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Citrus aurantifolia has a globose fruit, 1-2in in diameter, that is greenish-yellow when ripe but usually picked green and valued for its sourness and flavor. C. aurantifolia is a shrubby tree, to 16ft, with many thorns. Dwarf varieties are popular with home growers and can be grown indoors in winter in colder climates. The trunk rarely grows straight, with many branches that often originate quite far down on the trunk. The leaves are ovate 1-3.5in long, resembling orange (the scientific name aurantifolia refers to the leaves' resemblance). The flowers are 1in in diameter, are yellowish white with a light purple tinge on the margins. Flowers and fruit appear throughout the year but are most abundant from May to September.
Citrus x latifolia is most likely from a cross between Citrus aurantiifolia and Citrus limon.
Finger Lime trees are erect trees growing up to 30 ft. The fruits can be green and cylindrical in shape, up to 4" long and only about 1-1.5" in diameter.
Once the fruit is cut open the tiny round juice vesicles will slowly roll out of the fruit without squeezing, and resemble what is called 'citrus caviar'. Used in chutneys, jams, marmalades, savory sauces and refreshing drinks. In great demand for culinary use as it displays well as a garnish.
Citrus australis is a large shrub or small tree producing an edible fruit.
It is suitable for including in cordials, sauces, marmalades and lime flavouring.
Small tree with pear-shaped fruit whose oil is used in perfumery. Orange Bergamot has antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, relaxant, sedative, and uplifting properties. It also balances body systems.
This giant citrus is also cultivated in California and Israel. Most of the varieties found today have been bred and grown. A large pomelo is the largest of all citrus. They can grow to be as large as a foot in diameter and up to 25 pounds. The rind is very thick but soft and easy to peel away. The resulting fruit is light yellow to coral-pink flesh and can vary from juicy to slightly dry and from seductively spicy-sweet to tangy and tart. The pomelo is also known as a shaddock. The pomelo tree is spiny, spreading and grows to a height of 50 ft. The leaves are dark green and shiny and the flowers are white and strongly scented. The fruit is large, 4" to 12" in diameter, globose or pearshaped.
The kaffir lime leaves are a very popular spice in Thailand; their characteristic flavour appears in soups, stir-fries or curres. The juice of the fruit is antiscurvy, expectorant. External use as antidandruff. Fruit peel - relief of stomach pain, carminative.
Citrus junos originated and grows wild in central China and Tibet. It was introduced to Japan and Korea during the Tang Dynasty and it is in these nations that it is cultivated most widely.
It is unusual among citrus plants in being relatively frost-hardy and can be grown in regions with winters at least as low as -9 C (15 F) where more sensitive citrus would not thrive.
The juice and rind and used in drinks and flavorings. Fragrance is extracted for use in perfumes, lotions, and soaps.
Sweet limes, Lima Dulce, are a hybrid variety whose parentage has been linked to key limes and a citron variety. Sweet limes are rounded with conical indented ends. Their rind is lemon yellow at maturity, thin, and semi smooth with prominent oil glands which makes them very aromatic. Their flesh is translucent yellow, tender, and very juicy, though it lacks any substantial levels of citric acid, thus the flavor is sweet with an insipid finish.
Sweet limes are native to India where they are grown commercially. They are also a commercially grown citrus in Egypt, the Near East and Latin America. Sweet lime trees are also used as rootstock, even though their rootstock is prone to disease. Sweet limes have very little presence in American horticulture outside of ornamental use and as a garden tree. In California the climatic influences create dramatically different sized and shaped sweet lime fruits from coastal to desert regions. Most sweet limes can be found at farmers market and at Latin American markets.
Sweet limes bear fruit in the winter months.
The leading acid citrus fruit, because of its very appealing color, odor and flavor.