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Medium size, beautiful flowering tree that is also used in SE Asia as vegetable. Found in groups in mixed deciduous forest, common in dry region upto 1,000 m above sea level. The colourful leaves and and fast growing characteristics make this species suitable for ornamental planting. The shoots are eaten raw with chili sauce (nam phrik). The flowers are also served raw with nam phrik or with vermicelli and fish curry. The fruit is eaten fresh. Fruit is globose, fleshy, 4-6 cm long, 5 cm wide. Seeds oblong. The tree is normally grown from seeds. Multiplication is possible with stem cutting or layering, and separation of root suckers. The fruits are globose and heavy thus planting spot needs careful planning.
If you're looking for an attractive shrub with beautiful flowers and delicious fruit, you might try the Feijoa - a slow-growing evergreen shrub that can reach 15 ft high and 15 ft wide. In addition to the fruit it provides, the shrub also valued as a landscape specimen. The stiff shiny green leaves are lighter underneath and very showy flowers are produced from from April through June. They have long, scarlet stamens topped with large grains of yellow pollen. Petals are white tinged with purple on the inside, they are mildly sweet and edible and can make a refreshing addition to spring salads. Birds eating the petals pollinate the flowers along with bees - the chief pollinators. Once pollinated, fruits develop quickly. They range from 1 to 3 inches long and vary in shape from round to elongated pear shape. The waxy skin is dull blue-green, sometimes with a red or orange blush. The fruit emits a strong long-lasting perfume, even before it is fully ripe. The thick, white, granular, watery flesh and the translucent central pulp enclosing the seeds are sweet or subacid, suggesting a combination of pineapple and guava or pineapple and strawberry. When mature, the fruit drops from the plant, making harvesting easy if you don't have other plantings beneath these. Usually, the fruit season is August through October. The fruit can be used fresh, but it also makes an excellent jelly; fresh fruit blended with sugar has a ver aromatic wild strawberry flavor. The fruit is occasionally seen in the supermarkets, mainly imported from California, where it is grown commercially.
Feijoa prefers cool winters and moderate summers (80 to 90 F), it is cold hardy and will take down to 14 F without serious damage. Flower production is poor in areas with fewer than 50 hours of chilling. The flavor of the fruit is much better in cool than in warm regions. Salt tolerance is very good.
Plants grow well in a wide variety of soil types, but prefer slightly acidic conditions. When planted close together, the Feijoa shrubs make a nice hedge, screen, or windbreak.
See the article about this plant.
An unusual and tasty wild guava from the Brazilian Amazon. Rare in cultivation. Grows into a small tree, leaves are very interesting and distinctive, with wavy margins.
Fruit grow to 2-3", with an acidic, sour but guava-like flavor. Its juice is concentrated and must be diluted and sweetened to produce a delicious drink. The fruit is processed into ice cream sorbet, gelatins and candies. A great container specimen. Zones 9 to 11.
The Cattley Guava is a very attractive, cold hardy and undemanding small tree growing if unpruned to about 20 ft high, with glossy deep green evergreen leaves. New growth is reddish, which adds to the attractiveness of the tree and it has a handsome reddish-brown bark which peels.
1-2" fruits are produced from late spring to autumn from 1" white flowers, they are round, with a shiny reddish or yellow color. The pulp has many hard seeds and the flesh has a pleasant sweet to sub-acid flavor. Fruits can be eaten fresh or used in jellies, jams, juices and drinks.
There are two major varieties: Red and Yellow. Red-skinned fruits have white flesh more or less reddish near the skin. The yellow variety, sometimes called the Giant Puerto Rican Cattleya, has somewhat larger leaves and is a little more cold sensitive. The yellow-skinned fruits have faintly yellowish flesh; they are slightly larger and sweeter than those of the red variety.
Cattleya guavas make excellent landscape small trees, but also are easily grown and fruited in large containers. Growth rates are usually about two to four feet a year under good conditions. Trees should be fertilized in the landscape two to three times a year with a balanced fertilizer. Young trees may require some pruning to keep them desirably shaped. However, older trees require little attention. Cattley Guava is shallow-rooted but in spite of that, it is drought tolerant. It is also able to endure flooding for short periods. Guavas can take heavy pruning, however, and can be used as informal hedges or screens. Since the fruit is borne on new growth, pruning does not interfere with next years crop.
There is a number of properties of Cattley Guava that make it very special for any tropical garden.
- It is much hardier than the Tropical Guava and can survive temperatures of low 20's F without any damage.
- It responds well to pruning, and since the fruit form on new growth, pruning won't effect the production.
- It is one of the best choices for a rapidly growing hedge plant and wind protector for other tropical plants.
- It is one of the very few tropical plants that can easily tolerate alkaline soils - in fact, it seems as though it enjoys them! It can grow even in limestone. It can grow in very poor soils that would barely support other fruit trees.
- It requires very little watering once established, and can tolerate long periods of drought (young plants should be watered regularly until established).
- It produces masses of delicious fruit year to year under minimum or no care and doesn't look like has any pest problems.
- Trees have good salt tolerance and can be used close to coastal areas without any problem.
