TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Tabernaemontana elegans , Toad Tree

Tabernaemontana elegans

Toad Tree
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Africa
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantDeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

This small deciduous tree. It has attractive dark green glossy leaves and rough, deeply fissured, corky bark. The flowers are also white and sweetly scented, attracting various insects.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_elegans.htm

Tabernaemontana litoralis, Stemmadenia galeottiana, Stemmadenia litoralis, Lechoso, Milky Way Tree

Tabernaemontana litoralis, Stemmadenia galeottiana, Stemmadenia litoralis

Lechoso, Milky Way Tree
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Tropical America
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSeaside, salt tolerant plant

A very rare handsome tropical tree with large white fragrant flowers of unusual shape. This tree can be (and should be) kept in container where it grows up to 7-8 ft, stays compact and bushy. The fragrance of flowers is outstanding. Not many people know about this tree because it's very rare, while it is as great as famous Perfume trees (Michelia champaca and Cananga odorata). It blooms especially in summer and after drought period. Nice specimen tree for small gardens. It has a multi-layered canopy, blooms mostly from mid-April to late Winter. When in full bloom, perfume fills the area with a soft, musky sweetness. A massive rofusion of flowers decks the branches, pure white against lacquered, dark green leaves, and carpets the ground with fallen blossoms. Grows well in full sun (if not too hot), as well as in semi-shade, tolerates shade, too, in shade it's glossy leaves become large and dark green. Very ornamental! The tree can even tolerate a little sea spray. Seed pods are golden in color, about 4 inches long, horn-shaped, often in pairs.

See Article 1 and Article 2 about this tree.

NOTE: Sometimes Stemmadenia develops on the undersides of leaves tiny granules looking like white sand grain or sugar crystals. They are harmless and nothing more than polysaccharides. Read more info....





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_litoralis.htm

Tabernaemontana macrocarpa, Tabernaemontana

Tabernaemontana macrocarpa

Tabernaemontana
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Southeast Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.



Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_macrocarpa.htm

Tabernaemontana orientalis, Ervatamia orientalis, Ervatamia pubescens, Ervatamia floribunda, Banana Bush, Native Gardenia

Tabernaemontana orientalis, Ervatamia orientalis, Ervatamia pubescens, Ervatamia floribunda

Banana Bush, Native Gardenia
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.DeciduousAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Small to medium size shrub with lanceolate simple leaves, edges slightly undulate, to 3" long, plant foliage and stems exude white latex when damaged. Specimens growing in too bright light tend to have yellowy foliage, while as an understory plant in the forest it has darker green leaves. Jasmine-like white pin-wheeled fragrant flowers, 5 petals with long tips fusing to form tube, regularly symmetrical. Fruit is pairs of orange-yellow fused banana shaped capsules, similar to other species.

Tabernaemontana orientalis is deciduous when temperature drops below 65F.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_orientalis.htm

Tabernaemontana ventricosa - seeds

This small tree, with its unusual fruits, is excellent for gardeners wanting to bring nature back into their garden. It attracts birds, insects and small mammals into your garden. The tree prefers full to semi-shade, but can withstand a certain amount of sunlight. It requires a moderate amount of water. This tree is frost sensitive, preferring more tropical areas with mild winters. It can easily be grown from seed and grows relatively fast.
Ordering seeds info

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Tabernaemontana pachysiphon, Tabernaemontana holstii, Giant Tabernaemontana

Tabernaemontana pachysiphon, Tabernaemontana holstii

Giant Tabernaemontana
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Tropical Africa
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Medium size evergreen tree, has a wide and dense canopy with very large (18" x 7") dark green shiny leaves. Clusters of large white flowers, very fragrant. Blooms spring to fall. Cold hardy to upper 20F. This species has a synonym T. holstii, which previously was misused for Tabernaemontana africana.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_pachysiphon.htm

Tabernaemontana pandacaqui, Banana Bush

Tabernaemontana pandacaqui

Banana Bush
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Australia, Melanesia, New Guinea
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantIrritating

Very cute low growing shrub native of the South Pacific, with Jasmine-like white pin-wheeled fragrant flowers, 5 petals with long tips fusing to form tube, regularly symmetrical.

The flowers are then followed by a pair of seeds that look like two bananas hanging in opposite directions, hence its common name. They start out red and then turn yellow when they ripen.

Variety Netty is a dwarf perennial shrub that grows only 3-4 ft tall. Its lush green foliage is a great backdrop for the abundant and continuous small white flowers that are pinwheel shaped.

Banana Bush works well as a mass planting, specimen shrub, or containerized accent piece. It is also drought tolerant once established and is a moderate grower. Ectra benefit is lack of pest problems associated with it. This plant is truly a winner.

In some sources Tabernaemontana pandacaqui is indicated as synonim of Tabernaemontana orientalis, however in our opinion they are different, with T. orientalis having pointed petals and T. pandacaqui rounded ones.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_pandacaqui.htm

Tabernaemontana sananho, Bonafousia sanango, Sanango, Uchu Sanango, Shiric Sanago

Tabernaemontana sananho, Bonafousia sanango

Sanango, Uchu Sanango, Shiric Sanago
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: Brazil, French Guiana
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Called Kunapip in Ecuador. Rare tropical species with large leaves, fragrant flowers and edible fruit. Different parts of plant are used in S. American folk medicine. It grows as a tall evergreen dense shrub, the leaves are the largest of all tabernaemontanas and can reach 12" in length and 5" in width. White flowers are 2-3" wide with pinwheeled petals and intense fragrance. This plant can be also trimmed into a small srub and grown in a pot. Very tropical looking





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_sananho.htm

Tabernaemontana sananho - Uchu Sanango

Uchu sanango. Rare tropical species with large leaves, fragrant flowers and edible fruit, used in S. American folk medicine. The leaves are the largest of all tabernaemontanas and can reach 12" in length and 5" in width. Very tropical looking.
plant. See picture of the plant in 2 gal pot.

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Grown in
6"/1 gal pot
 





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_sp.htm

Tabernaemontana sp. variegata, Variegated Tabernaemontana

Tabernaemontana sp. variegata

Variegated Tabernaemontana
Family: Apocynaceae
Origin: South Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersOrnamental foliageFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Small compact bushy shrub, looks similar to Tabernaemontana divaricata (same growth habit), but foliage is variegated, and flowers are fragrant. There are several varieties of the variegated tabernaemontana, including Silver Rain, Gold - they differ by shade of variegated leaves, from silvery to golden. Nice specimen plant, very hard to find.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/tabernaemontana_variegata.htm
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