian Bottle Tree

Adansonia gregorii

Boab, Baobab, Australian Bottle Tree
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Northern Territory, West Australia
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

This tree has a unique, swollen bottle-like trunk. This deciduous tree bears large, white flowers and ball-like fruits up to 10 cm in diameter. Growth starts off quickly, then slows down. It prefers a loamy soil, and has a smooth, brown to yellowish-green bark. Tropical - but reported to make an nice indoor plant while young.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_gregorii.htm

Adansonia madagascariensis, Madagascar Baobab

Adansonia madagascariensis

Madagascar Baobab
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Madagascar
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterRed/crimson/vinous flowersDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

This tree has a unique, swollen bottle-like trunk. This deciduous tree bears large, red flowers and ball-like fruits.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_madagascariensis.htm

Adansonia rubrostipa, Baobab

Adansonia rubrostipa

Baobab
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: West Coast of Madagascar
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Medium to large trees in between 17-65 feet in height. This tree can either have; sphere-like, bottle-shaped, or rarely, tapering trunks. The irregular crown, has major branches most often horizontal, rarely conical spines on upper surfaces of branches. Bark is usually reddish brown and exfoliating. Leaves occur from November to April and the Flowers Usually from February to April, at the latest in June. The fruit ripens from October to November. It has edible fruits, seeds and roots.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_rubrostipa.htm

Adansonia za, Baobab

Adansonia za

Baobab
Family: Malvaceae   (Formerly:Bombacaceae)
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Origin: Madagascar
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterUnusual colorRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.DeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdible

The flower buds are long green cylinders which can resemble oversized beans and could be mistaken for a fruit. The bud opens with the curling back of the outside layer of the flower bud, revealing yellow and red petals with yellowish long stamens.

The fruit pulp and oil-rich seeds are eaten.The root of seedling plants can be eaten as a vegetable.



Adansonia za, Baobab
Adansonia za, Baobab


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adansonia_za.htm

Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia, Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki

Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia

Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: India
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterYellow/orange flowersFragrantIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

A medium-sized tree up to 15 m high, Adenanthera pavonina is native to India and Malaysia. It has been planted extensively throughout the tropics as an ornamental and has become naturalized in many countries.

The tiny flowers are said to smell vaguely like orange blossoms.

The slender flattened pods become twisted as they split open at maturity to release up to 12 brilliant red, lens - shaped, extremely hard seeds. The ripened pods stay on the tree for some time. The seeds are used in necklaces and ornaments, as beads in jewellery, leis and rosaries. They were also used in ancient India for weighing gold. The seeds are curiously similar in weight. Four seeds make up about one gramme. In fact the name "saga" is traced to the Arabic term for "goldsmith".

In Malaysia and Indonesia, the trees provide shade and planted as "nurse trees" in coffee, clove and rubber plantations.

Although the raw seeds are toxic, when cooked they are edible: are roasted, shelled and then eaten with rice in Java, Indonesia. In Melanesia and Polynesia people call it the "food tree". The seeds are said to taste like soy bean. The young leaves can be cooked and eaten, but usually only during famine.

The hard reddish wood of the red sandalwood tree is used for cabinet making. A red dye, obtained from the wood, is used by Brahmins to mark religious symbols on their foreheads. A red powder made from the wood is used as an antiseptic paste. In Ancient Indian medicine, the ground seeds are used to treat boils and inflammations. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat gout and rheumatism. The bark was used to wash hair.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adenanthera_pavonina.htm

Adenanthera pavonina - seeds

Red Sandalwood, Saga. Popular Indian tree with many uses. The tiny flowers are said to smell vaguely like orange blossoms. The seeds are used in necklaces and ornaments, as beads in jewellery, leis and rosaries. In Malaysia and Indonesia, the trees provide shade and planted as "nurse trees" in coffee, clove and rubber plantations. Seeds are roasted and then eaten with rice in Java, Indonesia. In Melanesia and Polynesia people call it the "food tree". The seeds are said to taste like soy bean. A red powder made from the wood is used as an antiseptic paste.
Plant seeds 1" deep in otting mix, keep warm, damp and in bright light. Scarify to expedite germination.
Ordering seeds info

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