TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 4    

Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia, Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki

Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia

Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: India
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterYellow/orange flowersFragrantIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

A medium-sized tree up to 15 m high, Adenanthera pavonina is native to India and Malaysia. It has been planted extensively throughout the tropics as an ornamental and has become naturalized in many countries.

The tiny flowers are said to smell vaguely like orange blossoms.

The slender flattened pods become twisted as they split open at maturity to release up to 12 brilliant red, lens - shaped, extremely hard seeds. The ripened pods stay on the tree for some time. The seeds are used in necklaces and ornaments, as beads in jewellery, leis and rosaries. They were also used in ancient India for weighing gold. The seeds are curiously similar in weight. Four seeds make up about one gramme. In fact the name "saga" is traced to the Arabic term for "goldsmith".

In Malaysia and Indonesia, the trees provide shade and planted as "nurse trees" in coffee, clove and rubber plantations.

Although the raw seeds are toxic, when cooked they are edible: are roasted, shelled and then eaten with rice in Java, Indonesia. In Melanesia and Polynesia people call it the "food tree". The seeds are said to taste like soy bean. The young leaves can be cooked and eaten, but usually only during famine.

The hard reddish wood of the red sandalwood tree is used for cabinet making. A red dye, obtained from the wood, is used by Brahmins to mark religious symbols on their foreheads. A red powder made from the wood is used as an antiseptic paste. In Ancient Indian medicine, the ground seeds are used to treat boils and inflammations. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat gout and rheumatism. The bark was used to wash hair.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/adenanthera_pavonina.htm

Adenanthera pavonina - seeds

Red Sandalwood, Saga. Popular Indian tree with many uses. The tiny flowers are said to smell vaguely like orange blossoms. The seeds are used in necklaces and ornaments, as beads in jewellery, leis and rosaries. In Malaysia and Indonesia, the trees provide shade and planted as "nurse trees" in coffee, clove and rubber plantations. Seeds are roasted and then eaten with rice in Java, Indonesia. In Melanesia and Polynesia people call it the "food tree". The seeds are said to taste like soy bean. A red powder made from the wood is used as an antiseptic paste.
Plant seeds 1" deep in otting mix, keep warm, damp and in bright light. Scarify to expedite germination.
Ordering seeds info

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Baphia nitida , Barwood, Camwood, African Sandalwood

Baphia nitida

Barwood, Camwood, African Sandalwood
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Africa
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite/off-white flowers

This is a shrubby, hard-wooded tree with glossy dark green leaves and attractive creamy white pea flowers.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/baphia_nitida.htm

Santalum album, Sandalwood, Chandana

Santalum album

Sandalwood, Chandana
Family: Santalaceae
Origin: India
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterRed/crimson/vinous flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Sandalwood is a small tree that grows primarily in India. The wood of its stem, which grows from 20 to 30 feet high, is heavy and straight-grained and varies in color from white when young to yellow or orange when older. its oval leaves are covered with a whitish bloom; its small flowers, varying in color, grow in numerous cymes.

In traditional Chinese medicine, sandalwood oil is considered an excellent sedating agent.

The medicinal properties of sandalwood reside in the oil, which can be pressed from the wood or extracted with alcohol or water. The antiseptic and disinfectant properties of this oil are similar to those of cubeb oil. The oil can also be used for bronchitis and for inflammation in mucous tissue. A decoction of the wood may be helpful for indigestion and fever and externally for skin problems, especially those of bacterial origin.

Sandalwood is known as a hemiparasite or semi-root parasite and requires a range of suitable host plants for its nutrition and moisture requirements. It preferrs to be grown alongside leguminous plants such as Acacias or any other leguminous tree or shrub.



Santalum album, Sandalwood, Chandana
Santalum album, Sandalwood, Chandana


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/santalum_album.htm

Jasminum humile, Jasminum giraldi, Italian Jasmine

Jasminum humile, Jasminum giraldi

Italian Jasmine
Family: Oleaceae
Origin: India
Vine or creeperFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterYellow/orange flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Jasmine oil is extracted from the flowers and is imported from India. It has a rich, warm, sweet scent. It is a middle note in perfumery. Blends well with all citrus oils, clary sage, rose, sandalwood. Hardy to Zone 8. To encourage lateral branching and greater flower production, nip off the ends of canes that become too long. If plants become overgrown, prune them back as much as desired in early spring. Possible uses (from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils by Julia Lawless, Element Books, 1995): Circulation, muscles and joints: for muscle spasms and sprains. Emotions/mind and nervous system: for use with anxiety, depression, nervous exhaustion and stress-related disorders. Relieves repressed feelings, bitter jealously, low self-esteem, guilt, emotional abuse. Promotes optimism. Genito-urinary: for dysmenorrhea, frigidity, labor pains, and uterine disorders. Respiratory and immune system: used for catarrh, coughs, laryngitis. Skin/hair: for dry, irritated, sensitive, and oily skin. Actions: Analgesic (mild), antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, cicatrizant, expectorant, galactagogue, parturient, sedative, tonic (uterine).





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/jasminum_humile.htm

Jasminum humile - Italian jasmine

Italian jasmine. Jasmine oil is extracted from the flowers and is imported from India. It has a rich, warm, sweet scent. It is a middle note in perfumery. Hardy to Zone 8.

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