TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Senna corymbosa, Cassia falcata, Southern Cassia, Flowery Senna, Argentina Senna

Senna corymbosa, Cassia falcata

Southern Cassia, Flowery Senna, Argentina Senna
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Senna corymbosa is one of a family of over 500 species of trees, shrubs, perennial herbs and annuals that make up the family of Cassias/Sennas, most of which come from the Tropics. Senna corymbosa is from sub-tropical South America and is designated Zone 8. It is a shrub or small tree growing in nature to around 12 ft producing racemes of golden-yellow flowers through the Summer months. It is suitable for pot cultivation for the patio or conservatory. Perfectly grows and blooms in containers due to its slow growth habit and won't overgrow the pot. Perfect for a sunny patio.

This plant was previously misnamed as Cassia odorata.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_corymbosa.htm

Senna floribunda, Cassia floribunda, Golden Showy Cassia, Devils Finger

Senna floribunda, Cassia floribunda

Golden Showy Cassia, Devils Finger
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

A free flowering, bushy, evergreen, large size shrub or small tree with large heads of yellow flowers resembling butterflies over many months in autumn through spring. Seeds are very ornamental, finger-shaped pods are extremely unusual.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_floribunda.htm

Senna italica, Senegal Senna, Italian Senna, Port Royal Senna

Senna italica

Senegal Senna, Italian Senna, Port Royal Senna
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Africa
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterYellow/orange flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

A low branched herb producing characteristic caterpiller-shaped pods.

In India, it is used to produce a dye known as 'neutral henna'.



Senna italica, Senegal Senna, Italian Senna, Port Royal Senna
Senna italica, Senegal Senna, Italian Senna, Port Royal Senna
Senna italica, Senegal Senna, Italian Senna, Port Royal Senna
Senna italica, Senegal Senna, Italian Senna, Port Royal Senna


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_italica.htm

Senna multijuga, Cassia multijuga, False Sicklepod

Senna multijuga, Cassia multijuga

False Sicklepod
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Brazil, Guyana
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Low to moderate water needs, drought tolerant, needs a well-drained soil. Very cold hardy, tolerates freeze at least for a few hours.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_multijuga.htm

Senna oliogophylla, Outback Cassia

Senna oliogophylla

Outback Cassia
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Australia
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterYellow/orange flowers

Glossy green leaves and red stems. Bright yellow spring flowers are followed by decorative red-bronze seedpods.



Senna oliogophylla, Outback Cassia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_oliogophylla.htm

Senna pendula, Christmas senna

Senna pendula

Christmas senna
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Tropical America
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

The flowers are very showy. Christmas senna needs frequent pruning to control sprawl and to develop a strong branch system that won't break under its own weight. Larger specimens may require staking to keep them from falling over. Frequent pinching of young shoots during the growing season will encourage branching and increase the number of flowers.



Senna pendula, Christmas senna
Senna pendula, Christmas senna


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_pendula.htm

Senna polyphylla, Cassia biflora, Cassia microphylla,Cassia polyphylla, Cassia tenuissima, Peiranisia polyphylla, Desert Cassia

Senna polyphylla, Cassia biflora, Cassia microphylla,Cassia polyphylla, Cassia tenuissima, Peiranisia polyphylla

Desert Cassia
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Bahamas
Can be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

A small tree with a beautiful cascading habit, tiny leaves, suitable for pot culture and bonsai. This early bloomer produces 1" yellow flowers. Flowers: fall to spring. Excels in toughest conditions, chosen as plant of the year in 1999 by the Florida Nurserymen and Growers Associations. The desert cassia requires little to no care and is drought tolerant. Propagated from seed. There are no pests or diseases associated with this tree. Attracts butterflies. Other names: Cassia biflora, Cassia marginata, Cassia microphylla, Cassia polyphylla, Cassia tenuissima, Peiranisia polyphylla





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_polyphylla.htm

Senna sp., Cassia sp., Cassia

Senna sp., Cassia sp.

Cassia
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterYellow/orange flowersUnknown name



Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_sp.htm

Senna surattensis, Senna sulfurea, Cassia glauca, Cassia surattensis , Glaucous Cassia, Scrambled Egg Bush

Senna surattensis, Senna sulfurea, Cassia glauca, Cassia surattensis

Glaucous Cassia, Scrambled Egg Bush
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Marqueas, India, Sri Lanka
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunDry conditionsYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Cassia is a large genus with some 500 species, among which are a number of highly attractive flowering trees. This is a medium to large tree (Height: 18-20 Feet. Spread: 15-18 Feet) with ovate, pointed leaflets; when these drop, usually in the dry season, masses of bright gold flower clusters appear on almost every branch. Cassia likes full sun and well-drained soil and to bloom profusely require a dry season. Bright yellow clusters of flowers. Pea-like pod containing 3 to 5 seeds. Season: Fall - Winter. Specimen or Landscape Tree.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/senna_surattensis.htm

Serenoa repens, Sabal serrulata, Saw Palmetto

Serenoa repens, Sabal serrulata

Saw Palmetto
Family: Arecaceae / Palmae
Origin: South East USA
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunModerate waterPalm or palm-likeSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Saw palmetto is a small hardy fan palm whose stem usually remains below ground or runs just along the surface. An especially attractive form with silvery-blue leaves occurs along the Atlantic coast in Florida and is the form most often grown in gardens and landscapes. Prefers full sun, but can tolerate partial sun. Prefers moist, but well drained position. Very tolerant of coastal exposure.

This palm is highly valued for its medicinal properties. Seeds of Saw Palmetto are widely used in traditional medicine to make an extract for curing prostate problems. Tons of Palmetto seeds are collected in Florida every year for medical industry.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/serenoa_repens.htm
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