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One of the most beautiful citrus varieties. The fruit is green and yellow striped with a pink interior. This is a small everbearing tree. Sensitive when too much moisture in the pot. The tree presents a delightful appearance with its new growth and bloom tipped in purple, contrasting with the foliage and fruit. The only true lemon for pink lemonade.
Small to medium sized tree, usually to 10-25ft high. Trees are somewhat sensitive to freezes and grow best in areas having only limited frosts and freezes. The Ponderosa Lemon tends to be slightly less hardy than other lemon varieties. Grows in conditions suitable for the average citrus, water frequently except during cold months. Fertilize 2-4 times per year. Can be container grown and was historically a common lemon grown indoors in temperate climates.
Very large, bumpy skinned lemon usually weighing 2-4 pounds. Flavor is typical lemon-like.
Propagation: Commonly by grafting cuttings to various citrus rootstocks. Can also be propagated by seed which usually come true, or fairly close to their parent.
Citrus medica is a small tree that grows to around 10-20ft. tall given full sun or semi-shade positions. It requires moderate water, preferring well-drained soil, and can tolerate hot, dry conditions. The tree produces white, off-white, or yellowish fragrant flowers that not only attract butterflies and hummingbirds, but also have a distinctive aroma. It can be listed as an ethnomedical plant, with the fruit of the tree being edible, and the rind, called citron, is used as a spice. The thorns and spines of the tree offer some form of protection. In terms of hardiness, the mature plant can tolerate cold temperatures down to at least 30s F (USDA zone 9-11).
The Citrus medica fruit is an ovary berry type that can weigh anywhere between 3-6 lbs. The fruit skin is green when it is unripe and turns yellow when ripe. The inside of the fruit contains several lobes filled with pith, and multiple segments and tiny white seeds that separate the edible segments from one another. Additionally, the rind of the fruit is thick, turning dry and spongy when ripe. The inner part of the fruit rind can be used as a flavoring for various dishes as it has a pleasant taste and aroma.
The Citron fruit is a powerhouse of health benefits. It contains a high amount of vitamin-C and other essential minerals. It is also high in dietary fiber and has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It is credited with improving digestion, decreasing appetite, and reducing belly fat. It helps reduce the risk of inflammation related to cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Furthermore, it contains antioxidants that help boost the immune system. Citron fruit also helps in regulating blood pressure and helps to maintain healthy cholesterol levels. The fruit of Citron can produce up to 40-50 fruits per year.
When growing Citrus medicas in cold regions, it is advisable to plant the trees in a pot and bring the pot indoors during extreme periods of cold weather. Taking indoor care of the plant would help protect it from the harsh outside temperatures. As long as the tree is well-watered, fed with essential nutrients, and properly looked after, the Citron tree will produce healthy fruits with an abundance of health benefits.
It is sometimes confused with the pomelo (Citrus maxima), which is a close relation but is larger and pear-shaped. The grapefruit tree can grow to a height of 26 to 30 feet. Grapefruits are round, with a diameter of between 4 and 6 inches. Their thin skin may be either completely yellow or yellow with a pinkish hue. The pulp of the fruit may be yellow, pinkish, or reddish. It can be more or less sharp-tasting, acidic, sweet, and fragrant. Benefits: High in vitamin C and potassium, a good source of folate, iron, calcium, and other minerals, high in fiber, low in calories. Pink and red varieties are high in beta carotene, a precursor of vitamin A. Contains bioflavonoids and other plant chemicals that protect against cancer and heart disease.
Citrus reticulata x Citrus paradisi - Ugli Fruit, Uniq Fruit
Citrus grandis x Citrus paradisi - Pomelit
Citrus reticulata or the Mandarin orange is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling the Orange. The fruit is oblate, rather than spherical, and roughly resembles a pumpkin in shape. Mandarin oranges are usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. Varieties of Mandarin orange include the Tangerine, Clementine, Dancy, Tangor, Satsuma and several new varieties.
In some varieties, notably the tangerine, the rind is loose and can easily be removed by hand. The tangor, also called a temple orange, is a cross between a mandarin and an orange. Its thin rind is also easy to peel, and its pale orange pulp is spicy, full-flavored, and tart. Most canned mandarin oranges are satsumas.
This is the hardiest close relative of Citrus. It is a deciduous shrub armed with vicious spines and will survive temperatures as low as 0F to -10F. In the USA it certainly grows as far north as Boston, MA (Hardy for zones 5-9). The fruits are like small oranges about 1.5 inches across, very sour, but can be used in conserves and drinks. Watch it through the seasons. In spring it sports white, fragrant flowers. Its summer foliage is shiny and dark green. In autumn it sheds its leaves to show off its glossy-green stems. Fruit, which is very sour, also adds fall interest. It is a great barrier plant and can be trimmed to form a 3-foot hedge. It can also be used as a novelty specimen. It is also used as citrus rootstock.
Citrus x aurantium is a hybrid between Citrus maxima (Pomelo) and Citrus reticulata (Mandarin).
Citrus × aurantium var. myrtifolia is sometimes considered a separate species, Citrus myrtifolia, the myrtle-leaved orange.
Meyer Lemon (Citrus x Meyeri) is a small tree that only grows up to 10-20 feet and is relatively hardy, able to tolerate cold temperatures down to the low 30s F. It is adapted to most temperate climates and can withstand both full sun and a little bit of shade. It prefers to be watered consistently and can be fertilized during the growing season.
The Meyer lemon is known for its fragrant, off-white flowers, making it an excellent ornamental and garden attraction. Not only does it attract beautiful hummingbirds and butterflies, but the Meyer lemon itself is edible as well. Its fruit has many healthy benefits and is widely used in recipes around the world. It can produce over 50 fruits in a given year and is widely used for culinary, medicinal, and dietary purposes. Its juice is widely used for salad dressings and marinades, while its rind is often used to flavor candles, while its zest is used to flavor numerous recipes.
In terms of plant care, Meyer lemons need to be grown in a pot in colder regions and given moderate water. Mulching helps keep weeds down and should be done several times a year. Pruning can be used to control sizes and shapes. As for its health benefits, Meyer lemons have several documented ethnomedical uses and are on the list of the most healthful fruits. Its juice is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, as well as potassium and magnesium, and it also contains anti-inflammatory properties when consumed raw.
Orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus sinensis) and the fruits of this tree. It is a hybrid of ancient cultivated origin, possibly between Pomelo (Citrus grandis) and Tangerine (Citrus reticulata). It is a small tree, growing to about 30ft tall, with thorny shoots and evergreen leaves 2-4in long. The fruit originated in southeast Asia, in either India, Vietnam or southern China.
Oranges are widely grown in warm climates worldwide, and the flavors of orange vary from sweet to sour. The fruit is commonly peeled and eaten fresh, or squeezed for its juice. It has a thick bitter rind that is usually discarded, but can be processed into animal feed by removing water using pressure and heat. It is also used in certain recipes as flavoring or a garnish.
The Minneola tangelo is a citrus fruit hybrid of Grapefruit and Mandarin.
The fruit is extremely juicy with a slight tartness.
The Amber Sweet Orange is a hybrid of the Clementine and Orlando Tangelo.