TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 28    Prev  Next    Go to page:  1  2  3

Dietes sp., Wild Iris, Fairy Iris, African Iris

Dietes sp.

Wild Iris, Fairy Iris, African Iris
Family: Iridaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowersYellow, orange flowers

These are evergreen perennials with spreading fans of stiff, leathery sword shaped leaves. The upright clumps of leaves are held in a vertical fanlike plane and they spread on creeping rhizomes. The flowering stalks are branched and stiffly wiry, bearing irislike flowers throughout spring and summer. Grow fortnight lilies in light, dappled shade to nearly full sun.

Species and varieties:

Dietes bicolor

Dietes grandiflora

Dietes iridioides Amatola

Dietes robinsoniana





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/dietes_sp.htm

Eleutherine bulbosa, Sisyrinchium bulbosum, Galatea bulbosa , Lagrimas De La Virgen, Yahuar Piripiri

Eleutherine bulbosa, Sisyrinchium bulbosum, Galatea bulbosa

Lagrimas De La Virgen, Yahuar Piripiri
Family: Iridaceae
Origin: Central to South America
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Eleutherine bulbosa is a small plant native to Central to South America, and is known for its white or off-white flowers. It typically grows 2-5 ft and can survive in USDA zone 9-11. In order to grow this attractive plant, it should be planted in full sun and watered regularly. This ethnomedical plant is used in cooking and pickling in Borneo, with the bulb being similar to a miniature red onion with a spicy taste.

When caring for Eleutherine bulbosa, they should be watered 2-3 times a week in the warmer months and once a week in the cooler months. To encourage the most blooms, deadhead any flowers that have wilted to promote new growth. If grown in a pot, particularly in cold regions such as USDA zone 9-11, the pot should be placed in a sheltered spot to protect it from dry conditions and frost. In colder climates, ensure that the soil is well drained and maintain a layer of mulch near the roots to keep the roots insulated from frost. However, the plant should not be overwatered, as the plant can become waterlogged in colder months. Prune it in spring to encourage more flowering. With these easy care instructions, you can enjoy the beauty of Eleutherine bulbosa in your garden!



Eleutherine bulbosa, Sisyrinchium bulbosum, Galatea bulbosa , Lagrimas De La Virgen, Yahuar Piripiri
Eleutherine bulbosa, Sisyrinchium bulbosum, Galatea bulbosa , Lagrimas De La Virgen, Yahuar Piripiri


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/eleutherine_bulbosa.htm

Ferraria sp.
Ferraria macrochlamys

Ferraria sp.

Family: Iridaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterBlue, lavender, purple flowersUnusual colorYellow, orange flowers

There are around 14 species, most growing in winter rainfall, summer dry climates.



Ferraria sp.
Ferraria macrochlamys


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ferraria_sp.htm

Iris (Bearded Hybrids), Bearded Iris
Iris 'Swazi Princess'

Iris (Bearded Hybrids)

Bearded Iris
Family: Iridaceae
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowersUnusual colorRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Iris is a genus of hybrid plants native to the northern temperate regions, named after the Greek goddess Iris who supposedly walked between heaven and earth on a rainbow and wherever she stepped on earth there were flowers of various colors. In most countries, irises can be found in many different styles of gardens. Bearded hybrids can be grown in any average to rich, sandy loam, but must have full sun, excellent drainage and good air circulation to thrive and avoid rhizome rot and leaf spot disease. They can also be prone to iris borers, where diseased foliage should be cut and infected rhizomes dug up and destroyed. During the summer time, it is advised to divide and transplant rhizomes once flowering is complete, as late planting may prevent bloom the ensuing spring.

These small perennials grow in a variety of shades and combinations, with most of them reaching two to five feet in height and spread. Commonly seen colors are blue, purple, white and off-white, but reddish-purple, pink and yellow varieties can also be found. Not all plants have same fragrant aroma, but those that do can attract butterflies, hummingbirds and sometimes other pollinators.

When it comes to care and maintenance, Iris needs regular watering, although the amount should be reduced during cooler months. It prefers full sun and rich, well-drained soil, but overwatering should be avoided as it can lead to leaf spot disease and rhizome rot. To keep the plants healthy, divide and transplant the rhizomes in midsummer, once flowering is over. For colder climates, iris can be grown in pots and kept indoors over the winter. If a frost is forecast, it should be planted in soil that drains quickly. A fertilizer can be added in early spring, while pruning should be done with sharp scissors. It is suitable for bonsai, especially with older specimens that already have a developed caudex. Likewise, it can be kept in a sunny room during winter to protect it from the cold.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/iris_bearded.htm

Iris (Bearded Hybrids, yellow flower), Bearded Iris
Iris 'Crackling Caldera'

Iris (Bearded Hybrids, yellow flower)

Bearded Iris
Family: Iridaceae
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterUnusual colorYellow, orange flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Many of hybrid origin, species native to northern temperate regions; the name is for the Greek goddess Iris who supposedly walked between heaven and earth on a rainbow, and wherever she stepped on earth there arose flowers with as many colors as the rainbow (refering to the many colors available in this genus); irises can be found in most styles of gardens in most countries.

The bearded hybrids can be grown in almost any average to rich, sandy loam but must have full sun, excellent drainage, and good air circulation to perform best and prevent rhizome rot and leaf spot diseases. The bearded hybrids are also prone to iris borers. Cut down any diseased foliage and dig up and destroy infested rhizomes. If needed, divide and transplant rhizomes in summer after flowering is complete. Do not wait too late in the year to plant iris as they may not become established enough to bloom the next spring.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/iris_bearded_yellow.htm

Iris sp. (Beardless irises), Beardless Irises, Water Irises

Iris sp. (Beardless irises)

Beardless Irises, Water Irises
Family: Iridaceae
Origin: East Asia
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunBog or aquaticKeep soil moistModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowersUnusual colorRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

Iris is a genus of flowering plants with showy flowers ranging in color from gold or yellow to white, blue, lavender and purple. Pink and apricot colored irises have also been bred in some species. The name "Iris" can be applied either to the genus, or to any of the species within it. It is also applied to various subdivisions within the genus.

