TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 35    Prev  Next    Go to page:  1  2  3  4

Piper retrofractum, Chavica officinarum, Piper chaba, Piper officinarum, Long Pepper, Balinese Pepper

Piper retrofractum, Chavica officinarum, Piper chaba, Piper officinarum

Long Pepper, Balinese Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South East Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herb

Dried mature unripe fruit are carminative, stomachic, antidiarrheal, oxytocic.

Long pepper, which tastes pungent and sweet at the same time, is more pungent than black pepper.



Piper retrofractum, Chavica officinarum, Piper chaba, Piper officinarum, Long Pepper, Balinese Pepper
Piper retrofractum, Chavica officinarum, Piper chaba, Piper officinarum, Long Pepper, Balinese Pepper
Piper retrofractum, Chavica officinarum, Piper chaba, Piper officinarum, Long Pepper, Balinese Pepper
Piper retrofractum, Chavica officinarum, Piper chaba, Piper officinarum, Long Pepper, Balinese Pepper


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_retrofractum.htm

Piper sarmentosum, Chaa-plu, Vietnamese Pepper, Lalot, La Lot

Piper sarmentosum

Chaa-plu, Vietnamese Pepper, Lalot, La Lot
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: East and Southeast Asia
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This spreading vine is fast growing and has many uses. Eaten raw in salads or cooked with other greens or dishes, or wrap meats and cook in oven or on stove or grill.

It is used medicinally in Asia. The whole plant is used as expectorant, leaves as carminative in India and South China as well as Indonesia. It is used for feverish diseases, for digestive disorders, and toothache. The extract may be applied externally to treat pain in the bones. When the root is chewed with betel nut, it is said to be helpful for the treatment of coughs and asthma; with nutmeg and ginger it is used to treat pleurisy. The leaves are used as food (food wraps) in Vietnam.

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_sarmentosum.htm

Piper sarmentosum - Vietnamese Pepper, Lalot

Chaa-plu, Vietnamese Pepper. Eaten raw in salads or cooked with other greens or dishes, or wrap meats and cook in oven or on stove or grill. It is used medicinally in India and South China as well as Indonesia for feverish diseases, for digestive disorders, and toothache, to treat pain in the bones. When the root is chewed with betel nut, it is said to be helpful for the treatment of coughs and asthma. The leaves are used as food (food wraps) in Vietnam.
See Video and Article about this plant.

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Piper sylvaticum, Chavica sylvatica, Pahari Pipul, Mountain Long Pepper

Piper sylvaticum, Chavica sylvatica

Pahari Pipul, Mountain Long Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: India
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliage



Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_sylvaticum.htm

Curcuma longa, Spice Turmeric, Longevity Spice, Indian Saffron, Tumeric

Curcuma longa

Spice Turmeric, Longevity Spice, Indian Saffron, Tumeric
Family: Zingiberaceae
Origin: Asia
USDA Zone: 8-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterPink flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantSpice or herbSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a small plant that grows to a height of 2-5 ft and has a deciduous nature. Native to Asia, it has been used for centuries as a medicinal as well as a culinary herb. It has pink flowers and is known as an ethnomedical plant as it has been used in traditional folk medicine as a cure for several ailments. Curcuma longa is also used as a spice or herb, and is a common ingredient in curry powder.

This plant requires full sun for optimal growth, however it can also thrive in semi-shade. It needs regular watering. In can be grown in USDA Zones 8-11. In cold regions, it can be grown in a pot.

The health benefits of turmeric have been attributed to its active component, curcumin, found in the root. This ingredient has anti-inflammatory and disinfecting properties, and has been used traditionally to treat cuts and abrasions, as well as certain internal diseases. Curcumin is believed to be particularly beneficial when taken with black pepper, as piperine in black pepper boosts the effectiveness of curcumin.

Apart from its medicinal uses, turmeric is also used in food and textile dyeing, as an additive to foods like butter, mustard and cheese, as a natural ant deterrent, and as a seasoning in Asian dishes. It is found in its powdered form and is often mis-spelt as Tumeric.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/curcuma_longa.htm

Curcuma longa - Turmeric

Spice Turmeric, Longevity Spice, Indian Saffron, Tumeric. Turmeric powder might well be the healthiest spice on Earth. Made by grinding the dried root of the Curcuma longa plant, this ancient superfood and key ingredient in curry powder has been used by Indian Ayurvedic healers for centuries. In recent years, also the scientific community has begun to show interest in the potential health benefits of the turmeric root. Turmeric can be consumed in its original powdered form through culinary additions to other foods.
This plant is deciduous through winter-spring.

