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Syzygium campanulatum or Wild Cinnamon is a small tree native to Southeast Asia, growing about 10-20 feet in height. It's a perfect choice for those looking for an attractive, fragrant ornamental tree. It is a sun-loving tree, requiring full sun exposure, and regular water.
The tree produces an abundance of white, off-white flowers, often tinged with red and crimson, or vinous. These fragrant flowers are a sight to behold, emitting an unmistakable cinnamon scent.
Wild Cinnamon is typically grown in hardiness zones 9-11, making it a great choice if you live in one of these zones. It grows well in soil that is both well-drained and slightly acidic. The tree prefers a mildly acidic soil pH of 6-6.5, but it is quite tolerant of a wide range of soil pH.
When planted in a pot, Wild Cinnamon can survive in colder climates. It needs regular watering, at least 2-3 times a week, to ensure that the soil does not dry out completely. Also, make sure to keep the soil cold, as the tree prefers temperatures between 55-65°F. You can also protect the tree in cold months by using mulch and insulating fabrics to guard it against frost.
The Wild Cinnamon tree is an excellent choice as an ornamental tree, providing fragrant flowers and leafy smell of cinnamon. With proper care and maintenance, this small tree is sure to make a great addition to any garden.
Berry purple reaching 2cm diameter.
Native to India, Nepal, Pakistan and Indonesia, this tree was introduced to Florida, USA in 1911. Now also grows abundantly in Suriname and has been introduced to many different places where it has been utilized as a fruit producer, as an ornamental and also for its timber (the wood is strong and water resistant). In favorable conditions, this plant has the ability to form a dense cover, excluding all other species which has allowed it to become invasive in Hawaii.
According to Hindu tradition, Rama subsisted on the fruit in the forest for 14 years during his exile from Ayodhya. Because of this, many Hindus regard Jambul as a 'fruit of the gods'. In Hindu mythology Lord Krishna has been described as having skin the color of Jambul. The leaves are used in India as marriage pendals.
A fairly fast growing species, in native conditions it can reach heights of up to 80ft and can live more than 100 years. Its dense foliage provides shade and is grown just for its ornamental value. Large oblong leaves are smooth, glossy, with a turpentine smell.
The tree starts flowering from March to April. The small flowers in branched clusters are fragrant. The fruit develops by May-June and resembles a large berry, starting green, then turns pink to shining crimson black as it matures. The flesh has a combination of sweet, mildly sour and astringent flavor and tends to color the tongue purple. The fruit is eaten raw, and may be made into tarts, sauces and jams. Good quality Jambul juice is excellent for sherbet, sirup and "squash", an Indian drink. In Goa and the Philippines, it is an important source of wine, somewhat like Port, and the distilled liquors, brandy and "jambava" have also been made from the fermented fruit. The juice can also be made into Vinegar. The Jambul tree is of real value in apiculture. The flowers have abundant nectar, and the honey is of fine quality. The essential oil distilled from the leaves is used to scent soap and is blended with other materials in making inexpensive perfume.
The fruit has a high source in vitamin A and vitamin C, and has received recognition in folk medicine and in the pharmaceutical trade. The seeds, leaves and bark are also used in various alternative healing systems like Ayurveda and Chinese medicine.
The tree occurs in the tropical and sub-tropical climates under a wide range of environmental conditions and can thrive on a variety of soils. Jambul grows easy in sub-tropics and tolerates cooler winters. It is sensitive to frost when young but mature trees have been undamaged by brief below-freezing temperatures. It prospers on river banks and has been known to withstand prolonged flooding, yet it is tolerant of drought as well. Dry weather is even more desirable during the flowering and fruiting periods. The seedlings starts fruiting in 4-7 years.
The edible fruit is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use.
Rose Apple is a popular fruit native to Southeast Asia. The beautiful blossoms contain hundreds of showy stamens. The crisp and juicy fruits are very distinctly rose scented and highly prized for jellies and confections. The plant is easy to grow, moderately cold hardy and tolerates poor soils. Makes an attractive, wide-spreading shade tree as well as compact and bushy container fruiting plant.
See our video about Rose Apple.
Syzygium luehmannii, also known as Small Leaved Lilly Pilly, is a native plant to Australia. This small tree grows between 10-20 ft in height and can be used for bonsai. It prefers full sun to semi-shade and requires regular water, although it can tolerate moderate water. White to off-white flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds from further distances. Grown in USDA Zone 9-11, this tree can be grown in both pot and soil in cold regions.
The fruit of the Syzygium luehmannii is edible and have a sweet-tart flavor. The fruit is full of antioxidants and can be used to make jams and preserves. As a healthy snack, the fruit can be eaten straight or used in salads or other recipes. Depending on the size, a single Syzygium luehmannii tree can produce between 10-20 pounds of fruit per year.
When growing the Syzygium luehmannii, it is important to protect it from the midday sun and provide regular water. It is also important to prune regularly, especially in the spring months, to maintain a desired shape. To enhance the fruits production, adding organic matter such as manure or compost to the soil will help the plant flower and produce fruit.
Native to Malaysia, Malay Apple was an important fruit of the Polynesians, and was later distributed to the America's on Captain Bligh's voyages throughout the tropics, including many Caribbean countries such as Jamaica, Suriname, Dominican Republic, and Trinidad and Tobago. It has been also spread through much of southeast Asia and the Pacific islands, now common growing wild on the Hawaiian islands. It was brought into Hawaii by Polynesians probably 1000 to 1700 years ago. The Polynesians reached the Hawaiian islands bringing plants and animals that were important to them, and Mountain apple, as it is called in Hawaii, was one of the 'canoe plants'.
This plant grows to over 60 ft in tropics in mid-elevation rain forest areas, often as large understory tree. The evergreen leaves are opposite, soft leathery and dark green; the flowers are purplish-red and form a carpet after falling under the tree. Flowering usually occurs in early summer followed by fruit ripening 3 months later. The beautiful pear shaped fruit is about the size of an apple, deep red in color, white flesh and a waxy skin. The flesh is crunchy, often juicy, with a mild sweet flavor.
Fruit are mostly eaten fresh and chilled and make great thirst quenching snacks. The fruit can also be used to make wines. The plant has important medicinal value in many tropical countries.
Malay Apple requires tropical conditions and is too tender to grow outdoors in areas with even occasional frost. Often trees will have leaf damage at temperatures well above freezing. Trees also do not like poorly drained soils, so if planted in areas with high water tables should be planted on slightly raised mounds to give them more room for the roots during periods of high rainfall. It does not succeed as well at sea level. Other than that, it requires little care providing year-round water.
The young leaves of Syzygium myrtifolium are often either yellow or orange. There is a cultivar with dark red young leaves and bright pink to maroon flowers.
They are often used as a hedging plant or ornamental tree, also sculptured into topiaries or even made into bonsai.