There are many species of Iris, widely distributed throughout the north temperate zone. All Irises have long stems and six-lobed flowers with three petals sagging downwards (actually large sepals in the same color as the flower), and three standing upright. Some smaller iris species have all six lobes pointing straight outwards. Typical irises grow from a creeping rhizome, but some species, known as bulbous irises, have a bulb. The cushion irises are somewhat fastidious growers, and to be successful with them they must be planted rather shallow in very gritty well-drained soil. They should not be disturbed in the, autumn, and after the leaves have withered the roots should be protected from heavy rains until growth starts again naturaily.

Beardless irises comprise the Pacific Coast irises, Siberian, Spuria, Laevigata the water or Japanese irises, Louisiana, Unguiculares and Crested irises. Louisiana iris can survive in cold climates with winter protection, moved to a cold frame or frost free cellar.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/iris_beardless.htm

Iris tectorum Variegata, Variegated Chinese Roof Iris

Iris tectorum Variegata

Variegated Chinese Roof Iris
Family: Iridaceae
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftFull sunSemi-shadeBog or aquaticKeep soil moistBlue, lavender, purple flowersOrnamental foliageSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This dwarf Iris is highly variegated and incredibly striking. It produces light lavender flowers in spring. The show starts with rich purple flowers, then about mid summer, the leaves become shiny and heavily cream variegated. Likes most soils, not too dry and grows in water.

This species is similar to Iris japonica variegata, which has well ruffled mostly white flowers, striking variegated leaves, likes moist soil in part shade and spreads vigorously as opposed to Iris tectorum variegata that has a better behaved growth habit.



Iris tectorum Variegata, Variegated Chinese Roof Iris


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/iris_tectorum.htm

Ixia viridiflora, Green Ixia

Ixia viridiflora

Green Ixia
Family: Iridaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterUnusual color
Ixia viridiflora is a frost tender plant, thriving best in USDA plant hardiness zones 9-11. In cold climates, this small plant (2-5 feet in height) can be grown in a container and indoor during cold spells. For the container growing, use a potting mix that is well drained, as Ixia viridiflora is susceptible to root rot if overwatered. Plant the bulbs in autumn and they will form clumps that will remain in place for many years. During the growing season, give them enough water and fertilizer to sustain growth, particularly when the flower buds are developing. If the winter is too cold, or the bulbs are not well protected, they will not bloom the following summer. To protect the bulbs during winter, you must provide enough insulation like mulch or soil around the plants. When all the flowers have faded and the leaves have died down, the bulb can be lifted and dry stored in a dry and cool place before replanting in autumn. As one of the more unusual plants, Ixia viridiflora makes for a great addition to any garden.

Ixia viridiflora, Green Ixia
Ixia viridiflora, Green Ixia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ixia_viridiflora.htm

Lapeirousia arenicola, Lapeirousia

Lapeirousia arenicola

Lapeirousia
Family: Iridaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsPink flowers

Lapeirousia arenicola (Lapeirousia ) is a small shrub, growing 2 to 5 feet in height and width. This native of South Africa can tolerate full sun, as well as heat and drought. This drought tolerant shrub thrives in USDA Zones 9-11 and can survive temporary, light frosts in protected areas.

When establishing this low-maintenance shrub, water only once very week or twice a month during its first year. Be sure to water the plant when the top several inches of soil is dry, as this species does not tolerate standing water. During the first season also apply an all-purpose fertilizer one every two months to promote strong root growth.

This short shrub produces light pink flowers in the summer months boasting a deep red spot at the base of each petal. Once established, Lapeirousia arenicola provides years of easy-care beauty with very little upkeep. In cold regions, it is best to limit gardening to indoor containers or remaining planted in its pot outdoors. Make sure to shelter it from harsh winter temperatures, as it is not a frost-hardy species. During dormancy keep plants rather dry

Enjoy full sun by placing your Lapeirousia arenicola in a warm sheltered spot in the garden and give it moderate water. It prefers dry soils after a heavy threshold of initial watering in order to establish its roots. Too much water will lead to root rot. With the right balance, you will have a blooming, beautiful plant for the sunny days of summer.



Lapeirousia arenicola, Lapeirousia
Lapeirousia arenicola, Lapeirousia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/lapeirousia_arenicola.htm

Neomarica caerulea, Walking Iris, Twelve apostles, Apostle Plant

Neomarica caerulea

Walking Iris, Twelve apostles, Apostle Plant
Family: Iridaceae
Origin: Brazil
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterBlue, lavender, purple flowersFlood tolerantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

This species was discovered in Brazil near the ocean in shady sandy soil, so it is salt tolerant. Plants will grow in full sun but foliage color is best in light shade; water regularly. The best specimens seem to be in moist, well drained soil in locations with morning sun and some shade in the afternoon. Their fertilizer requirements are modest. Clumps may be divided but propagation from fresh seed is easy and fairly fast. Plants mature to flowering size from seed in less than a year. Cold hardy only to about 30F.

Variety Regina was introduced by Sid Gardino, and named after his wife, Regina.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/neomarica_caerulea.htm

Neomarica caerulea - Iris Regina

Iris Regina. This variety was discovered in Brazil near the ocean in shady sandy soil, introduced by Sid Gardino, and named after his wife, Regina.
The plant is salt tolerant. Plants mature to flowering size from seed in less than a year. Cold hardy only to about 30F.

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