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Vitis cinerea is an American native grape. The leaves are cordiform-emarinate, flabby, dull, limb finely wrinkled (like crepe) between the sub-veins. The fruits of Vitis cinerea are sweet-tart when mature and edible.
The preference is partial sun, moist conditions, and a fertile loamy soil.
The Vitis rotundifolia, or Muscadine Grape is a deciduous plant native to North America, ranging from Delaware south to Florida, west to Kansas and Mexico. Muscadines are a sturdy vine or creeper with deeply dented evergreen leaves, producing small clusters of small, firm, juicy and sweet fruits that can range in color from bronze to dark purple to black when ripe. They have a skin sufficiently tough that biting a small hole in the skin to suck out the pulp inside is often necessary in order to eat the raw fruit.
The uses of the muscadine grape are diverse and delightful. Fresh muscadines can be eaten as is, or used to make jelly, jams, pies and other treats. They can also be juiced and made into wine. Furthermore, consuming muscadine grapes has many health benefits, as they are high in vitamins and minerals, including vitamins C and E and manganese. Muscadine wines and juices also boast other benefits such as relief from colds and flu.
For those looking to grow their own muscadine grapes, they need plenty of sun with good air drainage. Plant will grow in USDA Zone 5-9. When grown in northern climates, muscadines make great plants for container gardening, as long as they are provided with regular water.
Muscadine grapes are a delicious, healthy and versatile North American native. Not only can these grapes be eaten fresh, they can also be used to make juices, jellies and wines that are great for everything from a sweet wine to a health tonic. With some regular watering and plenty of sun, these hardy vines will bear a bounty of delicious grapes.
Vitis is a genus of about 60 species of vining plants. The grape is usually a woody vine, climbing by means of tendrils (modified branches) and when untrained often reaching a length of 17 metres (56 feet) or more. In arid regions it may form an almost erect shrub. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed, and always tooth-edged. Small greenish flowers, in clusters, precede the fruit, which varies in color from almost black to green, red, and amber.
The plants are valued for their decorative foliage, often coloring brightly in autumn; their ability to clothe walls, pergolas and arches, thus providing shade; and their fruits, which may be eaten as dessert or provide the basis for homemade wines.
Vitis vinifera (Wine grape) is a gorgeous vine that flourishes in full sun, making it an excellent addition to any sunny spot in your garden. This plant is deciduous and attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. It requires regular watering once a week during warmer months, but only needs moderate watering in cooler weather. The plant is mature and cold hardy in USDA Zone: 6-10.
The fruit is small, round, with thin skin and juicy flesh. It comes in a range of colors from green and yellow to dark-red, and is popular for producing delicious wines, jams/jellies, juice, and soda. The fruit is also packed with health benefits, containing vitamins A, B, and C as well as magnesium, calcium, and iron. It is renowned for being rich in antioxidants and for its ability to strengthen the immune system.
There are currently more than 5000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes, though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production.