TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Aetanthus nodosus, Aetanthus

Aetanthus nodosus

Aetanthus
Family: Loranthaceae
Origin: Ecuador
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The Aetanthus nodosus, is an evergreen shrub that is a native to Ecuador. It grows to a height of 10 to 20 feet, with a spread of around four to eight feet. Aetanthus nodosus have a pleasing fragrance and produce beautiful vinous flowers. The flowers of this small tree are red in colour and have yellow or orange centres.

Aetanthus nodosus is a hardy species that can withstand drought and requires full sun or semi-shade. This small tree is a great addition to any garden for its breezy demeanor and is also known for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds. The mature plants are cold hardy to at least the 30s F for a short time.

Aetanthus nodosus requires well-drained soil and can be planted in USDA Zones 9 to 11. When planted in a pot, it should be given good soil, a pot with drainage holes, and placed in the sun, but protected from the cold in areas with cooler climates. In the pot, it should be given a slow-release fertilizer in the spring and extra water when necessary. During the colder months, the plant should be moved to a sheltered area such as a porch, garage, or sunroom. The pot should be rotated regularly so that the plant gets sunlight from all directions and it should be kept away from any vents or hot air.

Overall, Aetanthus nodosus is an easy-to-care-for shrub that is ideal for warm climates and those who appreciate the unique beauty of its red, crimson and vinous flowers. This small tree is resilient, yet delicate and provides a bit of natural beauty to any garden.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aetanthus_nodosus.htm

Afgekia mahidolae, Afgekia

Afgekia mahidolae

Afgekia
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Thailand
Vine or creeperFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterPink flowers

Afgekia mahidolae, Afgekia
Afgekia mahidolae, Afgekia
Afgekia mahidolae, Afgekia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/afgekia_mahidolae.htm

Afgekia sericea, Silky Afgekia

Afgekia sericea

Silky Afgekia
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Thailand
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallVine or creeperFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterPink flowersYellow, orange flowers

In its natural habitat, Afgekia sericea is a large shrub, usually about 5-10 feet tall but occasionally reaching up to 20 feet in height. It also has an interesting vining or creeper shape, with its stems reaching out and spreading across the ground. This plant's foliage adds an interesting touch to any garden, with its rich green leaves and stems that are covered in small hairs, giving it its silky, soft appearance.

The flowers of this plant are what truly make it stand out, blooming from late summer to early autumn in either pink or yellow and orange hues. Pink flowers are produced in greater numbers, but if given enough sunny exposure, yellow and orange buds can also make an appearance.

Afgekia sericea is quite easy to grow and care for, as long as its given the right exposure and moisture. While this plant can tolerate both full sun and semi-shade, it will be far more likely to flower in the former. It thrives with moderate water, but can also survive brief dry spells.

In cooler areas, this plant can be grown in a pot or container, although it may need some extra winter protection in regions where temperatures drop below freezing. To do this, it is recommended to move the plant to a sheltered spot in the garden and mulch or layer compost around the base of the pot to protect it from the cold. In the spring, it will be ready to be moved back into the sun.

Afgekia sericea is a great addition to any outdoor space, adding a touch of color and a unique vining shape to the garden. With the right care and attention, this large shrub can be a beautiful addition to any garden for many years to come.



Afgekia sericea, Silky Afgekia
Afgekia sericea, Silky Afgekia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/afgekia_sericea.htm

Aframomum sp., Aframomum, Melegueta pepper, Guinea pepper, Alligator Pepper, Grains of Paradise
Aframomum mildbraedii

Aframomum sp.

Aframomum, Melegueta pepper, Guinea pepper, Alligator Pepper, Grains of Paradise
Family: Zingiberaceae
Origin: Tropical Africa
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadePink flowersWhite, off-white flowersYellow, orange flowersSpice or herbSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The genus Aframomum is well known in African forests because the bright red, fleshy fruit of several species contain a sweet juicy pulp and is eaten widely by primates and other mammals.

Aframomum melegueta is a herbaceous perennial plant native to swampy habitats along the West African coast. Its trumpet-shaped, purple flowers develop into 5- to 7-cm long pods containing numerous small, reddish-brown seeds.

