TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Sternbergia clusiana, Sternbergia, Autumn Crocus, Autumn Daffodil

Sternbergia clusiana

Sternbergia, Autumn Crocus, Autumn Daffodil
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Origin: Jordan, Israel, Turkey, Iran
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsYellow, orange flowers

Sternbergia clusiana is a small shrub, 2-5 ft in height, native to Jordan, Israel, Turkey, and Iran. Blooms in mid to late autumn, Sternbergia clusiana produces bright yellow-orange flowers on upright stems that are held above the foliage. It is a hardy plant and is cold tolerant, making it a great choice for growing in USDA zones 9-11.

When planted in full sun and provided with moderate water, Sternbergia clusiana will grow quickly and reward you with an array of dazzling winter blooms. In colder conditions, however, it should be planted in a pot and brought indoors during the winter for protection. To promote growth for the upcoming season, ensure that soil is kept moist and sandy. Pruning the dead vegetation from the previous season can help to foster new growth. Enjoy your Sternbergia in a patio pot or when planted in a cold region, such as USDA Zones 9-11. Plant in a sunny locale and provide ample water, and expect dazzling color just in time for the cooler weather!



Sternbergia clusiana, Sternbergia, Autumn Crocus, Autumn Daffodil
Sternbergia clusiana, Sternbergia, Autumn Crocus, Autumn Daffodil
Sternbergia clusiana, Sternbergia, Autumn Crocus, Autumn Daffodil
Sternbergia clusiana, Sternbergia, Autumn Crocus, Autumn Daffodil


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/sternbergia_clusiana.htm

Steudnera discolor, Steudnera

Steudnera discolor

Steudnera
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Origin: Burma
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterYellow, orange flowers


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/steudnera_discolor.htm

Stevia rebaudiana, Eupatorium rebaudianum, Stevia, Sweet leaf of Paraguay, Sweet-herb, Honey yerba, Honeyleaf, Candy leaf

Stevia rebaudiana, Eupatorium rebaudianum

Stevia, Sweet leaf of Paraguay, Sweet-herb, Honey yerba, Honeyleaf, Candy leaf
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and Paraguay
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbEdible

Stevia rebaudiana is a herbaceous perennial, which is normally used as a natural herbal sweetener. This is a plant where the native Guarani have used caa-ehe (stevia) for over 1500 years to sweeten otherwise unpalatable medicinal drinks. It is a short day plant, growing up to 1.5Ft in the wild and flowering from January to March in the southern hemisphere. The dried leaves can be ground and used as a sweetener or soaked in water and the liquid used in making preserves. The powdered leaves are also added to herb teas. The leaves are sometimes chewed by those wishing to reduce their sugar intake. The leaves can also be cooked and eaten as a vegetable. Stevia grows naturally on infertile, sandy acid soils with shallow water tables. This is normally in areas like the edge of mashes and grassland communities. The natural climate is semi-humid subtropical. While the herb's native locale may make it appear somewhat exotic, it has proved to be quite adaptable and capable of being cultivated in climate zones as diverse as Florida and southern Canada.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/stevia_rebaudiana.htm

Stictocardia beraviensis, Ipomoea beraviensis, Hawaiian Bell, Hawaiian Sunset Vine, Braveheart Vine

Stictocardia beraviensis, Ipomoea beraviensis

Hawaiian Bell, Hawaiian Sunset Vine, Braveheart Vine
Family: Convolvulaceae
Origin: Tropical Africa
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallVine or creeperFull sunShadeSemi-shadeKeep soil moistPink flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Every one who saw Hawaiian sunsets will recognize the dramatic view in colors of this blossom. The stunning flower has splendid rich tones that are a marvel to see! This tropical vine is definitely a must in any tropical collection since it has so many great features: fast growing, takes from fun sun to deep shade, beautiful tri-color sunset-bright scented flowers, large tropical-looking velvet leaves, blooms sporadically year round, relatively cold hardy, can be grown in container and easily controlled. You can have an outstanding specimen even if you have a limited space!

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/stictocardia_beraviensis.htm

Stictocardia beraviensis - Hawaiian Sunset Bell

Hawaiian Sunset Bell. The stunning flower has splendid rich tones that are a marvel to see! This tropical vine is definitely a must in any tropical collection since it has so many great features: fast growing, takes from fun sun to deep shade, beautiful tri-color sunset-bright scented flowers, large tropical-looking velvet leaves, blooms sporadically year round, relatively cold hardy, can be grown in container and easily controlled. See Article about this plant.

