|Number of plants found: 6|
They form clumps of deeply divided, spiny leaves, which are gray-green above and fuzzy-white beneath. They produce round, compact heads of tiny pale blue or grayish-white flowers, resembling thistles, atop gray-white stems in late summer. Globe Thistles can live in any well-drained soil as long as it isn't too rich. They will survive in poor, dry soil. They should be in a position with full sun. These plants can be increased by seeds or division in the fall, or by root cuttings in the winter. Varietes: E. Ritro, E. Bannaticus, E. Gmelinii and E. Sphaerocephalus.
Beautiful orange flowered succulent that is ideal for hot, dry spots in the garden. The genus is named after the German zoologist, Dr Klein (1685-1759). The species name, fulgens, means shining and refers to the vibrant color of the flowers. The plant grows to a height of about 7" and is ideal for planting in rockeries or other dry, sunny spots, as the scarlet flower heads add a splash of color in mid-winter. The plant can be propagated easily from seed, stem cuttings and leaf cuttings. Sow fresh seed in seedtrays containing a very well-drained potting mixture such as 1/2 fine milled pine bark and 1/2 sharp sand. Cover the seed lightly and water carefully. Propagation from stem cuttings is using a mature stem that can be rooted as is. The pieces should be left to dry for 2 to 3 days before planting. The cuttings are then placed in a container of sharp river sand and kept in an airy, sunny position. Care must be taken not to over-water the cuttings-they are best kept on the dry side. Repot when sufficient roots have formed. Propagation by leaf cuttings: allow leaves to dry for 2 to 3 days and plant in a container of sharp river sand. It is best to insert the leaf at an angle with about 1/3 in the rooting medium. Treat as for cuttings. It should take 6 to 8 weeks for a new plant to appear.
A purple flower with prickly leaves whose name comes from the white veins on its leaves which exude a milky sap when broken.
Among all known herbal remedies, Milk Thistle finds its place as the leader in herbs to treat liver disease.
Acanthus montanus, also known as African mountain acanthus, False Thistle, Bear's breech, Mountain Thistle, and Alligator Plant, is a thinly branched unusual perennial with interesting foliage, basal clusters of oblong to lance-shaped glossy, dark green leaves reaching up to 12 inches long. The leaves have silver marks and wavy margins. It produces showy pink flowers in the summer to fall. It is said it is cold hardy to zone 9. The plant looks better in filtered light.
Several species, especially A. balcanicus, A. spinosus and A. mollis, are grown as ornamental plants.
Safflower is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant. It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds. Plants are 12 to 59 in tall with globular flower heads having yellow, orange, or red flowers. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 seeds per head. Safflower is native to arid environments having seasonal rain. It grows a deep taproot which enables it to thrive in such environments.
Safflower is one of humanity's oldest crops. Chemical analysis of ancient Egyptian textiles dated to the Twelfth Dynasty identified dyes made from safflower, and garlands made from safflowers were found in the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamun.
Safflower was also known as carthamine in the nineteenth century.
It is a minor crop today, with about 600,000 tons being produced commercially in more than sixty countries worldwide. India, United States, and Mexico are the leading producers, with Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, China, the Arab World, Argentina, Tanzania (Kibaigwa, Kongwa District) and Australia accounting for most of the remainder.
Traditionally, the crop was grown for its seeds, and used for coloring and flavoring foods, in medicines, and making red (carthamin) and yellow dyes, especially before cheaper aniline dyes became available. For the last fifty years or so, the plant has been cultivated mainly for the vegetable oil extracted from its seeds.
Safflower seed oil is flavorless and colorless, and nutritionally similar to sunflower oil. It is used mainly in cosmetics and as a cooking oil, in salad dressing, and for the production of margarine. It may also be taken as a nutritional supplement.
In dietary use, high-linoleic safflower oil has also been shown to increase adiponectin, a protein that helps regulate blood glucose levels and fatty-acid breakdown.
In culinary use, safflower oil compares favorably with other vegetable oils with its high smoke point.
Ancient Egyptians found the flower pleasing to the eye and included it in garlands placed on mummies. Dried safflower flowers are used in traditional Chinese medicine to alleviate pain, increase circulation, and reduce bruising.
The Globe Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) is a perennial thistle originating in Southern Europe around the Mediterranean. It grows to 1.4–2 metres (4.6–6.6 ft) tall, with arching, deeply lobed, silvery, glaucous-green leaves 50–82 centimetres (20–32 in) long. The flowers develop in a large head from an edible bud about 8–15 centimetres.