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It is thought the Philodendron Birkin originally started life as a mutation on a Philodendron 'Rojo Congo', which was then separated and cultivated. Another theory suggests it's a hybrid of 'Rojo Congo' and 'Green-Leaf Philodendron', which originated in Thailand.
This name is often mistakenly applied to the popular houseplant Philodendron hederaceum, the Ivy Philodendron. While "cordatum" means heart-shaped and both species have heart-shaped leaves the species name cannot be applied to the Ivy Philodendron.
Philodendron cordatum has two growth phases, the juvenile form and the mature form, which often appear very different in leaf size and shape. Juvenile Philodendron cordatum leaves are very similar to Philodendron hederaceum leaves.
This plant is suitable for growing indoors. Needs watering regularly; do not overwater. Requires consistently moist soil. Do not let dry out between waterings.
Unlike many Philodendrons, this species creeps along the ground rather than climbing up a support. Magnificent, heart-shaped deep green leaves have bright white veins that stand out like a beacon. It is ideally suited as a specimen house or patio plant. True to the name, Philodendron gloriosum is a "glorious" plant with leaves reported to reach a size of 36 inches in it's native growing areas.
Philodendron gloriosum is not a climber, it runs! The species prefers to grow in loose, well draining soil. Many growers prefer what is known as a "jungle mix" which is easily created by mixing potting soil with Perlite and extra bark and some charcoal to "sweeten" the soil. Keep the soil damp, just not soaking wet. Shade to semi-shade.
A rare Philodendron with compound, green leaves arranged in an open, circular form. A good climber or showy as a large shrub.
A large self-heading variety with deeply lobed leaves and red spots on the petiole - good for larger areas and tropical landscapes. It looks like a cross between Xanadu and Selloum.
Philodendron rugosum is endemic to Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
A special form with contorted leaves that can grow huge as an erect plant.
Philodendron scandens Mediopictum Brazil is a spectacular rare veriegated philodendron with heart-shaped leaves that are dark green with yellow variegation in the center of the leaf. Stems have apinkish orange hue.
Most Philodendrons are native to the jungles of tropical America, and as such, prefer the medium light intensity they would have on the jungle floor. They will tolerate low light, but if there is too little light, the new leaves will develop smaller, and farther apart on the stem. On the other hand, direct sunlight will burn the foliage, and stunt the growth of the plant.
Keep the soil evenly moist, but allow it to dry out between waterings. Propagation is by stem cuttings, or air layering, or by offsets, depending on the type of philodendron grown.
Species and varieties:
Philodendron 'Ace of Spades'
Philodendron 'Bloody Mary'
Philodendron 'Emerald Prince'
Philodendron 'Green Congo'
Philodendron 'Green Princess'
Philodendron 'Imperial Gold'
Philodendron 'Pink Princess'
Philodendron 'White Princess'