TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


Pictogram Guide · Mouse over pictogram for definition

Number of plants found: 8    

Ocimum americanum, Ocimum canum, American Basil, Lemon basil, Hoary Basil, Hairy Basil

Ocimum americanum, Ocimum canum

American Basil, Lemon basil, Hoary Basil, Hairy Basil
Family: Lamiaceae
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herb

Lemon basil, Hoary Basil,Thai Lemon Basil,(Ocimum × africanum) is a hybrid between basil (Ocimum basilicum) and American basil (Ocimum americanum). The herb is grown primarily in northeastern Africa and southern Asia for its fragrant lemon scent, and is used in cooking.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ocimum_americanum.htm

Ocimum basilicum, Basilie, Basil, Sweet Basil, Holy Basil, Tulsi Plant
Magic Mountain Basil

Ocimum basilicum

Basilie, Basil, Sweet Basil, Holy Basil, Tulsi Plant
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: Asia, Africa and Central and Southern America
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdible

The ancient Greeks called it the King of herbs. There are many cultivars of basil, selected for their fragrances and colors. Basil likes a well-drained soil and regular watering. It appreciates a good mulch covering over the roots. Basil is a tender annual and cannot tolerate frost. It sometimes seems like the leaves turn black if frost is just in the forecast! If it doesn't get frosted, basil sometimes will live for two years. Basil is easy to grow from seed. Sow in place after all danger of frost has past. Basil is a traditional ingredient in Mediterranean, Italian and Thai cooking, used with beans, rice, pasta, tomatoes and eggs.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ocimum_basilicum.htm

Ocimum carnosum, Pepper Basil

Ocimum carnosum

Pepper Basil
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: Mexico, South America
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersBlue/lavender/purple flowersSpice or herb

Ocimum carnosum, Pepper Basil
Ocimum carnosum, Pepper Basil


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ocimum_carnosum.htm

Ocimum tenuiflorum, Ocimum sanctum, Holy basil, Thai Basil, Holy Basil, Tulsi Plant

Ocimum tenuiflorum, Ocimum sanctum

Holy basil, Thai Basil, Holy Basil, Tulsi Plant
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: India
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbEdible

This cultivar is characterized by an intensive sweet-camphoraceous fragrance; in India, it is not much used as a culinary herb (although there are scattered reports of such usage), but has a strong religious meaning, being sacred to Vishnu and symbolizing either his wife Lakshmi or the wives of his various avatars.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ocimum_tenuiflorum.htm

Perilla frutescens, Shiso, Beefsteak Plant, Rattlesnake Weed, Perilla Mint, Chinese Basil, Akajiso, Jasoyup, Chirimenjiso

Perilla frutescens

Shiso, Beefsteak Plant, Rattlesnake Weed, Perilla Mint, Chinese Basil, Akajiso, Jasoyup, Chirimenjiso
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: India and China
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterSpice or herbEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Shiso is a perennial plant that may be cultivated as an annual in temperate climates, and occurs in both red- (or purple-) leaved and green forms. There are also frilly, ruffled-leaved forms called chirimen-jiso and forms that are red only on top, called katamen-jiso.

The Japanese name shiso is a loan word from Chinese zisu that means purple.

So it stands to reason that traditionally in Japan shiso denoted primarily the purple-red form. In recent years there has been a paradigm shift, with the green becoming the first to come to mind, and the red considered atypical. The purple-red type may be known as akajiso. The quintessential use is for coloring the pickled plum, or umeboshi. The shiso leaf turns bright red when it reacts with the umezu, the vinegary brine that wells up from the plums after being pickled in their vats. The red pigment is identified as the Perilla anthocyanin, aka shisonin. The mature red leaves are not very amenable to use as a raw salad leaf. But germinated sprouts me-jiso have been used for years as garnish to accent a Japanese dish such as a plate of sashimi. The tiny pellets of buds and seed pods can be scraped off using the chopstick or fingers and mixed into the soy sauce dip to add the distinct spicy flavor. The sprouts and flowerheads of the green variety are also used the same way.

Bunches of green shiso leaves packaged in styrofoam trays are now familiar sights on the supermarket shelves in Japan, as well as in Japanese food markets in the West. But production in earnest as leafy herb did not begin until the 1960s.