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Stifftia chrysantha, Pompom, Golden-flowered Stifftia, Rabo-de-Cutia, Esponja, Flor de Amizade, Pincel, Esponja de Oro

Stifftia chrysantha

Pompom, Golden-flowered Stifftia, Rabo-de-Cutia, Esponja, Flor de Amizade, Pincel, Esponja de Oro
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: Brazil
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunRegular waterRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Stifftia chrysantha is an exotic, rare flowering small tree with spectacular flowers, endemic to the vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil called Cerrado.

It grows into a bushy, attractive tree between 8 and 15 ft. tall, and starts flowering within 1.5 - 2.5 years from seed. It is a very rewarding plant that blooms 9 months out of the year, starting in Winter with great intensity during July-September, with each flower staying on the plant for several weeks. Seeds ripen from September through November.

The tree belongs to Aster family and has nothing to do with Powderpuffs which are from Bean (Fabaceae) family. The flower has 30 to 40 green, imbricated scales with short hairs, and actinomorphic corollas are orange below and darker above. After flowering, the inflorescence blows apart, which would scatter seeds. The dried center remaining is very attractive, like a small dried flower, and lasts for many months.

Stifftia can be grown in full sun to partial shade and is relatively cold tolerant, can take short cold spells. Young plants have delicate tender leaves that need protection from hot sun, filtered light required until established.

Stifftia doesn't like wet feet and heavy/soggy soils; requires very well drained, acidic soil. We strongly recommend to use our professional soilless mix. Let soil slightly dry between waterings. Stifftia prefers acidic soils so if your well water is high in calcium, try to water my young plants with rain water (coming from a collection barrel). When making growing media specifically for Stifftia and other acid-loving plants, never add limestone or Dolomite to the mix.

The plant can be grown in full sun to partial shade and is relatively cold tolerant, can take short cold spells. If grown in a pot, try to keep the container shaded because roots don't like to be overheated. The plant needs monthly applications of slow release fertilizer as well as extra iron - use micro-nutrients to keep leaves green and healthy.

In Brazil is is very popular as ornamental, and flowers are commercialized for floral arrangement.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/stifftia_chrysantha.htm

Stigmaphyllon ciliatum, Orchid Vine, Amazon Vine, Golden Vine

Stigmaphyllon ciliatum

Orchid Vine, Amazon Vine, Golden Vine
Family: Malpighiaceae
Origin: tropical America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperFull sunRegular waterYellow, orange flowers

Stigmaphyllon ciliatum (Orchid Vine), a plant native to tropical America, is an easy to care for and delicate vine with huge heads of bright yellow or orange flowers similar to oncidium orchids. From spring to fall, it blooms profusely and its blossoms are similar to those of the Lagerstroemia in shape, with each petal abruptly expanding from a small base claw. Each flower measures slightly over an inch across, radiating a vibrant yellow color.

It prefers full sun and soil that is well-drained, and it should be given a moderate level of water; however, in warm climates it is able to tolerate a bit of shade. In cold regions, it can be grown in a pot by providing it with some protection from the cold and excessive precipitation. This can be done by mulching the pot and providing a shelter away from the frost. Additionally, Orchid Vine is usually tolerant to short-term cold temperatures down to 30°F, while extended cold may cause significant damage to plants.

When planted in the landscape, Stigmaphyllon ciliatum can be trained along a wall or trellis, where it can grow up to 15-20ft in height. It can also be used to cover banks and as a border. Pruning of dead branches and flowers after blooming is essential for its growth and to encourage healthy new growth. Additionally, its roots can be pruned to promote the growth of thicker branches. When taking any action to help it grow, don't forget to provide it with the adequate level of water.

Overall, Stigmaphyllon ciliatum is an easy-care vine with beautiful yellow and orange flowers, perfect for adding a splash of color to any garden. With the right growing conditions and some patience, you can have a vibrant, blossoming addition to your outdoor space in no time.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/stigmaphyllon_ciliatum.htm

Stigmaphyllon emarginatum, Stigmaphyllon periplocifolium, Monarch Amazonvine

Stigmaphyllon emarginatum, Stigmaphyllon periplocifolium

Monarch Amazonvine
Family: Malpighiaceae
Origin: Tropical America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperFull sunRegular waterYellow, orange flowers

An attractive evergreen vine or creeper, Stigmaphyllon emarginatum (Monarch Amazonvine) is a beautiful plant native to tropical America. It prefers full sun and regular water to thrive, with its growth pushing to an astonishing height of 20 feet or more. It features glossy, deep green foliage and delightful yellow to orange flowers that appear every few inches along its slender and twining stems.