Costa Rican guava is a species of guava found mostly in Costa Rica but also grown in Guatemala, Nicaragua and other Central American countries. It has been successfully grown in California now and can be grown in mild higher regions.
Usually used to make jams, jellies, and preserves, or as a flavoring for drinks. It is used as the base for fresco de Cas, in which Costa Ricans mix it with sugar and water and sometimes add cream for a slightly acidic fruit drink.
Delicious flavorful fruit is sub-acid, great for drinks of eating out of hand for those who like sweet-n-sour fruit. Lots of vitamin C.
The yellow fruit, 2-3" around, similar to the common guava growth habit is similar to the cattley guava. Mature trees seem capable of withstanding short frosts.
Seeds germinate readily and seedlings grow fast.
The Guava is well known throughout the tropics, many people are familiar with it because of the large number of products made from this aromatic fruit. The plant is well distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics. This is a low growing tree up to 25 feet high and about the same spread. The bark is an attractive reddish brown and peels off revealing smooth gray bark beneath. The large coarse opposite leaves have prominent veins and young wood often is four-angled or winged. Trees flower and fruit throughout most of the year. Flowers are usually white and about an inch across with many stamens. Fruit size and shape is variable - from 2 to 4 inches across, from round to oblong and even pear-shaped. Guavas typically have very thin skins, easily bruised, so they have to be handled carefully when being shipped. In shape, size and other characteristics, the fruits of the numerous varieties are extremely variable. In color, the skin may be greenish white, yellowish, or pink. Flesh color inside ranges from light to dark pink or white with the pink-fleshed varieties having less acid than the white-fleshed. In flavor, varieties range from sweet to tart, all with the characteristic musky flavor and odor of the guava more or less pronounced. Most varieties bear many seeds embedded in the soft pulp of the center, there are a few varieties that are almost seedless.
Upon ripening, the fruit becomes soft and juicy. It may be eaten fresh, made into a juice or nectar contain fruit pulp, or made into preserves, jam, jelly, or paste. A distinctive, savory-fresh aroma of fruit is thermostable, thus survives processing. The guava is an excellent source of vitamins C and A.
Guava is a good tropical fruit tree not fussy on the soil quality, and produces fruit year after year. It is relatively cold hardy. Mature trees freeze at about 29 F, but young plants can be injured by light frost. Tropical Guava should be protected from extreme salt spray. Once established, it withstands drought well, but fruits better when watered on a regular schedule. The trees are rapid growers and start fruiting in 2-3 years from seed, however for specific varieties grafting is necessary as they don't come true from seed. Guavas are fast growers and heavy feeders, and benefit from regular applications of fertilizer.
Guava can make a nice container fruiting specimen, plants start blooming and producing fruit when they are as small as 1 gal pot size. It responds well to pruning and can be kept in compact bushy shape. In fact, Guava is probably the most popular container fruit tree among tropical plant growers.
Using SUNSHINE-Honey increases fruit production, fruit size and quality. On the photo below you can see Guava fruit without (left) and with SUNSHINE-Honey applications.
This is a very small, dwarf version of the beloved Guava. The tree grows only up to 5-6 ft tall with a short trunk and branching habit. Leaves are narrow and 2 inch long. This plant has many advantages for those who have limited space. It can be grown in a pot and fruits heavily. Blooms mostly from fall through spring, although the tree can bear fruit almost year around. The fruit is round, and almost a full size, 2 inch size, surprisingly for the dwarf habit of the plant.
Unique variegated guava with the sweetest fruit we ever tasted. Fruit is medium size, pear-shaped, variegated (white/green striped) outside when unripe, turning bright yellow when ripe. The flesh is pink, very aromatic, sweet and delicious, and contains only a few seeds that separate from pulp easily. This variety is resistant to insects and worms. The fruit is excellent and highly aromatic. Bushy shape, very full tree with large, broad, variegated leaves. Surprisingly for a variegated form, it is very healthy, strong, vigorous and fasts growing. The plant flowers and fruits in small size, perfect for containers. If planted in the ground, the tree grows small to medium size (10-15 ft) with has nice, symmetrical bushy shape. Everbearing, very reliable producer, the plant constantly has fruit, buds or flowers.
Ugni molinae is also very much an ornamental plant with it's very pretty pale pink flowers in summer, and red berries in the autumn. When the berries are ripe, they give off a mouthwatering sweet aroma.
Guavaberry should not be confused with Guava. These trees can be found growing wild in Central America, South America, and Caribbean. It was introduced to Florida, Hawaii, Bermuda, and the Philippines. Plants have red-brown branches and small pink and white flowers. The fruit, which are roughly half the size of cherries, are yellow-orange or dark-red and contain a small amount of translucent flesh surrounding a stone. It has excellent tangy acidic flavor and usually eaten fresh. Also used in beverages, as well as fermented and used in alcoholic drinks, and to make jams. Guavaberry liqueur, which is made from rum, is a common Christmas drink in Sint Maarten and the Virgin Islands. The plant is also used for medicinal purposes.
It grows well in dry and moist climates. Can be kept small with pruning. Hardy to short frost, to the upper 20's F.