TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 44     Next    Go to page:  1  2  3  4  5

Citrus aurantifolia, Mexican Lime, Key lime, West Indian lime

Citrus aurantifolia

Mexican Lime, Key lime, West Indian lime
Family: Rutaceae
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleThorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

It is a small tree, 10-20 ft. tall. This plant must have full sun to partial shade, with moderate water needs. It is cold hardy to at least 30sF for a short time. This plant has fragrant, off-white flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. The fruit is edible and highly valued for its sourness. The fruit is round and can be green or yellow depending on when it is picked. It can produce up to four fruits in one season.

Citrus aurantifolia (Mexican Lime) has many useful properties. Its fruit has many healthy benefits, as it contains vitamin C, calcium and other minerals that are thought to prevent some types of cancer, as well as support strong bones, teeth, and skin. It is also used for its therapeutic properties, as it can be used to help with constipation, digestive problems, and infections. The juice is often used to enhance the flavor of food and drinks, and the essential oils are used in perfumes, cosmetics and soaps.

This small tree can be grown in USDA Zone 9-11, and prefers full sun to semi-shade. It does not need significant water beyond occasional deep-watering. The tree's spiny branches offer protection from animals and make it an appropriate choice for a hedgerow.

While fruit production is abundant in the warm months of May to September, the Mexican Lime is also known to be hardy in cold climates - surviving temperatures down to 30sF for a short time. C. aurantifolia can produce up to four fruits in a season. To get the best harvest, the plant needs to be regularly pruned, watered, and fertilized. The plant also needs to be protected from frost during the coldest months, which can be done using an insulating fabric, specifically designed for this kind of climate.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_aurantifolia.htm

Citrus australasica, Microcitrus australasica, Finger Lime, Caviar Lime

Citrus australasica, Microcitrus australasica

Finger Lime, Caviar Lime
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: Australia
Can be used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterPink flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleThorny or spiny

Finger Lime trees are erect trees growing up to 30 ft. The fruits can be green and cylindrical in shape, up to 4" long and only about 1-1.5" in diameter.

Once the fruit is cut open the tiny round juice vesicles will slowly roll out of the fruit without squeezing, and resemble what is called 'citrus caviar'. Used in chutneys, jams, marmalades, savory sauces and refreshing drinks. In great demand for culinary use as it displays well as a garnish.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/microcitrus_australasica.htm

Citrus australis, Australian Lime

Citrus australis

Australian Lime
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: Australia
Can be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersEdible

It is native to Australia and is a great choice for bonsai. Citrus australis or Australian Lime can reach a height up to 5 to 10 feet when grown as a shrub, and up to 10 to 20 feet if grown as a tree. It has a moderate growth rate and its leaves are dark green, opposite and ovate in shape. It prefers full sun to partial shade and demands regular watering, so it is important to make sure the chosen spot receives enough water.

Throughout spring the plant will start to flower with the most beautiful hues of pink and white, off-white. The flowers can measure up to 1/4 inch in length.

The fruit is edible and can be used as a substitute for lime in many recipes. It is round, green and contains a slightly acidic juice with a flavor similar to lime. The fruit can grow up to 1 inch and is usually ripe during summer time. It usually grows in clusters and a single Australian Lime tree can produce around 40-50 fruits each year. The fruit is high in vitamin C as well as other nutrients, making it a great health benefit addition to your diet.

Growing Citrus australis in pots is possible and recommended if you live in an area with cold winters as it is hardy in USDA zones 9-11. If planted in a pot make sure to use a deep and heavy one as the root of the plant tend to be rather invasive. When watering give enough water to the pot to make sure the soil is moist, but not soggy. If grown in a pot it might not produce fruit.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_australis.htm

Citrus bergamia, Bergamot orange

Citrus bergamia

Bergamot orange
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: South East Asia
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbEdible

Small tree with pear-shaped fruit whose oil is used in perfumery. Orange Bergamot has antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, relaxant, sedative, and uplifting properties. It also balances body systems.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_bergamia.htm

Citrus grandis, Citrus maxima, Pomelo, Pommelo, Pummelo

Citrus grandis, Citrus maxima

Pomelo, Pommelo, Pummelo
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: Malaysia
Big tree taller than 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This giant citrus is also cultivated in California and Israel. Most of the varieties found today have been bred and grown. A large pomelo is the largest of all citrus. They can grow to be as large as a foot in diameter and up to 25 pounds. The rind is very thick but soft and easy to peel away. The resulting fruit is light yellow to coral-pink flesh and can vary from juicy to slightly dry and from seductively spicy-sweet to tangy and tart. The pomelo is also known as a shaddock. The pomelo tree is spiny, spreading and grows to a height of 50 ft. The leaves are dark green and shiny and the flowers are white and strongly scented. The fruit is large, 4" to 12" in diameter, globose or pearshaped.

