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Endemic to Australia.
Trichosanthes kirilowii is a annual flowering plant.
This plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs. The young fruits are pickled. The pulp of older fruits is eaten. Mature fruits are about 10cm long. Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable. It is also grown for the ornamental flowers.
Species and varieties:
Xerosicyos danguyi is a climbing vine with cylindrical stems and thick succulent round leaves up to 2 inches across with long tendrils for climbing. Xerosicyos danguyi need warm to hot temperatures and at least 4 hours of full sun per day with a well-drained soil.
Xerosicyos perrieri, also known as Xerosicyos, is an ornamental evergreen vine or creeper native to Madagascar. This vine has dark green and elliptic to orbicular leaves, measuring up to 0.4 inch long. Xerosicyos thrives in semi-shade, and requires a soil rich in organic matter with a slightly acidic PH. The vine is suitable for cooler climates as it is hardy in USDA Zones 9-11.
Xerosicyos is a versatile vine and can be grown in a wide variety of different ways. It can be grown in the ground, in raised beds, and in containers in colder regions of the world with a bit more protection. It can also be grown against a wall and those who prefer a more organic look can use a trellis or bamboo canes to support the Xerosicyos.
When planting Xerosicyos in your garden, make sure to space 3 to 4 feet apart. The vine should be watered regularly and has higher water requirements during the summer when it is in full growth. Since Xerosicyos is fast-growing, you may need to prune it in order to keep it at an appropriate height.
Xerosicyos perrieri is an eye-catching addition to any garden with its dramatic ornamental foliage and its ability to attach itself easily to a wall. It is a drought-tolerant plant and low-maintenance, although it does require regular pruning to keep it in a manageable size. Growing in a pot in a colder climate will require a bit more protection from cold weather and double mulching. Make sure that the pot has adequate drainage and water regularly during the warmer months.
This stunning perennial vine can add a touch of rustic charm to any garden and is a great addition for creating a focal point. With its robust and fast-growing characteristic, Xerosicyos perrieri is a low-maintenance vine suitable for all types of gardeners.
Xerosicyos pubescens is a dioecious perennial, caudiciform plant, forming a large caudex from which creeper deciduous vines characterized by tendrils emerge. The leaves are lobed, finely hairy, and semi-succulent and die back in the dry season and during prolonged periods of drought.