Pictogram Guide · Mouse over pictogram for definition

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Acanthus ilicifolius, Holly-leaved Acanthus, Sea Holly, Holy Mangrove

Acanthus ilicifolius

Holly-leaved Acanthus, Sea Holly, Holy Mangrove
Family: Acanthaceae
Origin: India, Polynesia
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeBog or aquaticKeep soil moistRegular waterBlue/lavender/purple flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Thorny or spinyFlood tolerantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

It is a semi-woody, sprawling shrub sometimes up to 3 m tall. Its stems are shiny green with speckles, and a pair of spines at the leaf's angles.

It grows in mangrove forest, pure freshwater or waterlogged areas, and on dry land.

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Anthurium andraeanum, Flamingo Flower, Tail Flower

Anthurium andraeanum

Flamingo Flower, Tail Flower
Family: Araceae
Origin: Ecuador and Colombia
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeKeep soil moistEpiphytePink flowersWhite/off-white flowersUnusual colorRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowers

There are hundreds of species of this genus, all members of the Araceae family. The majority are fairly nondescript and a few are grown for their handsome foliage. There are only two species which are generally grown for their flowers, Anthurium andraeanum and Anthurium scherzerianum. Both types are basically epiphytic and grown best in a mix of bark, perlite and fern fiber such as that used in orchids or bromeliads. They will grow in soil but rarely perform well in that medium. Anthurium andraeanum is the florist anthurium, a plant with red, white or pink spatches which have an artificial, plastic-like look. Give a moderately high light intensity but avoid direct sunlight during the spring and summer months when the sun is most intense. A high humidity is essential as is warm temperature, 70-75 days, 65 minimum at night. The potting mixture should be kept moist, but not soggy during the spring- summer period and allowed to dry slightly between waterings from late fall through winter. A feeding of weak manure water and a fish emulsion may be given every two weeks from late winter to mid summer.

Both species have a tendency to grow up out of the pot. The exposed aerial roots should be wrapped in moist sphagnum.

When the plant is eight inches or higher out of the pot it may be cut off at the base and repotted in fresh potting mixture. Plants will occasionally split and form pups. These can be divided when large enough. Plants are also propagated by stem cuttings and seed, both of which are extremely difficult without greenhouse facilities.

Real Hawaiian lava rock is hand selected to provide a happy home for Anthurium. With reasonable care your volcano bonsai should last for years. Place in a bright window or on a countertop without direct sun and just keep a small amount of water in the saucer/tray provided. Requires consistently moist soil.

See Photo Gallery of Exotic Anthuriums.

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Anthurium hookeri, Bird's Nest Anthurium
Anthurium hookeri Ruffles

Anthurium hookeri

Bird's Nest Anthurium
Family: Araceae
Origin: Ecuador And Colombia
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftShadeSemi-shadeKeep soil moistEpiphyteOrnamental foliage

For those that love jungly plants. Their enormous wrinkly leaves have an almost cardboard like texture and grow to about 2ft. Used in places that have good natural light and lots of space and could benefit from a little bit of drama... In the wild it is epiphytic or epilithic (meaning that it grows without soil either on trees, or in the rocks. Do not plant too deeply, keep moist but not soaked. Beware of slugs and snails, eliminate them with bait or pick them up at night. Wash the foliage regularly to control mites. Mulch abundantly, and fertilize monthly.

The true species produces white berries while the hybrid plant produces red berries.

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Anthurium veitchii, King Anthurium

Anthurium veitchii

King Anthurium
Family: Araceae
Origin: Colombia
Small shrub 2-5 ftShadeSemi-shadeKeep soil moistRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersOrnamental foliage

Anthurium veitchii is known as the king of anthuriums. A houseplant with dramatic foliage, leaves reaching 3 feet long with a heart shaped base. Flower spike is leathery and greenish-white with a cream colored spadix. Likes partial shade or light shade. In winter, temperatures of not less than 65 degrees Fahrenheit are preferred. Likes a warm and humid atmosphere, so misting is beneficial. Reduce watering in the winter.

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Anthurium vittarifolium, Anthurium

Anthurium vittarifolium

Family: Araceae
Origin: Columbia
Small shrub 2-5 ftShadeSemi-shadeKeep soil moistEpiphyteRegular waterOrnamental foliage

The definitive strap-leaf Anthurium. This plant grows pendant, with leaves that can easily reach 6ft long and yet barely 2in wide! This particular clone with incredibly long leaves.

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