In warmer climates, Stigmaphyllon emarginatum is a perfect choice for growing in ground or in containers. It is hardy in USDA zones 9-11 and can be planted in any place that receives ample sunlight and regular watering. Plant the vine in well-draining soil and amend it with compost for best results.

In cooler regions, the plant can be grown in pots. Place them in a sheltered area with filtered sunlight and water the soil well when it's dry. Make sure to bring the pots indoors during winter or subject them to frost protection measures to ensure the survival of the vine. Also, provide extra warmth and humidity during the winter months to maintain its growth.

Stigmaphyllon emarginatum is a low-maintenance plant and requires little care. Prune it occasionally to maintain its growth and trim any damaged stems. Fertilize it once in the spring with a balanced fertilizer and water regularly to keep the soil moist. With proper care, the Monarch Amazonvine will flower with abundance of attractive yellow and orange blooms.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/stigmaphyllon_emarginatum.htm

Stigmaphyllon sp., Orchid Vine, Butterfly Vine, Golden Vine

Stigmaphyllon sp.

Orchid Vine, Butterfly Vine, Golden Vine
Family: Malpighiaceae
Origin: tropical America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperFull sunRegular waterYellow, orange flowersUnknown name

It has slender, twining stems set every few inches with flat, heart-shaped leaves up to 4in long. The flowers are reminiscent of those of the Lagerstroemia in form, each petal expanding abruptly from a narrow basal claw. They measure a little over 1in across and are brilliant yellow in color. It thrives in sun or light shade and well drained soil, with moderate watering.

Species and varieties:

Stigmaphyllon ciliatum

Stigmaphyllon emarginatum





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/stigmaphyllon_sp.htm

Stoebe plumosa, Seriphium plumosum, Slangbos

Stoebe plumosa, Seriphium plumosum

Slangbos
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: South Africa
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsUnusual colorOrnamental foliageFragrantInvasive

Stoebe plumosa, also known as Slangbos, is a small shrub, native to South Africa, that can reach a height of 2-5 feet. Known for its enchanting ornamental foliage, vibrant shade of deep blue-green, and silver-white, clusters of fragrant, small-petalled flowers that blossom in late winter and early spring, it's no surprise that this beautiful shrub is considered a worthwhile investment.

Stoebe plumosa thrives in full sun, but will tolerate some light shade, and prefers moderate water. This plant is surprisingly drought-tolerant and is relatively drought-resistant once established. It possesses an unusual color and looks great in between other forms of low shrubbery or if planted in containers in warmer climates.

This hardy perennial shrub is ideal for many situations. It can be used as a early season plant near the front of the border, in a natural setting, or within a bed of other flowering shrubs for more of an ornamental effect.

In USDA Zones 9-11 Stoebe plumosa can be grown easily in the garden and provided with sufficient sunlight, ample water and a well-drained soil. In colder regions, Stoebe plumosa can be grown successfully in pots, but container-grown plants require well-drained, nutrient-rich soil and regular feeding and pruning. For successful growth, ensure that the soil remains consistently moist but never soggy; moderate water is essential for the best results.

For optimum health, Stoebe plumosa requires good exposure to sunlight and a correct amount of water. Fertilize regularly to promote growth, and consider pruning this evergreen shrub in the spring, to encourage new, healthy foliage and brighten up the existing branches. Regular prunnging helps to keep Stoebe plumosa healthy.

Stoebe plumosa is a fantastic plant for anyone's garden, providing an ornamental look throughout the year to delight the eye. With its unusual colorful foliage, it is a great choice to add texture and interest to any outdoor display.



Stoebe plumosa, Seriphium plumosum, Slangbos
Stoebe plumosa, Seriphium plumosum, Slangbos


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/stoebe_plumosa.htm

Streblus elongatus, Tempinis

Streblus elongatus

Tempinis
Family: Moraceae
Origin: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate water

Bushy evergreen tree to 15m, high rounded crown. Young leaves pinkish brown, flowers in hanging green spikes or catkins 3-8" long, singly or 2-4 together in leaf axils. The wood of Streblus elongatus is very hard and tough, thus they are used to make tool handles.



Streblus elongatus, Tempinis
Streblus elongatus, Tempinis
Streblus elongatus, Tempinis


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/streblus_elongatus.htm
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