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This genus has only one species. It is grown for it's neat habit, good coverage of branches and long flowering time. Evergreen shrub to 45 cm (18 in) high with oval, deep green, rather thick leaves that have an unpleasant smell if bruised. It is also valued for its rough, grey trunk which tends to get lighter in color with age. The Serissa flowers practically all year round, but particularly from spring to fall (autumn). The flowers are funnel-shaped and mostly white in color. Cultivars with double flowers or variegated leaves are also available. 'Pink Snow Rose' has pale pink flowers and leaves edged off-white. These small shrubs are much loved as bonsai for their tiny flowers which may occur 2-3 times yearly, gnarled trunks, and naturally miniature leaves. When in bloom, remove fading flowers to encourage further flower production. Prune as needed; the Serissa is a fast grower and may need radical or repeated pruning to maintain its shape. Will bud back on old wood; in fact, some books recommend occasionally pruning back beyond old growth to help the plant maintain its shape. Wire during the growing period. Serissa will grow air roots and is often used in exposed root or root over rock styles. Eliminate unwanted suckers extending from the base. Suitable for all styles except formal upright and broom. Suitable for extra small to medium sizes. If kept indoors, needs 1000 Lux. Use of grow lamps for 12 hours daily is beneficial. Too little light will result in leggy growth. The S. Japonica has somewhat elongated spoon shaped, shiny green leaves. It is a twiggy tree that grows tighter with shearing. This northern Chinese Serissa has small white trumpet shaped blossoms and is trained into pleasing shapes with a full upright canopy.Also the variety Serissa Crassiramea is suitable for bonsai.
This small ornamental tree with a straight trunk produces a mass of large, 3-4" white flowers resembling little birds. Its lower branches create a floral canopy from November to June. Tolerates flooding. The flower is large and distinctively curved. Vertical pods, located near the flowers, can contain up to 20 seeds. The tender leaves, green fruit, and flowers are eaten alone as a vegetable or mixed into curries or salads. Flowers may be dipped in batter and fried in butter. Tender portions serve as cattle fodder. Ripe pods apparently are not eaten. The inner bark can serve as fiber and the white, soft wood not too durable, can be used for cork. The wood is used, like bamboo, in Asian construction. The tree is grown as an ornamental shade tree, and for reforestation. Bark, leaves, gums, and flowers are considered medicinal. In Java, the tree is extensively used as a pulp source. A gum resembling kino (called katurai), fresh when red, nearly black after exposure, exudes from wounds. This astringent gum is partially soluble in water and in alcohol, but applied to fishing cord, it makes it more durable. Pepper vines (Piper nigrum) are sometimes grown on and in the shade of the agati. Dried and powdered bark is used as a cosmetic in Java. An aqueous extract of bark is said to be toxic to cockroaches.
Small bushy tree up to 15 feet tall with spectacular clusters of red flowers. The plant has bright green, drooping leaflets in opposite pairs, and the plant displays very attractive pea-like flowers in hanging clusters appearing from spring to fall. Throughout the summer and fall, the plant produces hundreds of seedpods that may stay on the plant through the winter. The four-winged seedpods hang in clusters, and mature from green to brown. Each pod contains 3-9 seeds, which create a distinct rattling sound when shaken or moved by a breeze. The pods eventually break open, releasing thousands of seeds which grow into new Sesbania plants. The plant may become invasive when grown near water, seeds spread by water streams. The winged seedpods drop off of the plant into nearby water and then travel downstream to fertile ground. The seeds have a very high germination rate, so many new plants sprout annually. All parts of the plant, particularly the seeds, are poisonous to mammals, birds and reptiles. As a small tree it has a spreading open crown reaching 6 to 8 feet in height. It often forms dense thickets. In the United States, the tree was introduced as a garden ornamental. The plant matures in one year and blooms the first year, too.
Fast growing, small size tree with pendant yellow flowers and long, slender pods. It has a long history of use in India. It has been used as a live support for black pepper, grapes, cucurbits and betel vine and as a shade tree for coffee and turmeric. Grows in a wide range of soils from loose sands to heavy clays. Tolerates saline soils. Tolerates light frosts, but will be killed by heavy frost. Yellow flowers and long, slender pods.
Sesuvium portulacastrum has smooth, fleshy, glossy green leaves that are linear or lanceolate, from 10-70 millimetres (0.39-2.76 in) long and 2-15 millimetres (0.079-0.591 in) wide. Flowers are pink or purple.
A large coarse evergreen grass to 6 feet tall with an equal spread. It has long broad pleated leaves that superficially resemble palm leaves. The inflorescence is a greenish cylindrical spike that stands above the leaves on a slender, arching stalk that reaches several feet above the foliage.
Sal trees are found from Burma in the East, to Assam, Bengal, Nepal, the Deccan Plateau, going up to the foothills of the Shivaliks on the left bank of the Yamuna. One of the most important timber species in India and Nepal. It is one of the most prized timbers for construction. Sal forests in Nepal occur mainly in the Terai region, however, they are also distributed in the mid-mountain areas. Sal is a gregarious species and it forms the dominant composition in the forests where it occurs. The seeds are used for fat extraction. Sal is a tall handsome tree providing very good quality timber. Sal is a gregarious species and it forms the dominant composition in the forests where it occurs. It grows well in a well-drained, moist, sandy loam soil. It is a moderate to slow growing species and can attain a height of about 30 to 35 m and a girth of about 2 to 2.5 m in about 100 years under favorable conditions. The Sal tree is an object of worship among Buddhists and Hindus in India and the adjoining countries. The legend has it that the famous Lumbini tract where Lord Buddha had sat for meditation and acquired salvation constituted a thick forest of Sal trees.
The vine is perennial, herbaceous, fast-growing, heavy, requiring a strong trellis; climbing trees. The cylindrical fruits of this tropical vine may reach 2'. It is recognized as an edible fruit in many tropical regions where it is eaten sliced thin, or used in making jam or other preserves and is also cooked as a vegetable or in soup and stews.
Sida fallax is an extremely variable plant. Individual plants of this species vary in height, leaf size and shape, degree of hairiness, flower color and size. Plants may be erect or prostrate and are found in drier areas in sandy soils, often near the ocean.