Seeds of this rare Ginger are similar in flavor to cardamom and used as a pungent spice. This Ginger has many bioactives, great for digestive and intestinal health. The plant has many other medicinal values: anti-diabetic and anti-obese mechanisms, aphrodisiac and testosterone boosting properties. Aframomum melegueta may be promising for a spice to add to a diet in hopes of body recomposition. Studies show this spice increases sexual behavior.



Aframomum sp., Aframomum, Melegueta pepper, Guinea pepper, Alligator Pepper, Grains of Paradise
Aframomum melegueta
Aframomum sp., Aframomum, Melegueta pepper, Guinea pepper, Alligator Pepper, Grains of Paradise
Aframomum sp., Aframomum, Melegueta pepper, Guinea pepper, Alligator Pepper, Grains of Paradise
Aframomum melegueta
Aframomum sp., Aframomum, Melegueta pepper, Guinea pepper, Alligator Pepper, Grains of Paradise
Aframomum melegueta


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aframomum_sp.htm

Aframomum melegueta - Grains of Paradise, African Cardamom

Grains of Paradise, African Cardamom. Seeds of this rare Ginger are similar in flavor to cardamom and used as a pungent spice. This Ginger has many bioactives, great for digestive and intestinal health. The plant has many other medicinal values: anti-diabetic and anti-obese mechanisms, aphrodisiac and testosterone boosting properties. Aframomum melegueta may be promising for a spice to add to a diet in hopes of body recomposition. Studies show this spice increases sexual behavior.

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Afrocarpus falcatus, Podocarpus falcatus, Common Yellowwood, Bastard Yellowwood, African Pine Tree, Weeping Yew

Afrocarpus falcatus, Podocarpus falcatus

Common Yellowwood, Bastard Yellowwood, African Pine Tree, Weeping Yew
Family: Podocarpaceae
Origin: South Africa
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/afrocarpus_falcatus.htm

Afrocarpus gracilior, Podocarpus gracilior, African Fern Pine

Afrocarpus gracilior, Podocarpus gracilior

African Fern Pine
Family: Podocarpaceae
Origin: Eastern Africa
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiBig tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate water

Can grow up to 20 to 40 ft tall and make a lovely addition to any garden. This native to Eastern Africa can also be used to create a bonsai, because it has an attractive shape with graceful drooping foliage.

This evergreen grows best in full sun or semi-shade that has excellent drainage. It thrives in well-drained soil with a regular supply of water, especially during the dry season. To maximize its growth potential, the soil should be acid or neutral.

This tree can usually survive in USDA Zone 9-11, however it can become vulnerable to frost or a sharp decrease in temperatures. If you are in a colder climate, it can be grown in a pot and taken indoors during the cold season for additional protection. When potting and growing indoors, it needs a well-drained soil and full sun to look its best. It is a water-loving tree, so we recommend providing a moderate water supply, especially during the summer months.

In conclusion, Afrocarpus gracilior is an attractive and graceful evergreen that, with proper care and cultivation, can grow up to 40 ft tall and make a nice addition to any home or garden. For those living in colder climates, the tree can be grown in a pot and taken indoors during the winter season to avoid frost damage. With regular supply of water, full sun and a well-drained soil with neutral to acid pH, this tree will thrive.



Afrocarpus gracilior, Podocarpus gracilior, African Fern Pine
Afrocarpus gracilior, Podocarpus gracilior, African Fern Pine


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/afrocarpus_gracilior.htm

Afrocarpus mannii, Podocarpus mannii, Afrocarpus

Afrocarpus mannii, Podocarpus mannii

Afrocarpus
Family: Podocarpaceae
Origin: Tropical Africa
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular water

Afrocarpus mannii is a small tree, reaching up to 10-20 feet tall. It has a dense canopy of slender, dark green leaves, and bears small, oval, navy-blue cones.

Native to Tropical Africa, this unique tree requires quite particular care in order to thrive. This species requires full sun exposure, in semi-shaded areas, to ensure continual growth and healthiness. Regular watering is necessary, though too much water may lead to root rot, so a careful balance should be sought.

