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It is a large deciduous stately tree, growing up to 90 feet tall with horizontal whorls of branches offering clusters of foot long, obovate leaves that turn pink-red to red - yellow before falling. It thrives as an ornamental tree in many tropical cities in the world. The greenish - white female - and male flowers are on the same tree; these flowers are inconspicuous and not very showy. It has large (2 - 3 inches) nutty fruits that taste very much like commercially grown almonds. The color of the oval fruit is green, yellow or reddish. In Taiwan the fallen leaves of tropical almond are used as a herbal drug in the treatment of liver related diseases. The leaves contain agents for chemo-prevention of cancer and probably have anticarciogenic potential. The kernel of Indian almond has shown aphrodisiac activity; it can probally be used in treatment of some forms of sexual inadequacies (premature ejaculation). Ethanol extract of the leaves shown potential in the treatment of sickle cell disorders. Tropical almond has antibacterial properties. It is used by breeders of tropical aquarium fishes to keep them healthy. In Suriname's traditional medicine, a tea from the leaves is used against dysentery and diarrhea. Has salt and drought tolerance. As is the case with many tropical trees, tropical almond can be grown in a container where its size can be controlled for many years.
One of the principle timbers of west Africa, it is widely harvested from the wild and has been introduced into many other tropical countries as a promising timber plantation species. It is also cultivated as a shade tree in cacao plantations.
Terminalia kaernbachii produces a very high quality nut, somewhat similar to the almond. Its natural distribution is confined mainly to the south side of the island of New Guinea and some other islands. It bears poorly near the ocean, but does well in inland locations from very low altitudes up to an altitude of 1100 m.
The seed has an excellent, mild, almond-like flavour, it can be eaten raw, roasted or baked.
Terminalia mantaly is a deciduous or evergreen tree with conspicuously layered branches. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of dyes and tannins. It can be used in reforestation projects and is a good shade tree, often being grown as an ornamental and to provide shade along streets.
This is a small, 30-foot-tall, deciduous tree which forms a symmetrical, horizontally-layered silhouette from an arrow-straight trunk. The leathery, four-inch-long leaves turn attractively red in autumn and winter before dropping. In spring, the trees are decorated with spikes of tiny greenish-white blossoms which are followed by dark blue, small fruits. This tree is probably well suited for a street tree and other urban planting sites where a small tree is needed. It would also make a nice addition to the small residential lot as a specimen tree or small shade tree for a patio or deck. Terminalia muelleri should be grown in full sun on any well-drained soil, tolerating acid, alkaline, and even salt, and are very wind-resistant. Trees should be planted where they can be protected from frost. Propagation is by seed.
Plants of the genus Terminalia are amongst the most widely used plants for traditional medicinal purposes worldwide.
A medium size shrub with fragrant powder-puff-like white flowers. Attracts bees, butterflies and other insects. Dense havit, a nice landscaping plant. Can be trimmed to a desired shape. Medium growth rate.
This fragrant shrub is very remarkable. Bees love the honey flowers, there are thousands of them around it! Fine sweet fragrance. Tetracera loureiri is one of the most valued herbs in Thai traditional medicine.
Close related species - Tetracera loureiri (Tetracera fragrans), Tetracera indica.