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Very large rainforest tree to 120ft. Eaten fresh. Seeds are also edible. The pedalai comes from northern Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi and the Moluccas. It is a very rare specimen in Borneo. It is occasionally seen growing on the steep, clay hillsides of the inland regions. The foliage consists of very large (40 X 25 cms) handsome, dark green leaves, spectacularly digitately lobed when young but entire when mature. The pedalai bears some very beautiful, eye-catching, bright orange skinned fruits, globular in shape and about 15 cms in diameter. Small soft protrusions on the fruit surface sprout curly, yellow hairs like a giant rambutan. Pedalai is similar to the marang inside, but has a superior flavor, firmer flesh and slightly larger segments. The sweet, creamy-white flesh is easy to eat and like the marang the segments cling to the central core when the skin is removed. As with all the Artocarpus species the seeds are edible and those of the pedalai are considered to be some of the tastiest. They may be boiled, roasted or fried. Fruit odor is not as strong as it is with the fruit of the marang, Artocarpus odoratissimus.
Brosimum alicastrum, commonly known as the breadnut or Maya nut, is a tree species in the family Moraceae, genera including figs, mulberries and jackfruit. This tree is found on the west coast of central Mexico and in southern Mexico (Yucatán, Campeche), Guatemala, El Salvador, the Caribbean, and the Amazon.
The breadnut fruit disperses on the ground at different times throughout its range. It has a large seed covered by a thin, citrus-flavored, orange-colored skin favored by a number of forest creatures. More importantly, the large seed which is enveloped by the tasty skin is an edible nut that can be boiled or dried and ground into a meal for porridge or flatbread. Breadnut is nutritious and has value as a food source, and may have formed a part of the diet of the pre-Columbian Maya of the lowlands region in Mesoamerica. It was planted by the Maya civilization two thousand years ago and it has been claimed to have been a staple food in the Maya diet. The breadnut is high in fiber, calcium, potassium, folic acid, iron, zinc, protein and B vitamins and is very high in antioxidants. The fresh seeds can be cooked and eaten or can be set out to dry in the sun and eaten later. Stewed, the nut tastes like mashed potato; roasted, it tastes like chocolate or coffee. It can be prepared in numerous other dishes. In Guatemala, the breadnut is being cultivated for exportation and local consumption as powder, for hot beverages, and bread.
The paper mulberry is one of the most adaptable and widely distributed tree species in the world. Used in Polynesia for making tapa cloth by macerating and pounding the inner bark, and in China and Japan for the making of paper. Introduced to Europe in 1750 and subsequently, North America. It is widely naturalized, particularly in the eastern US, as it is frost-hardy and reproduces both by root suckers and seed. Note the dimorphic leaves, some are irregularly lobed and others are completely unlobed. Male flowers are pendulous catkins and female are urn-shaped followed by small orange-red aggregate berries.
Castilla elastica was the principal source of latex among the Mesoamerican peoples in pre-Columbian times.
Cecropia peltata, also called trumpet-tree, is a fast growing tropical tree. Very showy tree with spreading crown and large leaves up to 24 inches wide with silver-white lower surfaces. Cylindrical, soft-flesh fruit are drooping in clusters resembling octopus. They very tasty - sweet, watery, aromatic.
See Article: How to grow Cecropia from seeds.
Close related species - Cecropia polystachya.
Dorstenia bahiensis is an interesting plant with strange looking receptacles. At maturity, seeds shoot ballistically from the mature flower/fruit heads, and they germinate readily whenever the land on soil or other moist substrate.
The plant can be propagated from cutting the rhyzomes.
It covers well exposed soil in greenhouses, dark corners, and shaded beds.