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Citrus medica is characterized by its thick rind and small sections. Generally, it is eaten preserved or in bakery goods, such as fruitcakes. (The candied peel rather than the fruit is often used in cooking). The citron was the first of the citrus known to the Romans. In ancient time the fruit was never eaten (it began to be used in cooking by the early 2nd century), but its intense perfume was used, penetrating clothes to repel noxious insects.
It is sometimes confused with the pomelo (Citrus maxima), which is a close relation but is larger and pear-shaped. The grapefruit tree can grow to a height of 26 to 30 feet. Grapefruits are round, with a diameter of between 4 and 6 inches. Their thin skin may be either completely yellow or yellow with a pinkish hue. The pulp of the fruit may be yellow, pinkish, or reddish. It can be more or less sharp-tasting, acidic, sweet, and fragrant. Benefits: High in vitamin C and potassium, a good source of folate, iron, calcium, and other minerals, high in fiber, low in calories. Pink and red varieties are high in beta carotene, a precursor of vitamin A. Contains bioflavonoids and other plant chemicals that protect against cancer and heart disease.
Citrus reticulata x Citrus paradisi - Ugli Fruit, Uniq Fruit
Citrus grandis x Citrus paradisi - Pomelit
Citrus reticulata or the Mandarin orange is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling the Orange. The fruit is oblate, rather than spherical, and roughly resembles a pumpkin in shape. Mandarin oranges are usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. Varieties of Mandarin orange include the Tangerine, Clementine, Dancy, Tangor, Satsuma and several new varieties.
In some varieties, notably the tangerine, the rind is loose and can easily be removed by hand. The tangor, also called a temple orange, is a cross between a mandarin and an orange. Its thin rind is also easy to peel, and its pale orange pulp is spicy, full-flavored, and tart. Most canned mandarin oranges are satsumas.
Citrus × aurantium var. myrtifolia is sometimes considered a separate species, Citrus myrtifolia, the myrtle-leaved orange.
Small tree, generally only to 6-12ft. Fairly cold hardy, surviving temperature into the high 20C. The Meyer lemon grows well in standard citrus producing climates, but also grows in cooler areas, and areas that receive brief freezes. Its small size makes it a popular container plant indoors in temperate climates. Grows well in full sun or part shade (full sun in cooler climates.) Water regularly, less so during cold months. Fertilize during growing periods.
Propagation: Commonly by grafting cuttings to various citrus rootstocks. Can also be propagated by seed which usually come true, or fairly close to their parent. Takes 4 years to fruit from seed.
Orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus sinensis) and the fruits of this tree. It is a hybrid of ancient cultivated origin, possibly between Pomelo (Citrus grandis) and Tangerine (Citrus reticulata). It is a small tree, growing to about 30ft tall, with thorny shoots and evergreen leaves 2-4in long. The fruit originated in southeast Asia, in either India, Vietnam or southern China.
Oranges are widely grown in warm climates worldwide, and the flavors of orange vary from sweet to sour. The fruit is commonly peeled and eaten fresh, or squeezed for its juice. It has a thick bitter rind that is usually discarded, but can be processed into animal feed by removing water using pressure and heat. It is also used in certain recipes as flavoring or a garnish.
A rare, unique, relatively cold hardy tropical fruit tree native to India and Southeast Asia. The translucent lipstick pink fruit has a soft texture and the taste of grapes, accompanied with a peculiar unique flavor. It is is sweet and citrusy with notes of fennel, coriander, licorice, and coffee. The show stopping color of the berries makes it an excellent garnish. The tree also has edible leaves. The leaflets have a characteristic, curry-like smell when crushed.
Pink Wampee grows excellently in subtropical and tropical climates but is also cold hardy into the mid or even lower 20's. Medicinally, in Thailand and Southeast Asia, Pink Wampee is cultivated for the use of it's bark, branches, and roots as a potherb for variety of ailments.
Clausena excavata is also grown as an ornamental due to its pretty leaves.
Distant relative of the citrus fruits. The tree is fairly fast-growing or rather slow, depending on its situation; attractive, reaching 20 ft (6 m), with long, upward-slanting, flexible branches. A fully ripe, peeled wampee fruit, of the sweet or subacid types, is agreeable to eat out-of-hand, discarding the seeds. The pulp can be added to fruit cups, gelatins or other desserts, or made into pie or jam. Jelly can be made only from the acid types when under-ripe. The Chinese serve the seeded fruits with meat dishes. In Southeast Asia, a bottled, carbonated beverage resembling champagne is made by fermenting the fruit with sugar and straining off the juice. The fruit is said to have stomachic and cooling effects and to act as a vermifuge. The Chinese say that if one has eaten too many lychees, eating the wampee "will counteract the bad effects. Lychees should be eaten when one is hungry, and wampees only on a full stomach". The halved, sun-dried, immature fruit is a Vietnamese and Chinese remedy for bronchitis. Thin slices of the dried roots are sold in Oriental pharmacies for the same purpose. The leaf decoction is used as a hair wash to remove dandruff and preserve the color of the hair.
An aromatic, evergreen shrub covered with masses of starry pink flowers in winter and spring.