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This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
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9 plants in stock
$27.95


Eucalyptus sp., Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus sp.

Eucalyptus
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersOrnamental foliageRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Subtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeUnknown name

Eucalyptus is an enormous and fascinating genus that accounts for more than two-thirds of Australia's vegetation. The only major environment where they are absent is rainforest. There are about 12 species which occur naturally outside of Australia, while around 700 are Australian endemics. Only 2 species are not found in Australia. One of these, Eucalyptus deglupta, is the only eucalyptus to be found growing naturally in the northern hemisphere, occurring in the southern Phillipines, New Guinea and Indonesia.

Essential oils from the leaves of Eucalyptus have attracted interest since the earliest days of settlement in Australia. One of the first articles of export from the newly established colony of New South Wales in 1788 was a quarter of a gallon of an essential oil steam-distilled from the leaves of Eucalyptus piperita growing on the shores of Port Jackson. Eucalyptus therapeutic properties attracted interest of the botanist Baron Ferdinand von Mueller so he prompted a Victorian pharmacist colleague, Joseph Bosisto, to investigate the commercial production of its essential oil. In 1852 operations were started. This was the beginning of the Australian essential oil industry. By 1900 the industry was firmly established, and for the next fifty years Australia remained the world's largest supplier of eucalyptus oil.

Most species of Eucalyptus go through a change from round and stem-clasping juvenile foliage to long and willowy mature foliage. Some people think of Eucalyptus as those large trees in Australia with willowy leaves that Koalas eat, and others imagine cute little silvery stems used in floral bouquets. Indeed, they are both Eucalyptus: the smaller stems and leaves represent the young plants, and the long willowy leaves come from mature trees.

Many eucalyptus species from desert or subtropical regions have showy flowers, those are usually a bit more cold sensitive. Very often Eucalyptus is regarded as not being hardy outside of the subtropics, which discourages people from planting them in cooler areas. However, most of the species are cold hardy. Practically all of them can withstand some frost. A large number of species are very hardy, withstanding hard freeze for many hours. Some of them can be grown in real cold areas with snowy winters (USDA zone 8 or colder). Eucalyptus hardiness makes this tree very desirable for exotic gardeners in different types of climates.

Besides cold hardiness, these trees have many other advantages: they help to control aphids and other insects, most of them will grow rapidly even in poor soil (as fast as 12 ft per year), and they are very attractive. Eucalyptus foliage is excellent for cut foliage in floral arrangements.

Eucalyptus is much faster growing than most other trees in cultivation and once planted in the ground, can be expected to grow 6 - 12 ft each year, as long as the young tree is healthy and not root-bounded (this is why it is recommended to go with a smaller size eucalyptus plant - it will grow much faster and better than its bigger root-bounded sister). They never go dormant and are able to grow whenever they have access to water and a little warmth, regardless of time of the year. They do better in cultivation than they in their natural habitat in Australia as most gardens and landscapes offer good soil, and freedom from competition - neither of which they usually get in their homeland. A good heavy mulch around the base of the tree will be a big plus.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/eucalyptus_sp.htm

Mentha sp., Mint
Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'

Mentha sp.

Mint
Family: Lamiaceae
USDA Zone: 5-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapGroundcover and low-growing 2ftFull sunSemi-shadeKeep soil moistWhite, off-white flowersBlue, lavender, purple flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsInvasiveSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

Mint (Mint sp.) is a perennial herb that belongs to the Mentha genus, which is a large group of well-known herbs that are widely distributed throughout the temperate parts of the world. There are several different species of mint, including:

Apple Mint (Mentha suaveolens) - This hardy perennial is a very robust grower. Apple mint has interesting light green leaves that are somewhat hairy on the upper surface and downy underneath, with serrated edges. They can grow up to 3 feet high, but should be kept trimmed to a shorter height.