P. frutescens var. frutescens, the oilseed crop, is the source of perilla oil. This variety is used as an ingredient in Korean cuisine, both "wild sesame'" (deulggae), and "sesame leaves", which are green. It is known in Japan as egoma.

The perilla was introduced into Japan around the eighth to ninth centuries. The species was introduced into the Western horticulture as an ornamental.

It is also called rattlesnake weed, because the sound the dried stalks make when disturbed along the footpath is reminiscent of the rattlesnake rattling sound.

The red perilla has red leaves and used mostly in fish stews in China. Koreans make pickled "wild sesame" perilla leaves with red chili powder and soy sauce. Oil extracted from P. frutescens var. frutescens is still used to cover cookies in rural areas of Korea. Sometimes, the seeds are ground and added to soup for seasoning in Korea. Parts of the plants eaten are the leaves, flower and buds from the flower stalks, fruits and seeds, and sprouts. Japanese use green shiso leaves raw with sashimi. Dried leaves are also infused to make tea. The red shiso leaf is not normally consumed fresh, but needs to be e.g. cured in salt. The pigment in the leaves turns from purple to bright red color when steeped in umezu, and is used to color and flavor umeboshi.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/perilla_frutescens.htm

Plectranthus hadiensis var. tomentosus, Plectranthus tomentosus, Camphor Plant, Camphor Basil, Vicks Plant, Succulent Coleus

Plectranthus hadiensis var. tomentosus, Plectranthus tomentosus

Camphor Plant, Camphor Basil, Vicks Plant, Succulent Coleus
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterDry conditionsBlue/lavender/purple flowersOrnamental foliageFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Plectranthus tomentosus is a perennial, succulent-like herb or branched subshrubs with aromatic leaves spreading approximately 50-75 cm round. It is commonly known as the "Vicks Plant" for its leaves that smell like Vick's Vap-O-Rub or mentholatum when crushed.

Grows in savanna and dry forested regions. It is used to treat intestinal upsets. The flowers are white to light purple, and exceptionally attractive to honey bees. Give this one room, as it can spread to three of four feet across. Prune back by half every six months to reduce woodiness. Has a strong camphor aroma overlaying. Excellent in herb mixtures (usually very hard to find). Very fast growing - ideal for filling empty spots.

The plant prefers dry conditions, very drought tolerant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/plectranthus_hadiensis_tomentosus.htm

Plectranthus hadiensis tomentosus - Camphor Basil

Camphor plant - previously called as Ocimum kilimanscharicum. Wonderful scent! Very rare herb great for ground cover, xeriscape or rock garden, needs no care, grows fast, very drought tolerant. Plant it along walkway and enjoy pleasant scent as you walk by or brush on it.

RECOMMENDED FERTILIZER:
SUNSHINE Robusta - Rapid Growth Booster
This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
6-10"/1-3 gal pot, large plant
In stock
$17.95


Plectranthus nicodemus, Plectranthus forsteri, Fragrant Plectranthus, Variegated Basil

Plectranthus nicodemus, Plectranthus forsteri

Fragrant Plectranthus, Variegated Basil
Family: Lamiaceae
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageFragrantSpice or herbSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Excellent variagated, fragrant herb that is ideal in mixed containers and patio planters. Leaves are used for cooking as basil. Great in full sun to part shade. Grows 10-14" tall. Fertilize every 2 weeks with an all-purpose fertilizer for best growth. Keep soil moderately moist.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/plectranthus_nicodemus.htm

Solenostemon amboinicus, Coleus amboinicus, Plectranthus amboinicus, Allspise, Three-in-one spise, Cuban Oregano

Solenostemon amboinicus, Coleus amboinicus, Plectranthus amboinicus

Allspise, Three-in-one spise, Cuban Oregano
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: Tropical America
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSemi-shadeModerate waterOrnamental foliageFragrantSpice or herb

Excellent variagated, fragrant herb that is ideal in mixed containers and patio planters. Leaves are used for cooking as basil. Great in full sun to part shade. Grows 10-14" tall. Fertilize every 2 weeks with an all-purpose fertilizer for best growth. Keep soil moderately moist. The fresh leaves are used in beef salad in Thailand. A species also is cultivated as a house plant because of its beautiful leaves.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/solenostemon_amboinicus.htm


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