In USDA hardiness zone 9-11, Afrocarpus mannii grows well outdoors, though it can also be grown in a pot in cold regions as long as special care is taken to keep it healthy. In containers, an appropriate soil mix should be used, and the tree should ‘rest' in winter, with limited watering and fertilization. If the temperature drops to around 45-50 degrees Fahrenheit, it may need some additional protection. Furthermore, the roots should be kept cool, so they remain dormant during the cold months.

In warmer climates, Afrocarpus mannii will grow vigorously and may require frequent pruning in order to maintain its desired shape and size. When pruning, take caution to not remove too much at once as this could weaken the tree and increase the risk of disease.

Afrocarpus mannii is a unique and exotic addition to any garden, with its unique dark green leaves and small, navy blue cones. This species requires special care and attention in order to thrive, but its unique beauty makes it a great reward for any gardener.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/afrocarpus_mannii.htm

Afzelia xylocarpa, Craib, Makha Tree, Cambodia Beng Tree

Afzelia xylocarpa

Craib, Makha Tree, Cambodia Beng Tree
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Southeast Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunModerate waterUnusual colorEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Afzelia xylocarpa is easy to grow and is best suited for full sun and moderate water. The trees can tolerate drought, freezing temperatures, and a wide range of soil types. This species of tree requires moist, well-drained soil to thrive. It is not suitable for growing in pots in cold regions. The tree can grow in USDA hardiness Zone 9-11, and proper location and fertilization will keep it healthy and vibrant.

Afzelia xylocarpa is an unusual tree with its combination of broadleaf leaves and conifer-like bark with peeling stripes. The irregularly shaped leaves that turn yellow, yellow-green or yellow-gold in autumn make it an attractive choice for landscape design. Its large clusters of yellow-orange, seedpods up to 8 inches long are a striking contrast to the green of the tree.

The tree is traditionally used as an ethnomedical plant. The seed was traditionally used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, eye infections, and toothaches. In Cambodia, Afzelia xylocarpa (locally known as Beng) are planted as shading trees due to its wide-ranging branches. At roadsides and waterways, the tree provides a good wind barrier and protection from water-driven soil erosion.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/afzelia_xylocarpa.htm

Aganosma marginata, Khruea Sai Tan

Aganosma marginata

Khruea Sai Tan
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: SE Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallVine or creeperFull sunRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Aganosma marginata, also known as the Kruea Sai Tan, is a large shrub, typically growing in between 5-10 feet. Native to Southeast Asia, it is mainly grown in the USDA Zone 9-11, although it can tolerate colder temperatures in certain conditions. This shrub is a woody, climbing plant with white latex and flowers that have a pleasant and richly fragrant aroma.

The Kruea Sai Tan can have a variety of uses including being used as an ornamental, a screening plant or even for covering wires. Additionally, it has many ethnic and medicinal uses in Southeast Asian herbal and Traditional Chinese Medicine.

When planted, the Kruea Sai Tan needs to be given both ample water and plenty of direct sunlight, especially during the growing season. Fertilizers may also be added to give it additional nutrients and it should be away from sources of excessive wind and frost. A well-draining soil is also important. When keeping it in containers, the drainage holes should be regularly checked to avoid water-logging of the roots.

The Kruea Sai Tan is a beautiful addition to any garden. With an appropriate irrigation and drainage regime, it can thrive and produce an abundance of vibrant flowers to enjoy. Furthermore, it is tolerant to maritime exposure, making it an ideal choice for those living in coastal regions. However, if you are living in a cold climate, you must take extra care of the plant to ensure its health and growth.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aganosma_marginata.htm

Agapanthus sp., African Lily

Agapanthus sp.

African Lily
Family: Amaryllidaceae    (Formerly:Alliaceae / Liliaceae /Amaryllidaceae)
Subfamily: Agapanthoideae
Origin: South Africa
USDA Zone: 8-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Sky blue funnel-shaped flowers occur in many-flowered cymes on long, erect stems. Agapanthus is originating from Southern Africa. Both deciduous and evergreen, some have thick, strappy leaves and others grass-like foliage. They range from fully hardy to half hardy, with the evergreen varieties generally the most tender.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/agapanthus_sp.htm
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