Curly Mint (Mentha spicata variety crispii) - This plant is valued more for its intricately curled, fringed leaves than for its fragrance. The foliage is dark green and lightly splotched with a contrasting lighter green. They can grow up to 2 feet high and are known to be invasive. Chefs often use curly mint for garnishes, but prefer the pleasant flavor of spearmint and peppermint.

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium) - This creeping mint is used occasionally as a ground cover in cool climates. It has many stems that grow up to 12 inches high and are covered with small, round to oval, dark green leaves. In the summer, it produces bluish-lilac blossoms. Pennyroyal has a pleasant lemony aroma and is used to flavor meat puddings and fish entrees.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) - This spreading plant has a sharp, penetrating yet pleasant, mint aroma. It grows 1 to 2 feet high, but can reach 3 feet when in bloom. The lance-shaped leaves are deeply notched when mature and the flowers are usually purple.

Pineapple Mint (Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata') - Pineapple mint is a variegated hybrid of apple mint with white or cream blotches on its leaves. It does have a slight pineapple scent, but the aroma isn't always detectable. This mint is good for garnishes because the thick leaves are slow to wilt.

Spearmint (Mentha spicata) - This plant is similar to peppermint, but has a milder, sweeter flavor. It grows up to 3 feet tall and has dark green, lance-shaped leaves with a pointed tip. The flowers are typically pink or purple.

Water or Bog Mint (Mentha aquatica) - This mint is native to wetland areas and is adapted to growing in wet soil. It has a strong mint aroma and produces small, pink or purple flowers.

Mint is known for its carminative properties, which means that it helps to soothe the digestive system and relieve bloating and gas. It also has antiseptic properties and has been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments. Aromatherapy and massage practitioners often use peppermint essential oil to stimulate circulation, ease muscle fatigue, and reduce pain. The scent of peppermint is said to have a refreshing and invigorating effect, helping to increase alertness and reduce stress.

Peppermint is a popular ingredient in many recipes, and is often used to flavor teas, desserts, and other dishes. It is also used as a garnish or decorative element in culinary dishes. Mint plants are easy to grow and can tolerate a variety of conditions, including full sun or semi-shade locations. It prefers regular watering. Mint plants are also tolerant of occasional flooding and are best grown in USDA Zone 5-10





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/mentha_sp.htm

Peperomia argyreia, Peperomia sandersii, Watermelon Peperomia

Peperomia argyreia, Peperomia sandersii

Watermelon Peperomia
Family: Piperaceae
USDA Zone: 10-12?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterOrnamental foliage

Grown for their ornamental foliage, Peperomia argyreia are a small plant, which is an excellent choice for uses in semi-shade, as it will thrive with regular watering, but also requires well-draining soil to ensure that the roots never sit in overly wet or boggy soil.

Native to South America, Watermelon Peperomia is hardy in USDA Zone 10-12, and they are very easy to grow in the right conditions. If a colder climate presents itself, plants can still be grown in pots, however careful attention and frequent monitoring will be required to adjust care due to weather fluctuations and seasons. When growing in pots for colder climates, it is important to keep an eye on soil moisture, as potted plants dry out more quickly than plants in the ground. While Watermelon Peperomia can handle drought for some time, consistent and regular watering is required in order for plant to thrive, as well as providing good drainage and a partially shady location.

Furthermore, it's important to perform regular pruning to keep the shrub looking its best, as well as removing any damaged or dead leaves to promote healthier growth. Due to low nutrient needs, this plant requires limited fertilization. For best results, use a balanced fertilizer rich in micro-nutrients and potassium, and water the plant after fertilization to avoid damage to the roots.

Ultimately, Watermelon Peperomia is an excellent choice for a variety of uses and landscaping, thanks to its beautiful foliage and demanding minimal care. With regular monitoring, this plant will thrive under the right conditions and bring beauty and life to semi-shaded areas in most USDA hardiness Zones.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/peperomia_argyreia.htm

Peperomia bicolor, Peperomia

Peperomia bicolor

Peperomia
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliage

Peperomia bicolor, Peperomia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/peperomia_bicolor.htm

Peperomia caperata, Emerald Ripple Peperomia
Peperomia caperata 'Rosso'

Peperomia caperata

Emerald Ripple Peperomia
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Brazil
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterOrnamental foliage



Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/peperomia_caperata.htm
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