Citrus grandis x Citrus paradisi - Pomelit.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_grandis.htm

Citrus hystrix, Indonesian lime, Wild lime, Kaffir Lime

Citrus hystrix

Indonesian lime, Wild lime, Kaffir Lime
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: South East Asia
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbEdible

Grown in USDA Zone 9-11, Citrus hystrix, commonly known as Indonesian limes, is a species of relatively small tree that can reach a height of 10-20 ft. The fruits of this tree contain very little juice, but it is packed with flavor that has a unique flavor profile. The off-white flowers of Indonesian lime are highly fragrant, making them a delight for the senses.

The fruits of this ethnomedical plant are edible, and their white skin can be used to make a refreshing beverage or used as as a spice or herb. There are many healthy benefits associated with consuming Indonesian limes. The vitamins C, A, and E are all found in the fruit, providing anti-oxidant properties as well as strengthening the immune system. The fruit is also packed with minerals including calcium, magnesium, and iron, all of which are vital for the body.

In terms of growing and caring for this tropical tree, they prefer full sun and require regular watering. In regions with colder climates, planting them in a pot and bringing them in during the winter months can help to keep them healthy and make sure they thrive. Indonesian limes are highly productive, often producing a yield of 25-50 fruits in a season.

All in all, Citrus hystrix is a great addition to any garden, boasting a plethora of health benefits and a unique flavor that adds complexity to prepared dishes. Its fragrant flowers make it a lovely ornament when placed in a sunny spot, and it is a worthwhile investment for the flavor and nutrition it provides.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_hystrix.htm

Citrus junos, Yuzu

Citrus junos

Yuzu
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: China
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterYellow, orange flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Citrus junos originated and grows wild in central China and Tibet. It was introduced to Japan and Korea during the Tang Dynasty and it is in these nations that it is cultivated most widely.

It is unusual among citrus plants in being relatively frost-hardy and can be grown in regions with winters at least as low as -9 C (15 F) where more sensitive citrus would not thrive.

The juice and rind and used in drinks and flavorings. Fragrance is extracted for use in perfumes, lotions, and soaps.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_junos.htm

Citrus limetta, Sweet Lime, Sweet Lemon

Citrus limetta

Sweet Lime, Sweet Lemon
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: Southeast Asia
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleThorny or spiny

Citrus limetta, Sweet Lime, Sweet Lemon
Citrus limetta, Sweet Lime, Sweet Lemon


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_limetta.htm

Citrus limettiodes, Indian Sweet Lime, Palestinian Lime, Lima Dulce, Pinata Lime

Citrus limettiodes

Indian Sweet Lime, Palestinian Lime, Lima Dulce, Pinata Lime
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: India
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Sweet limes, Lima Dulce, are a hybrid variety whose parentage has been linked to key limes and a citron variety. Sweet limes are rounded with conical indented ends. Their rind is lemon yellow at maturity, thin, and semi smooth with prominent oil glands which makes them very aromatic. Their flesh is translucent yellow, tender, and very juicy, though it lacks any substantial levels of citric acid, thus the flavor is sweet with an insipid finish.

Sweet limes are native to India where they are grown commercially. They are also a commercially grown citrus in Egypt, the Near East and Latin America. Sweet lime trees are also used as rootstock, even though their rootstock is prone to disease. Sweet limes have very little presence in American horticulture outside of ornamental use and as a garden tree. In California the climatic influences create dramatically different sized and shaped sweet lime fruits from coastal to desert regions. Most sweet limes can be found at farmers market and at Latin American markets.

Sweet limes bear fruit in the winter months.



Citrus limettiodes, Indian Sweet Lime, Palestinian Lime, Lima Dulce, Pinata Lime
Citrus limettiodes, Indian Sweet Lime, Palestinian Lime, Lima Dulce, Pinata Lime


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_limettiodes.htm

Citrus limon, Lemon

Citrus limon

Lemon
Family: Rutaceae
Origin: Northwestern India
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The leading acid citrus fruit, because of its very appealing color, odor and flavor.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/citrus_limon.htm
 
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